4 Deserts

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4 Deserts Race Series and Roving Race Series
4 Deserts Logo.jpg
The company logo of 4 Deserts Race Series and Roving Race.
Genre Rough country endurance footrace
Begins March
Ends December
Frequency Annual
Location(s) Chile, China, Egypt, Antarctica
Years active 13
Attendance Max 200 competitors
Website
www.4deserts.com

The 4 Deserts Race Series is an annual series of four 250-kilometer (155-mile) races across deserts around the globe. The races were recognized as the world's leading endurance footrace series by TIME magazine in 2009 and 2010,[1] and by others[who?] as the "Ultimate test of human endurance".[2] The series was founded by American Mary K Gadams who founded RacingThePlanet in 2002.

The Gobi March, the series' inaugural race, was held in the Gobi Desert of western China in 2003. Over the following three years, an additional race was introduced in a new location each year. In 2004, the Atacama Crossing was held in the Atacama Desert of Chile. This was followed by the Sahara Race in the Sahara Desert of Egypt in 2005. In 2006 a fourth race, called The Last Desert, took place in Antarctica and was the first year in which all 4 Deserts races were held in the same calendar year.

Competitors can enter any of the individual multiday races within the 4 Deserts Race Series, but if they wish to take part in The Last Desert (Antarctica) they must successfully finish at least two of the other races in the series.

To date, more than fifty races have been staged with more than 7,000 individuals representing 100+ countries in the races. Many participants return to compete in additional events, and there is a growing list of members in the 4 Deserts Club and 4 Deserts Grand Slam Club.

In 2013, a documentary film about 4 Deserts was released. Desert Runners, directed by Jennifer Steinman, follows four participants as they attempt to complete the series in 2010. The Desert Runners documentary received many film awards.

4 Deserts Race Series[edit]

The events that combine to make the 4 Deserts Race Series are:

Atacama Crossing (Chile)[edit]

View from the Atacama Crossing 2011.
The brutal Atacama salt flats.

The Atacama Crossing crosses Chile’s brutal Atacama Desert, the driest place on Earth.[3] The Atacama Desert has a unique landscape of salt lakes, volcanoes, lava flows and sand dunes. Moreover, owing to its otherworldly appearance, the landscape has been compared to that of Mars[4][5] and has been used as a location for filming Mars scenes, most notably in the television series Space Odyssey: Voyage to the Planets.

The Atacama Crossing is gruelling because of its terrain, harsh climate and altitude that averages 2,500 meters (8,000 feet) during the race. The race typically begins at its highest point of more than 3,000 meters in the Arcoiris Valley.

San Pedro de Atacama is the host town of the Atacama Crossing.

Gobi March (China)[edit]

The race takes place in various locations around the Chinese area of the Gobi Desert, and is usually held in June. in 2012 it took place around the region of Kashgar within sight of the Pamir Mountains to the west visiting such landmarks as Heaven's Gate. 2013 will be the 10th edition of the Gobi March and a brand new course is being planned.

The Gobi March's challenges include the changes in temperature from the cool highlands to the oppressive heat in sand dunes, the complete lack of shade, potential sandstorms and variety of terrain – soft sand-dunes, rocky tracks, steep hills, ridges and riverbeds.

A Shanghai-based competitor died of heatstroke after competing in the 2010 Gobi March. His brother (who was not at the race) claimed Racing the Planet was "reckless" to set such a course for non-professional athletes, and ill-prepared.[6]

Sahara Race (Egypt)[edit]

The Sahara segment takes place, usually in October, in the hottest desert in the world. Competitors have to contend with a variety of terrains, both rock and sand, but will face endless miles of sand dunes up to 122 metres (400 feet) high. Daytime temperatures reach 50 °C.

In 2012 the race will take place for the third time in the Western Desert around the region around Al Fayuum, Wadi El-Rayan Protected Area and The Valley of the Whales or Wadi Al-Hitan, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Due to political unrest the 2014 edition of the race was moved to Jordan where it crossed four deserts; Wadi Rum, Kharaza, Humaima and Wadi Araba before finishing in the ancient city of Petra

The Last Desert (Antarctica)[edit]

The race uses a polar expedition ship as its base, traveling to the different course locations on the Antarctic Peninsula and offshore islands based on the prevailing sea and weather conditions, with competitors transferred from ship to shore by zodiacs. Since 2010, this segment has been held biennially to minimise its environmental impact, and usually takes place around the end of November.

