4 Gorkha Rifles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
4 Gorkha Rifles
4 Gorkha Rifles.png
1950–1988
Active

1857–Present

 India 1947–Present
Branch Army
Type Rifles
Role Light Infantry
Size Five battalions
Regimental Centre Bakloh, Dharamshala, Chakrata. Presently, Subathu, Himachal Pradesh
Patron Colonel of the Regiment Lt Gen CA Krishnan, AVSM
Motto Kayar Hunu Bhanda Marnu Ramro (Better to die than live like a coward)
Colors Rifle Green; faced black and Red
March 'Barde Jaun' (Onwards.. Advance.. Sons of Balla Bhadra)
War Cry – Jai Maha Kali, Ayo Gorkhali (Hail, Goddess Kali, The Gorkhas are here)
Anniversaries Regimental Day (11 March)
Decorations

1858–1946:Victoria Cross1, Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire 1, Distinguished Service Order 10, Order of the British Empire 1, Bar to DSO 1, Military Cross 24, 1 Bar to MC, 1 MBE, 1 French Legion of Honour, 96 Mention in Despatches, 9 Order of British India, 15 Indian Order of Merit, 6 IDM, 42 Indian Distinguished Service Medal, 1 Croix De Guerre, 11 Médaille militaire, 1 Bronze Medal for Military Valour, 1 Medal of Saint George, 2 Star of Nepal

1947–Present:3 Param Vishisht Seva Medal, 1 Maha Vir Chakra, 1 Kirti Chakra, 3 Ati Vishishtha Seva Medal, 5 Vir Chakra, 2 Shaurya Chakra, 1 Yudh Seva Medal, 24 Sena Medals, 6 Vishisht Seva Medalsl,9 Mention in Dispatches, 40 Commendation cards.
Battle honours

1866–1914:Ali Masjid, Kabul 1879 and Kandahar 1880, Afghanistan 1878–80, Chitral Campaign, Waziristan Campaign 1895, Tirah Campaign, Punjab Frontier, Boxer Rebellion, China 1900[1]

World War I:[1] Givenchy 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Ypres 1915, St. Julien, Aubers, Festubert 1915, France and Flanders 1914–15, Egypt 1916, Tigris 1916, Kut al Amara 1917, Baghdad, Mesopotamia 1916–18, Gallipoli 1915, N.W. Frontier India 1917, Baluchistan 1918. 1919–39: Afghanistan 1919. World War II[1] Iraq 1941, Syria 1941, The Cauldron, North Africa 1940–43, Trestina, Monte Cedrone, Italy 1943–45 Burma 1942–45, Pegu 1942, Chindits 1944, Bishenpur, Shwebo, Mandalay.

1947–Present: Punch, Gurais and Bilafond La

Theatre Honours: Punjab 1965, Jammu and Kashmir 1971
Insignia
Regimental Insignia A pair of crossed Khukris with the Roman numeral IV below,and Ashoka on top.
Tartan Government (1st Bn pipers plaids and pipe bags)
Mackenzie HLI (2nd Bn pipers plaids and pipe bags)

The 4 Gorkha Rifles (GR), abbreviated as 4 GR, is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Indian and Nepalese nationality. The Fourth Gorkha Rifles has five infantry battalions. The regiment was raised in 1857 as part of the British Indian Army. In 1947, after India's independence, the Fourth Gorkhas became part of the Indian Army.

The regiment has seen action in wars in Africa, Europe and Asia, including the Second Afghan War, the Boxer Rebellion (China), World War I, and World War II. After Independence, the regiment has participated in the India-Pakistan Wars of 1947–48, 1965, 1971, 1987, and 1999, and in 1962 Sino-Indian conflict. The Regiment has also participated in UN Peace-keeping Missions.[2]

History[edit]

In 1857, in the wake of the 1857 rebellion, an Extra Goorkha Regiment, was raised at Pithoragarh, (Uttar Pradesh), as part of the old Indian army, and was briefly known as 19th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry. Following the decision in 1861, to number the Goorkha Regiments sequentially, in order of raising, the Regiment was designated as the 4th Goorkha Regiment. In 1924, the regiment was honored with Royal connection; it become the 4th Prince of Wales' Own (PWO) Gurkha Rifles, and Edward Albert, the Prince of Wales, later the lovelorn King Edward VIII, was appointed as Colonel-in-Chief. In 1950, after India become a republic, the appellation PWO was discarded.

