The election was originally scheduled for October 13, 2015, under Newfoundland and Labrador's House of Assembly Act, mandating a fixed election day on the second Tuesday in October in the fourth calendar year after the previous election. However, the same act also requires a new Premier to advise the Lieutenant-Governor, within 12 months of being sworn in, to call an election. Due to the resignation of Premier Dunderdale on January 24, 2014, the Progressive Conservative Party was expected to elect a new leader, and thus Premier, on July 5, 2014, though the leadership election has since been delayed until September 13, 2014. An early election will also avoid a conflict with the next federal election, scheduled for October 19, 2015.
Following the provincial election Liberal leader Kevin Aylward announced his resignation as leader. Aylward was unable to win a seat in the legislature and announced on October 26, 2011, he would step down once his successor was chosen. On December 15, 2011, the Liberal Party announced that Dwight Ball would become Leader of the Opposition and interim Liberal leader effective January 3, 2012. Party president Judy Morrow announced in December 2011, that the party was not likely to hold a leadership convention until sometime in 2013. On November 17, 2013 Dwight Ball was elected leader of the Liberal Party.
On January 22, 2014, Kathy Dunderdale announced she was resigning as Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador and leader of the Progressive Conservative Party (PC Party) later that week and that Finance Minister Tom Marshall would replace her until the party selected a new leader. On January 24, 2014, Marshall was sworn in as the province's 11th Premier. Marshall had previously indicated that he would not be seeking re-election as the member of the House of Assembly for Humber East and therefore would not contest the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party. The party is scheduled to hold their leadership convention on September 13, 2014.
October 21, 2013: The media reports that NDP Leader Lorraine Michael received a letter signed by all four members of her caucus over the previous weekend calling for a leadership election to be held in 2014. Michael subsequently asks the party to hold a leadership review in 2014 in which her leadership would be voted on, but not a full party convention.
June 16, 2014: Citing a "significant and challenging family matter," Frank Coleman announces his withdrawal from the Progressive Conservative leadership race. As the only candidate left in the race, Coleman was to officially become Progressive Conservative leader at the party's convention on July 5, 2014. Following his withdrawal, Premier Tom Marshall announced that a convention would likely be postponed until after Labour Day.