The unique challenges of The Last Desert (Antarctica) include having to cope with the severity of the weather conditions that can include gale force blizzards and temperatures down to −20 °C (4 °F). Competitors also have to deal with the unpredictability of daily stage lengths and start-times, as the prevailing environmental conditions dictate where and when stages might begin.

Fifteen individuals from around the world completed the inaugural event in 2006 becoming the first in the world to complete a 250 km footrace on the Antarctic continent. The Last Desert 2010 took place in November of that year in King George Island, Deception Island, and Dorian Bay. The Last Desert 2010 was featured 3 times on IMG's Transworld Sport.

Roving Race Series[edit]

The Roving Race Series was introduced in 2008 as the 4 Deserts saw a desire for multi-day, multi-stage races in new countries. The concept was to supplement with 4 Deserts Race Series with one-off races in new locations each year. These locations did not have to be deserts, but it was preferred that they would retain some of the most desirable elements of the races in the original series including locations that were off the beaten track and where beautiful, cultural and physically challenging courses could be set. So far, Roving Races have been held in Vietnam (2008), Namibia (2009), Australia (2010), Nepal (2011), Jordan (2012), Iceland (2013) and Madagascar (2014). The next Roving Races are planned for Ecuador (2015) and Sri Lanka (2016).

Event format[edit]

The 250-kilometer (155-mile) races take place over seven days and six stages. A campsite is raised each night for competitors where they are provided with a place in a tent to sleep, access to hot water, a campfire, medical assistance and the CyberTent where they can view and send messages to family and friends and update their race blog.

Competitors race from campsite to campsite each day following marker flags that have been planted the preceding day. They must pass through a series of checkpoints where they collect drinking water and can seek medical treatment.

Other than the access to the services described competitors must race completely self-supported, carrying all their food, supplies and equipment for the week. Each competitor must carry a selection of mandatory items at all times to help ensure their safety out on course.

Competitors must start each stage at the appointed time and on certain stages cut-off times are set which racers must meet in order to remain active in the event.

The results of the race are based on the cumulative time taken for the competitor to complete all the stages, and a competitor must successfully pass through every checkpoint in order to collect a finisher's medal.

Should a competitor withdraw from a particular stage, they may not continue in the race.

Charitable causes[edit]

About 50% of competitors choose to support causes when racing at the 4 Deserts.[citation needed]

Because of the remote locations of many of the races RacingThePlanet choose to support a specific charity at almost every event, that provides support to the local community in which the event takes place. The company has a long running partnership with Operation Smile,[7] and has raised over US$500,000 for the charity for projects in Vietnam, China and Egypt, often funding missions and surgeries in the local communities through which competitors race.[8][9]

The company has donated books and sports equipment to schools in Xinjiang province where the Gobi March is held through the Esquel Y. L. Yang Education Fund who they have also supported for a number of years.[10]

In 2008, the Gobi March took place just one month after the devastating earthquake in Sichuan Province on 12 May, so that year RacingThePlanet put together a special auction whereby friends and families of competitors could bid to buy a hot shower for three competitors at the end of the 90 km Stage 5 of the event. An unheard of and never-to-be-repeated luxury. The auction raised almost US$30,000 for the Red Cross disaster fund.[11]

Again in 2010 another earthquake affected a country that plays host to a 4 Deserts race. The Chilean earthquake of 27 February occurred just one week before the start of the Atacama Crossing. RacingThePlanet and the community of competitors and friends raised US$15,000 for Habitat for Humanity in the weeks to follow.[12]

4 Deserts Champions[edit]

4 Deserts Champions are crowned in the male and female categories at the end of every edition of The Last Desert (Antarctica). Since 2010, champions have been recognized in an official Awards Ceremony at the conclusion of the Antarctic race; champions from previous years have been crowned retrospectively.

4 Deserts Champions are determined by adding the finishing rankings of every The Last Desert competitor over each of the four races in the series. For this reason, only 4 Deserts Club members are eligible for the award. The lowest aggregate score in the male and female categories is named a 4 Deserts Champion.

In 2010, Ryan Sandes of South Africa recorded the lowest and unbeatable aggregate score of 4 points as he had won each of the 4 Deserts races he had entered.[13] In 2012, Spanish racer Vicente Juan Garcia Beneito and German competitor Anne-Marie Flammersfeld repeated this feat by winning all four races in the same calendar year and qualifying for the 4 Deserts Grand Slam.