In 1866, the then Government acquired Bakloh, as Goorkha Cantonment for the 4th Goorkha Regiment and Balun, Dalhousie Cantonment,as cantonment for British troops, along with a sliver of territory to connect the two cantonments, from the Raja of Chamba for a sum of rupees 5000. Bakloh, a hill station, remained the home, and the Regimental Center and Depot, of the 4th Gurkha Rifles, for 82 years, from 1866 to 1948.[3][4]

1857–1914[edit]

Between 1857 and 1914, the regiment saw action in small wars, in India's North East, in the Lushai Hills, present day Mizoram, and along India's North-West Frontier, including during the Second Afghan War. In 1900 the Regiment formed part of the Expeditionary Force deployed to China in response to the Boxer Rebellion.

In 1903, in Somalia, during the Third Somaliland Campaign, Captain William George Walker, a Regimental officer, on deputation with Somali Camel Corps, became the first person from the regiment to be awarded the Victoria Cross, for risking his life to save the life of another officer.[5]

World War I[edit]

Soon after the start of World War I, the 1st Battalion 4th Gurkha Rifles (1/4 GR), was deployed to France, as part of Sirhind Brigade, the 3rd (Lahore) Division, Indian Corps, to form part of Indian Expeditionary Force A, to reinforce British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in France. The orbat of Sirhind Brigade, included two British infantry battalions, and two Indian Battalions, the 1/1st Gurkha Rifles and 1/4th Gurkha Rifles. The battalion arrived at Marseilles from Egypt on 30 November, and was hurriedly deployed to the front in December 1914.[6] As a part of the Sirhind brigade, 1/4 GR GR saw action in the battles of Givenchy, Neuve Chapelle and Ypres, in France. In April 1916 the 3rd (Lahore) Division was deployed to Mesopotamia.[6]

World War I: 1/4th GR at kit inspection showing kukris, 24 Jul 1915, in France.

The 2nd Battalion 4th Gurkha Rifles (2/4) saw service in Mesopotamia, present day Iraq.

3rd Battalion, 4th Gurkha Rifles (3/4 GR), was ordered to be raised during the war; but due to a clerical error the 4th Battalion, 3rd Gurkha Rifles (4/3) was raised. 3/4 GR was eventual raised in World War II, in Bakloh, on 1 October 1940.[7]

World War II[edit]

During World War II, the third and fourth battalions (3/4 GR and 4/4 GR) were raised in Bakloh, on 15 November 1940 and on 15 March 1941 respectively.[8] The battalions of the regiment saw action in the Mediterranean, Middle East, North Africa, Italy, India's border areas in Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram, and the Far East.

Burma Campaign[edit]

During the Burma Campaign the first battalion (1/4 GR) formed part of 48 Infantry Brigade, which in turn was part of the 17th Indian Infantry Division. It took part in the Battle of Sittang Bridge in February 1942, and the retreat into India. During this period the battalion was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel "Joe" Lentaigne. In 1944 the battalion suffered very high casualties in the Battle of Imphal.

Soon after it was raised in October 1940, the third battalion (3/4 GR) was assigned to the 111th Indian Infantry Brigade. This brigade was part of the Chindits and was commanded by "Joe" Lentaigne, who had been promoted to Brigadier. It took part in the in the Second Chindit Expedition, Operation Thursday, in 1944. When Major General Orde Wingate, the overall commander of the Chindits, was killed in an air crash, Brigadier Lentaigne succeeded him. Major John Masters took command of the main body of 111 Brigade.

The fourth Battalion (4/4 GR) distinguished itself in the storming of Mandalay Hill in Burma, in 1945.

Iraq, Syria, and Italy[edit]

2/4 GR was the only Battalion of the 4 Gorkha Rifles that served in the Middle East and Europe. In the wake of the growing threats to Iraq following the fall of France, the battalion embarked from Karachi in May 1941. It disembarked in Shatt-Al-Arab, on 5 May 1941. In Iraq it formed part of 10 Indian Infantry Division, commanded by Maj Gen Bill Slim, later Field Marshal Slim. The battalion adjutant in Iraq was John Masters, who later won a Military Cross (MC), and Distinguished Service Order (DSO), in Burma, and after the war become a celebrated author. Except for the Commanding Officer and few field officers, all officers were Emergency Commissioned Officers. On 24 May, 1941, it participated in the operations to secure Basra, and areas north of Basra, along the west bank of River Euphrates, in a combined all arms, night assault. On 25 May, 1941, the battalion was air lifted to reinforce and secure Habbaniyanh, a RAF base, under threat from Iraqi ground troops and German aerial attacks from Luftwaffe, based in Mosul, and Baghdad.[9] In June 1941, after a successful campaign in Iraq, including securing of Haditha, the battalion was deployed in Syria, against the Vichy French army, and along the Syria _Turkish border. In Syria, it participated in operation to capture Deir ez-Zor, and in the occupation of Raffa, which has lately become best known as the epi-centre of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant operations. [10]

After the successful campaigns Iraq, Syria, along the Persian border, the battalion left Iraq by road for Palestine, to participate in the war in North Africa where it was overrun by two Bersaglieri battalions of the Italian Trento Division storming the fortress of Mersa Matruh on 29 June 1942. It was later rebuilt and deployed to Cyprus and subsequently fought in the Italian Campaign. [11][12]

Regiment in Books[edit]

A prominent figure who was part of the 4th Gurkha Rifles during the thirties and the Second World War was the author John Masters, who participated in operations on the North West Frontier, in Iraq, the Second Chindit Operation, the capture of Mandalay and at one point commanded the 3rd Battalion of the regiment. His autobiographical books Bugles and a Tiger and The Road past Mandalay,Pilgrim's Son portray life in the Indian Army and the 4th Gurkha Rifles during this period.[13]

Customs, traditions, and Regimental Arcana[edit]

The Regiment drills and standards are similar to British 'Greenjackets'. It marches 'quickstep' at 180 paces a minute, the only Indian Army regiment to do so. Commanders in 4th Gorkha Rifles, unlike other regiments in the Indian Army, but like some British Rifle Regiments, wear (a plain Black) Lanyard attached to a whistle over the Jersey. The intention of this arrangement is to facilitate use of the whistle with the left hand, while leaving the right hand free to use the sword. The uniform and insignia are Spartan; the regiment prides itself on its simplicity and disregard for pomp and ceremony.'4 GR', in black metal, is worn as regimental signage on the shoulder straps by all ranks.

The official, and correct, spelling of 'gorkha', since February 1949, is Gorkha, and not Gurkha, as the British still choose to spell it.[14]

Regimental Centre[edit]

The Regimental Center was formed on 15 November 1940 in Balkoh. The first commandant was Colonel TDC Owens, MC, who commanded the centre for five years during World War 2.[15] In 1947, just before independence, all Gorkha Regiments, including the 4th Gorkha Rifles (GR), received orders from the Commander in Chief of the Indian army, that Gorkha regiments which opt to remain with the Indian army, were to be transferred 'intact', including mess property and regimental funds. Many Gorkha Regiments, including 5 GR and 9 GR, did not comply with these instructions and transferred funds and properties to England before 15 August 1947.[16] 4 GR too managed to transfer part of the regiment funds before independence to England. These regimental funds were used to fund a corpus for a war memorial, for publishing volume 3 of the regimental history, and Rupees 8000, was used to transfer and install the memorial tablet in the St Oswald Church in Bakloh to England.[16]