4 Deserts Champions:

2014

Male: José Manuel Martínez Fernandez (Spain)

Female: Isis Breiter (Mexico)

2012

Male: Vicente Juan Garcia Beneito (Spain)

Female: Anne-Marie Flammersfeld (Germany)

2010

Male: Ryan Sandes (South Africa)[14]

Female: Mirjana Pellizzer (Croatia)

2008

Male: Dean Karnazes (United States)

Female: Laura Corti (Italy)

2007

Male: Francesco Galanzino (Italy)

Female: none

2006

Male: Yi Chieh (Kevin) Lin (Taiwan)

Female: Lisanne Dorian (United States)

4 Deserts Club[edit]

The 4 Deserts Club recognizes competitors who have completed all four races in the 4 Deserts Race Series.

As of May 2015, there are 171 members representing 35 nationalities in the 4 Deserts Club. Nationalities represented include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Cyprus, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea (South), Lebanon, Luxembourg, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey and the United States.

4 Deserts Club Members:

2014

Juan Carlos Albarran (Spain), Frederic Asseline (France), Asger Bech-Thomsen (Denmark), Paul Borlinha (Canada), Isis Breiter (Mexico), Chris Calimano (United States), Beatriz Camiade (Mexico), Olle Chen (Taiwan), Yao Chen (Taiwan), George Chmiel (United States), Arthur Chu (Philippines), Stefan Danis (Canada), Juan Ferrero (Argentina), Brett Foote (Australia), Beatriz Garcia Berche (Spain), Michael Gilgen (Switzerland), Jose Luis Gomez Alciturri (Spain), Andrzej Gondek (Poland), Belinda Holdsworth (United Kingdom), Kyungpyo Hong (South Korea), Shing Hing Hung (Hong Kong), Linh Huynh (Canada), Feibao Jin (China), Jagdeep Kairon (India), Tomotaka Kamei (Japan), Miki Komaba (Japan), Sanya Kongmunvattana (Thailand), Gibeum Lee (South Korea), Daniel Lewczuk (Poland), Andres Lledo Lopez (Spain), Jose Manuel Martinez Fernandez (Spain), Matthew McLellan (Australia), Raul Narvaez (Chile), Kozo Niidome (Japan), Takashi Okada (Japan), Atul Patki (India), Inia Raumati (New Zealand), Yoshihiro Sato (Japan), Shui Fuk Sin (Hong Kong), Francisco Somoza (Argentina), Megan Stewart (New Zealand), Rob Trepa (United States), Richard Wang (Hong Kong), Shigeru Watanabe (Japan), Marek Wikiera (Poland), Bo Xing (China)

2012

Vincent Antunez (United States), Jess Baker (Australia), Cécile Bertin (France), Annabell Chartres (New Zealand), Gyouyoung Choi (South Korea), William Coffey (Ireland), Christian Colque (Argentina), Alper Dalkilic (Turkey), Greg Donovan (Australia), Matthew Donovan (Australia), Jeison Duarte da Costa (Brazil), Fergus Edwards (Scotland), Guy Evans (United Kingdom), Anne-Marie Flammersfeld (Germany), Vicente Juan Garcia Beneito (Spain), James Gaston (United States), Tara Gaston (United States), Roger Hanney (Australia), Nahila Hernandez San Juan (Mexico), Kate Hogan (United Kingdom), Mie Iida (Japan), Michelle Kakade (India), Ali Kedami (Lebanon), Sanghyeon Kim (South Korea), Dan Leiner (Luxembourg), Kumi Murakami (Japan), Garry Prendiville (Australia), Luigi Santaguida (Canada), Ron Schwebel (Australia), Peter Sexton (United Kingdom), Seiji Shishido (Japan), Simon Southgate (United Kingdom), Leonard Stanmore (Canada), Shayne Stoik (Canada), Colin Suckling (Australia), Sandy Suckling (Australia), Jacqueline Terto (Brazil), Olivier Thiriet (France), Charl Van Der Walt (South Africa), Seung Chul Youn (South Korea)

2011

Diego Carvajal (United Kingdom), Devrim Celal (Cyprus), Thaddeus Lawrence (Singapore), Mayuko Okabe (Japan), Lucy Tang (United Kingdom), Alain Wehbi (Lebanon)

2010

Paul Acheson (United Kingdom), David Annandale (United Kingdom), Simone Bishop (South Africa), Raffaele Brattoli (Italy), Helen Carter (United Kingdom), Eric Chang (Hong Kong), Robert Coyne (United States), Alexandre de Gouyon Matignon (France), Kimberly Dods (South Africa), Jacqueline Eastridge (United States), Gunnar Faehn (Norway), Emanuelle Gallo (Italy), Samantha Gash (Australia), Shane Knowler (New Zealand), Stan Lee (Canada), Maria Luisa Malvestiti (Italy), Michael McKerrow (United Kingdom), Robyn Metcalfe (United States), Ashkan Mokhtari (Iran), Terumasa Mori (Japan), David O'Brien (Ireland), Rory O'Connor (Ireland), Ricky Paugh (United States), Mirjana Pellizzer (Italy), Linda Quirk (United States), Lucy Rivers Bulkeley (United Kingdom), Ryan Sandes (South Africa), Paul Skipworth (United Kingdom), David Smale (United Kingdom), Greg Tamblyn (Australia), Philip Tye (United Kingdom), Marco Vola (Italy), Neil Wilkie (United Kingdom)

2009

Peter Bocquet (Australia), Carlos Dias (Brazil), James Elson (United Kingdom), Frank Fumich (United States)

2008

John Barratt (Canada), Nicola Benetti (Italy), Mark Bishop (South Africa), Tony Brammer (United Kingdom), Laura Corti (Italy), Carlos Garcia Prieto (Spain), Evgeniy Gorkov (Russia), Dean Karnazes (United States), Hyo Jung Kim (South Korea), Kah Shin Leow (Singapore), Paul Liebenberg (Australia), Harold Roberts (United Kingdom), Martyn Sawyer (United Kingdom), Kyung Tae Song (South Korea), Peter Wilson (Australia)

2007

Byeung Sik Ahn (South Korea), Alexander Bellingham (United Kingdom), Francesco Gian Galanzino (Italy), Jacob Hastrup (Denmark), Joseph Holland (Canada), Yoshiaki Ishihara (Japan), Kazuo Isomura (Japan), Sung Kwan Kim (South Korea), Dong Uk Lee (South Korea), Moo Woong Lee (South Korea), Thomas Roende (Denmark), Ji Sung Yoo (South Korea)

2006

Joel Burrows (United States), Vincent Carroll (Ireland), Matthew Chapman (Australia), Lisanne Dorion (United States), Nancy Fudacz-Burrows (United States), Masashi Hayakawa (Japan), David Kuhnau (United States), Derek Kwik (Hong Kong), Kevin Lin (Taiwan), Alasdair Morrison (Scotland), Gunnar Nilsson (Norway), Satoru Otsuka (Japan), Scott Smith (United States), Chuck Walker (United Kingdom), Brent Weigner (United States)

4 Deserts Grand Slam[edit]

The 4 Deserts Grand Slam has been so named by competitors attempting to complete all the events in the 4 Deserts Race Series in one calendar year.

The first Grand Slam was first attempted in 2008 when five competitors set out to complete the task and two were ultimately successful. The first two competitors to be named Grand Slammers were famed endurance athlete Dean Karnazes of the United States and Paul Liebenberg of South Africa.[15] In 2010, fourteen competitors attempted to complete the feat and nine, including the first three women, were successful. The Grand Slam has become increasingly popular in the years in which all 4 Deserts take place.

4 Deserts Grand Slammers:

2014

Juan Carlos Albarran (Spain), Asger Bech-Thomsen (Denmark), Paul Borlinha (Canada), Isis Breiter (Mexico), Chris Calimano (United States), Arthur Chu (Philippines), Brett Foote (Australia), Michael Gilgen (Switzerland), Jose Luis Gomez Alciturri (Spain), Andrzej Gondek (Poland), Kyungpyo Hong (South Korea), Linh Huynh (Canada), Daniel Lewczuk (Poland), Andres Lledo Lopez (Spain), Jose Manuel Martinez Fernandez (Spain), Atul Patki (India), Inia Raumati (New Zealand), Rob Trepa (United States), Marek Wikiera (Poland)