The last British commandant of the Centre was Colonel RAN Davidson, formerly 2/4 GR, a bachelor who had spent much of World War II, as a Japanese POW. He had short tenure of 14 days, in which he managed to gain the affection and respect of the young officers. Colonel RAN Davidson was succeeded by Lt Colonel Rajbir Chopra, formerly of the Rajput Regiment, who became the first Indian commandant of the 4GRRC. Colonel Ran Davidson, continued as adviser till 27 March 1948. The Subedar Major of the 4GRRC in 1948 was SM Sher Jung, the previous SM Agam Gurung having been promoted as officer.[17]

In 1948 out of total of 50 officers posted to Gorkha Regiments from Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun, to make up for the departing British officers, 9 young officers were posted to 4GRRC, Bakloh. Of these 9 young officers (YOs), 6 remained with the regiment, the rest were posted to other regiments after a short stay at Bakloh. The YOs traveled to Bakloh on 4 January 1948, on the same day, as Colonel RAN Davidson, the new commandant of 4GRRC.[17]

In the wake of the Partition of India, in 1947, the 4th Gorkha Rifles (GR) Regimental Center and Depot, was shifted from Bakloh, first to Dharamshala, the Centre of the 1 Gorkha Rifles, and then to Chakrata, and finally to Sabathu, Shimla Hills, HP. In Sabathu the 4th Gorkha Rifles Centre was merged with the 1 Gorkha Rifles Centre to form the First and Fourth Gorkha Training Centre (14 GTC).[18][19]

Battalions of the Regiment[edit]

1/4 GR[edit]

First Battalion of the 4th Gorkha Rifles (1/4 GR), JETHI Paltan, was raised in Pithoragarh, Uttaranchal, in 1857. In 2002, it was awarded the COAS Unit Citation, for its performance in counter terrorism operations in Kupwara district, Kashmir. The Battalion was commended for neutralizing 94 Foreign Terrorists, in Tangdhar, Panzgam and Lolab. The Battalion suffered two fatal casualties, Capt Anirban Bandhyopadhyay and Nb Sub Deb Bahadur Thapa. They were posthumously awarded the Sena Medal and the Kirti Chakra respectively.

2/4 GR[edit]

Second Battalion of the 4th Gorkha Rifles (2/4 GR), Mainli Paltan, was raised in Bakloh, in 1886. In 1947–48 war, Operation Eraze, the spring offensive by Major General K S Thimayya, GOC 19 Infantry Division, in June–July, 1948, 2/4 GR and 1 Grenadiers, secured and drove the enemy out from areas Gurais and Kanzalwan, thus ending the threat to Srinagar, J and K, from the north.[20] 2/4 GR, in 1998–99, was deployed in UN Peace Keeping Mission, in Lebanon, as part of UNFIL, in area Ibl-al-Saqi along the Israel–Lebanon border in the Golan Heights.[2] 2/4 GR celebrated its 125 anniversary, or the Quasquicentennial anniversary, in Trivandrum, Kerala, 21–24 April 2011. The anniversary was attended among others by Major General BD Kale, former commanding officer of the battalion, and the President of the 4 GR Officer's Association.[21]

3/4 GR[edit]

Third Battalion of the 4th Gorkha Rifles (3/4 GR), Chindits, Sainli Paltan, was raised in the Leslie Lines, Bakloh, on 1 October 1940. The nucleus of the new battalion was formed by drafts of 3 officers and 200 men each from the First and the Second battalions. The remainder of the battalion was formed from recruits and 'recruit boys'. Soon after the raising the battalion moved into Tytler lines after the First battalion moved to Ambala. The Leslie lines were turned over for raising the Regimental Centre. The battalion held its first attestation parade on 15 March 1941. Soon after it was moved to Chaman, Baluchistan, now in Pakistan, to form part of the Khojak Brigade. It occupied defensive positions between Chitral and Duzdhap, on the India-Iran border, to meet threats from either Nazi Germany or USSR. In March 1944 the battalion was called to provide nucleus for the raising of the 4 th Battalion.[15] On 16 June the battalion was ordered to form part of 111 Indep Brigade, under Brigadier J Lentaigne, as part of the Chindit, which was being concentrated in the area of Saugor for training.[15] The third battalion has an enviable war record.In 1987, in Siachen, 3/4 GR, valiantly defended Bilafond La, at heights of nearly 20,000 feet (6,100 m), against Pakistan attacks.