2012

Jess Baker (Australia), Cécile Bertin (France), Gyouyoung Choi (South Korea), Christian Colque (Argentina), Alper Dalkilic (Turkey), Greg Donovan (Australia), Matthew Donovan (Australia), Jeison Duarte da Costa (Brazil), Anne-Marie Flammersfeld (Germany), Vicente Juan Garcia Beneito (Spain), James Gaston (United States), Tara Gaston (United States), Roger Hanney (Australia), Sanghyeon Kim (South Korea), Dan Leiner (Luxembourg), Ron Schwebel (Australia), Shayne Stoik (Canada), Seung Chul Youn (South Korea)

2010

Paul Acheson (England), Samantha Gash (Australia), Peter Jong (Australia), Stan Lee (Canada), Terumasa Mori (Japan), David O'Brien (Ireland), Linda Quirk (United States) Lucy Rivers-Bulkeley (England),[16] Philip Tye (England)

2008

Dean Karnazes (United States), Paul Liebenberg (South Africa)

Individual race results[edit]

Times are shown in hours:minutes:seconds

Atacama Crossing (Chile)[edit]

Year Men's Winner Winning Time Women's Winner Winning Time
2014[17] José Manuel Martínez Fernandez, Spain 25:57:58 Emily Woodland, England 34:18:39
2013 Daniel Rowland, Zimbabwe 26:17:51 Rebecca Pattinson, England 35:38:09
2012 Vicente Juan Garcia Beneito, Spain 23:46:51 Anne-Marie Flammersfeld, Germany 29:49:53
2011 Anders Jensen, Denmark 30:49:05 Nahila Hernandez San Juan, Mexico 38:16:25
2010 Ryan Sandes, South Africa 23:58:39 Joanna Zakrzewski, England 33:37:30
2009 Mehmet Danis, Canada 31:56:27 Fleur Grose, Australia 37:31:54
2008 Dean Karnazes, United States 31:49:44 Mimi Anderson, United States 43:15:16
2007 Robert Jarvis, New Zealand 35:12:09 Emma Dawber, England 47:09:35
2006 Mark Tamminga, Canada 32:16:06 Sandra McCallum, Canada 44:14:38
2004 Yi Chieh (Kevin) Lin, Taiwan 27:36:29 Lisanne Dorion, United States 41:04:37

Gobi March (China)[edit]

Year Men's Winner Winning Time Women's Winner Winning Time
2014 José Manuel Martínez Fernandez, Spain 25:56:34 Isis Breiter, Mexico 37:02:06
2013 Stefano Gregoretti, Italy 27:09:28 Shiri Leventhal, United States 31:34:55
2012 Vicente Juan Garcia Beneito, Spain 23:12:33 Anne-Marie Flammersfeld, Germany 27:53:21
2011 Damon Goerke, Australia 26:28:39 Jennifer Madz, Australia 34:41:19
2010 Dan Parr, England 24:53:36 Denvy Lo, Singapore 33:25:49
2009 Eric LaHaie, United States 26:43:50 Diana Hogan-Murphy, Ireland 36:26:25
2008 Ryan Sandes, South Africa 24:38:20 Lia Farley, United States 32:09:35
2007 Mark Tamminga, Canada 29:06:55 Lucy Brooks, England 29:09:05
2006 Byeung Sik Ahn, Taiwan 27:46:41 Kazuko Kaihata, Japan 33:00:16
2005 Evgeniy Gorkov, Russia 35:43:14 Lisanne Dorion, United States 42:00:55
2003 Charles Engle Jr, United States 30:58:22 Ms Aletengtya, China 48:25:37

Sahara Race (Egypt)[edit]

Year Men's Winner Winning Time Women's Winner Winning Time
2014 Salameh Al Aqra, Jordan 22:44:09 Sandy Suckling, Australia 31:29:00
2012 Vicente Juan Garcia Beneito, Spain 25:36:12[18] Anne-Marie Flammersfeld, Germany 30:48:33[18]
2011 Dan Parr, England 25:13:22 Sophie Collett, England 38:02:26
2010 Anders Jensen, Denmark 26:56:28 Katia Figini, Italy 32:03:29
2009 Paolo Barghini, Italy 28:14:38 Erica Terblanche, South Africa 38:15:02
2008 Ryan Sandes, South Africa 27:09:17 Nina Breith, Germany 32:50:37
2007 Andrew Murray, Scotland 30:11:44 Sandy McCallum, Canada 39:55:24
2006 Jimmi Olsen, Denmark 26:55:04 Claire Price, England 32:58:00
2005 Ray Zahab, Canada 26:24:45 Theresa Schneider, United States 32:18:54

Last Desert (Antarctica)[edit]

Overall results are calculated differently for The Last Desert (Antarctica) as weather and sea conditions make it difficult to cover a full 250 kilometers. In these cases, overall rankings are based on total distance covered rather than overall time.