4/4 GR[edit]

Forth Battalion of the 4th Gorkha Rifles (4/4 GR), the Kainli Paltan, also called Phor Phor, was first raised on 15 March 1941 in Bakloh. It like the third battalion was provided by drafts by the first and the second battalions. It composition on raising was half Gurung-Magar and half Limbu Rai. After six months in Bakloh, it was ordered to move to Ahmednagar to form part of 62 Brigade. During this period the battalion had no vehicles; it lacked even weapons and was far from ready for operational duties.[15] In World war it saw action in Burma; participating in the battle of Mandalay. After World War 2 it was disbanded in Dalhousie Cantonment (Tikka barracks), with a final farewell parade in the Regimental Centre, Bakloh, on 18 October 1946. In the nine and a half months campaign in Burma, 97 ( 4 Gurkha Officers and 93 other ranks) lost their lives and 298 were wounded ( 7 British officers, 5 Gurkha officers, and 286 other ranks). [15] It was re-raised in November 1962, in Bakloh, Himachal Pradesh, following the Chinese Aggression in 1962. It celebrated its Golden Jubilee at Dera Baba Nanak (DBN), Punjab, on 22–25 November 2011.[22]

5/4 GR[edit]

The 5th Battalion the 4th Gorkha Rifles, 5/4 GR, the kannchi Paltan, was raised on 1 January 1963, in the wake of the Chinese Invasion, by Lt Colonel Ranjit Singh Chandel, formerly of 1/4 GR, at Ambala Cantonment, Haryana, the sprawling cantonment town, north of Delhi. In 1988, 5/4 GR celebrated its Silver Jubilee in Naraina, Delhi Cantonment. On 19–21 October 2012, the Battalion, celebrated its Golden Jubilee, in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. The Golden Jubilee program included: Wreath Laying, Guard of Honor, and Sainik Sammelan, Barakhana and wreath laying. Over 200 Bhu Puus (bhut purva or former Ex Servicemen, in Nepalese), attended the jubilee with their wives, children, and grandchildren.[23]

Regimental Reunions[edit]

The 4th Gorkha Rifles organizes a Regimental reunion every four years, usually at Sabathu, the Regimental Centre of the First and 4th Gorkha Rifles. The Regimental centenary celebrations and reunion, was organized and hosted by 3/4 GR, in 1957, in Calcutta, West Bengal.[24]

Reunion, 1977[edit]

In 1977, the regimental reunion was held in Bakloh. It was hosted by 5/4 GR. The reunion was attended by large number of officers, Junior commissioned officers (JCOs) and men, including many Indian and British officers who had served in Bakloh, before the 4 GR Centre was shifted to Sabathu.[25]

Reunion, 2007[edit]

The Regiment celebrated its Sesquicentenary, the seventh regimental reunion, which coincided with the sesquicentennial celebrations of 1/4 GR, on 29 November – 2 December 2007, in Sabathu, HP.

Reunion, 2011[edit]

The preparation and planning for Reunion, 2011, started in November 2010, a year before it was held on 27–29 November 2011. The planners of Reunion, 2011, had projected an attendance of 250–300, based on attendance at previous regimental reunions. Eventually Reunion, 2011, was attended by 773 all ranks, including 107 from Nepal, and 10 from the UK (including dependents).[26]

The program for Reunion, 2011, included informal lunch, 'Reception' dinner, a sit down continental Reunion Dinner, Subedar Major's dinner for Junior Commissioned Officer's and families, Guard of Honor,wreath laying at the regimental war memorial, Sainik Sammelan, display by the pipes and drums, Puja in the 14 GTC Mandir, Pagal Gymkhana, release of first day cover, book release, toasts to the Regiment, group photograph outside Kennedy House, reminiscence, regimental gossip, and speeches.

Among those who made speeches were Major General PS Paul, the Colonel of the Regiment, Maj General, (Retd) BD Kale, President of the Officers Association, Brigadier Arvind G Kundalkar, SM, Centre Commandant, and Geoffery Lloyd, representative of the British Officers Association.[26]

During the release of the book Regimental customs, and traditions, Lt General (Retd) Vijay Madan, an authority on regimental arcana, and former Colonel of the Regiment, spotted errors of fact in the book. The offending error of fact was on page 114 of the book. The author of the Regimental Song was shown as Major (Retd) Nasir Hussain VSM, Officer in Charge of Military bands, in the Military Training Directorate of India, instead of Captain Babar Singh Thapa of 1/4 GR, the Battalion Madan had commanded. Major Nasir, the Madan pointed out, was not the author of the regimental song, but the music for the Regimental song, which makes the song and music such compelling march. The Regimental Song, was first rendered by Mr Karan Sundaram, an accomplished Karnāṭaka vocalist, and musician, at the Regimental Centenary, organized by 3/4 GR in Calcutta, in 1957.[26]

The reunion was big success, "every event" as one participant in the Reunion noted, "was Superb", "especially Symphony and Picnic!." Possibly because the reunion was so 'superb', it was expensive. The 14 GTC, the chief organizer and host of Reunion, 2011, hope to defray expenses for the next reunion by seeking contribution from sponsors (and, maybe, from those who attend).[27]

Regimental Day[edit]

The Regimental day of the 4th Gorkha Rifles is 11 March. It commemorates the 1st Battalion's action in the Battle of Neuve Chapelle in France and the 2nd Battalion's entry into Baghdad (albeit in different years), during World War I. On the occasion of the regimental day officers and men of the regiment exchange greeting, and meet over lunch or dinner. The main regimental day lunch for serving and retired officers is usually held at an officers mess, in Delhi cantonment. The luncheon is usually scheduled on the first holiday in the week of the regimental day(11 March). The Regimental day event is in addition to the annual luncheons hosted by the 14 Gorkha Training Centre, in October, for all 1 GR and 4 GR officers, and by the Gorkha Brigade, for officers of all the Gorkha Regiments, in February, in Delhi Cantonment. A report on the event is usually carried in the Newsletter.[28] In 2011, the main regimental day lunch was held in Noida, the burgeoning city East of Delhi, across the river Yamuna, in Uttar Pradesh, which has large concentration of senior 4 GR retired officers. Regimental day luncheons, on a smaller scale, are also organized in Pune, Mhow, and other towns.[28] In 2012, the combined 1 GR and 4GR lunch was held in Delhi Cantonment. It was attended by 85 officers and their families. During the event, the Colonel of the two regiments, presented an account of the activities of the two regiments.[29]

Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer' Association[edit]

The Forth Gorkha Rifles Officers' Association, is an association of serving and retired officers of the 4th Gorkha Rifles (4 GR), an infantry regiment of the Indian Army. The 4 GR has two Officers Associations: one in the India, and another in the United Kingdom (UK). The two officers associations have had, and continue to have, close relations.[30][31]

4 GR officers Association,UK[edit]

The officers association in the UK, known as the 4th Prince of Wales' (PWO) Gurkha Rifles Officers' Association, is an association of former British Officers of the 4GR. It is smaller than the main association in India; and is fast dwindling on account of age and attrition. The head of the British 4 GR officers Association is Dicky Day.[32] The British 4 GR officers Association,UK, in memory of its association with the 4 GR maintains the Gurkha Memorial Gardens, near the St Giles Church, in Stoke Poges, South Buckinghamshire district of Buckinghamshire, England.[32]