Year Men's Winner Winning Distance Women's Winner Winning Distance
2014[19] José Manuel Martínez Fernandez, Spain 163.30 km Isis Breiter, Mexico 121.60 km
2012 Vicente Juan Garcia Beneito, Spain 200.35 km Anne-Marie Flammersfeld, Germany 186.95 km
2010 Ryan Sandes, South Africa 230.50 km Diana Hogan-Murphy, Ireland 165.00 km
2008 Paul Liebenberg, South Africa 76.98 km Louise Cooper, United States 59.68 km
2007 Joseph Holland, United States 133.60 km
2006 Scott Smith, United States 29:06:37 Lisanne Dorian, United States 35:35:40

Roving Races[edit]

Year Location Men's Winner Winning Time Women's Winner Winning Time
2014 Madagascar Ryan Sandes, South Africa 22:46:42 Maki Izuchi Suban, Japan 32:35:38
2013 Iceland Mo Foustok, Saudi Arabia 23:04:08 Lia Farley, United States 27:12:26
2012 Jordan Paolo Barghini, Italy 27:11:03 Katia Figini, Italy 29:37:03
2011 Nepal Ryan Sandes, South Africa 25:15:25 Stephanie Case, Canada 30:15:09
2010 Australia Salvador Calvo Redondo, Spain 31:25:00 Lia Farley, United States 32:34:18
2009 Namibia Salvador Calvo Redondo, Spain 25:47:32 Lucy Hilton, England 29:17:45
2008 Vietnam Salvador Calvo Redondo, Spain 28:17:50 Stephanie Case, Canada 32:53:22

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Top 10 Endurance Competitions". TIME. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  2. ^ "Off Limits" (PDF). Men's Health. 
  3. ^ Vesilind, Priit J. (August 2003). "The Driest Place on Earth". National Geographic Magazine. Retrieved 3 January 2014.  (Excerpt)
  4. ^ Navarro-Gonzalez, Rafael (7 November 2003). "Mars-Like Soils in the Atacama Desert, Chile, and the Dry Limit of Microbial Life". Science 302: 1018–1021. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "The Atacama Desert of Northern Chile". Sally Ride EarthKAM. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  6. ^ O'Brien, Amanda (9 September 2011). "Extreme race firm 'reckless in past'". The Australian. 
  7. ^ 4 Deserts. 4 Deserts. Retrieved on 2011-10-09.
  8. ^ Sahara Race (Egypt) 2011 Official Website. 4deserts.com (2011-10-02). Retrieved on 2011-10-09.
  9. ^ 4 Deserts. 4 Deserts. Retrieved on 2011-10-09.
  10. ^ Gobi March (China) 2011 Official Website. 4deserts.com (2011-10-02). Retrieved on 2011-10-09.
  11. ^ 4 Deserts. 4 Deserts. Retrieved on 2011-10-09.
  12. ^ 4 Deserts. 4 Deserts. Retrieved on 2011-10-09.
  13. ^ iafrica.com | sport | video | Sandes makes history. Sport.iafrica.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-09.
  14. ^ "The Last Desert" (PDF). Sports Illustrated. 
  15. ^ Hamlyn, Alexandra (31 July 2008). "The Long March". Time. 
  16. ^ "Gloucestershire fund-raiser wins award for her efforts". BBC. 11 February 2011. 
  17. ^ 4 Deserts Race Series. "Jose Manuel "Chema" Martinez Fernandez and Emily Woodland Win Atacama Crossing 2014". 
  18. ^ a b "Vicente Juan Garcia Beneito and Anne-Marie Flammersfeld Gain Extraordinary Victories at the Sahara Race 2012" (Press release). RacingThePlanet. 3 Nov 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  19. ^ 4 Deserts Race Series. "The Last Desert 2014 Makes History" (PDF). 

External links[edit]