Relations between the Indian and British officers' Associations[edit]

The relations between the Indian and the UK 4 GR Officers associations have been, and remain, close and active. They exchange visits, letters, mementos, and memories. Indian officers on visit to the UK often visit Stoke Poges, meet old officers, and attend remembrance days. British officers, in turn, are often guest of the 4 Gorkha Rifles Officers Association, in India, and are invariably invited to attend Reunion and Jubilee celebrations.[30][33]

In 2011, Maj Geoffery Loyd, formerly 1/4 GR, attended the 125 year anniversary celebration of the 2/4 GR, in Trivandrum, Kerela, in April 2011, and the Reunion, 2011, 27–29 November 2011, in Sabathu, HP, along with a 10 British dependent 'members'. During the reunion Major Lloyd, laid wreath at the war memorial, made a speech, and presented 357 pounds to the '4GR welfare fund', on behalf of the British contingent, and before leaving told the President of the 4 GR Association that because of his age this would be his last visit to India.[31][34]

4 GR Officers Association, India[edit]

The Officers Association of 4 GR, in India, of which all serving and retired 4 GR officers are members, is called the Forth Gorkha Rifles Officers' Association. The head of the two associations, known as the President of the Forth Gorkha Rifles Association, is usually a senior retired officer of the Regiment, and often a former Colonel of the Regiment. He serves as a link between the British and the India 4 GR Associations.[34] The present President of the 4GR Officers association is Major General (Retired) B D Kale, formerly of 2/4 GR.[34]

Forth Gorkha Rifles Officers' Association Newsletters[edit]

The Officers Association of Forth Gorkha Rifles publishes an annual Newsletter (NL). The NL has been in print for the last 35 years. It is published with the assistance of 14 Gorkha Rifles Training Centre, Sabathu Cantonment. The NL has two sections: an English section, which is approximately 150–180 pages, and a Hindi and the Nepali language sections, which is about 30–40 pages.[35]

Editor and Publisher[edit]

The editor of the NL is chosen by consensus, from among volunteers retired officers of the regiment, and is appointed by the President of the 4 GR Association. Since the first issue of the NL, 35 years ago, the NL has had several editors. NL editors, who served for several years include, Brigadier (Retired) HS Sodhi, formerly of 4/4 GR, and Brigadier, (Retired), Prem K Gupta, formerly 5/4 GR. The current editor of the NL is Brigadier RPS Negi, Retired, formerly 1/4 GR. The editor of the NL is assisted by an editorial team, which includes a serving officer of the regiment usually posted at 14 Gorkha Training Centre, Sabathu.[35]

Contents[edit]

The NL has a standard layout and content list. It includes a 'President's Message', 'Colonel's Page', Editor's page, 'Secretary's note' News of veterans, 4 GR Battalions (1/4 GR, 2/4 GR, 3/4 GR, 4/4 GR, 5/4 GR and 15 RR), Gorkha Sabhas in Bakloh, and Dharamshala, reminiscences by retired and serving officers,obituaries, and articles by retired British officers of the 4GR.[35]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c John Parker (28 February 2013). The Gurkhas. Headline. ISBN 978-1-4722-0260-4. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Kesava Menon, Kesava (December 20, 2000). "Gorkhas stand tall even here". Hindu. 
  3. ^ Rose Hutchison (1 March 1998). Gazetteer of the Chamba State. Indus Publishing. ISBN 978-81-7387-041-5. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  4. ^ http://cbbakloh.org.in/
  5. ^ Parker 2005, p. 392.
  6. ^ a b "3rd (Lahore) Division," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=3rd_(Lahore)_Division&oldid=554417365 (accessed June 20, 2013).
  7. ^ A History of the 4th Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles, 1857–1948. W. Blackwood. 1952. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Thapal, Lt Col BK (2013). "Unforgettable Memories - Regimental home Bakloh Part 1". Fourth Gorkha Rifles Officers Association 36: 87–90. 
  9. ^ Col Mackay, JN, compilers, JN (1952). "II". In Lieutenant Colonel CG Borrowman, CG. History of the 4th Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles, 1938–1948, vol III (29-43 ed.). London: William Blackwood. p. 22-31. 350 copies issued 
  10. ^ Col Mackay, JN, compilers, JN (1952). "III". In Lieutenant Colonel CG Borrowman, CG. History of the 4th Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles, 1938–1948, vol III (29-43 ed.). London: William Blackwood. p. 32-45. 350 copies issued 
  11. ^ See http://www.comandosupremo.com/Mersa.html.
  12. ^ Col Mackay, JN, compilers, JN (1952). "II". In Lieutenant Colonel CG Borrowman, CG. History of the 4th Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles, 1938–1948, vol IV (29-43 ed.). London: William Blackwood. p. 46-70. 350 copies issued 
  13. ^ John Masters (2002). Bugles and a Tiger: My Life in the Gurkhas. Cassell & Company. ISBN 978-0-304-36156-4. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  14. ^ K. C. Praval (1990). Indian army after independence. Lancer International. p. 97. ISBN 978-81-7062-014-3. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c d e Mackay, JN (1963). A history of the 4th Prince of Wales's own Gurkha Rifles, Volume III, 1938-1948. Army Press, Dehra Dun, India. p. 369. 
  16. ^ a b Farwell, Byron (1990). The Gurkhas. New York:: W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 257–58. 
  17. ^ a b Sodhi, Brigadier, Retired, Harinder Singh (2008). Negi, Brigadier, Retired, RPS, ed. "The old order Changeth: From British to Indian Officer". Forth Gorkha Rifles Officers' Association, Newsletter, 31 (Sabathu: 14 GTC): 55–59. 
  18. ^ Sodhi, Brigadier, Retired, Harinder Singh (2011). Negi, Brigadier, Retired, RPS, ed. "Bakloh-New Look - Comments and Views". Forth Gorkha Rifles Officers' Association, Newsletter, 34 (Sabathu: 14 GTC): 105–06. 
  19. ^ Sodhi, Brigadier, Retired, Harinder Singh (2012). Negi, Brigadier, Retired, RPS, ed. "At Bakloh on Commissioning". Forth Gorkha Rifles Officers' Association, Newsletter, 35 (Sabathu: 14 GTC): 128–34. 
  20. ^ Singh, Rohit (Autumn 2012). "Operations in Jammu and Kashmir 1947-48". CLAWS: 130–158. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  21. ^ Banerjee, Major, Sayan (2012). "Quasquicentennial celebrations: Second Battalion|". In Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS. Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India (in English, Hindi, and Nepali) 35: 13–29.
  22. ^ Singh, Major, Abhishek (2012). "Forth Bn celebrates its Golden Jubilee". In Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS. Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India (in English, Hindi, and Nepali) 35: 29–35.
  23. ^ Mehta, Gp Capt. "Raising Day Golden Gorkhas". Sainik Samachar (New Delhi-110 011: Directorate of Public Relations, Ministry of Defence)
  24. ^ Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS, ed. (2012). "4 GR Reunion". Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India (in English, Hindi, and Nepali) 35: 38–49
  25. ^ Bowyer, Maj, Retd, Tony (2012). Forth Gorkha Rifle Officers Association 34: 50–58. 
  26. ^ a b c Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS, ed. (2012). "4GR Reunion 2011". Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India (in English, Hindi, and Nepali): 44. 
  27. ^ Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS, ed. (2012). "4GR Reunion 2011". Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India (in English, Hindi, and Nepali): 49. 
  28. ^ a b Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS, ed. (2011). "Pot Pourri". Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India (in English, Hindi, and Nepali) 34: 165.
  29. ^ Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS, ed. (2011). "Pot Pourri". Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India (in English, Hindi, and Nepali) 36: 164.
  30. ^ a b Bowyer, Maj, Retd, Tony (2011). Negi, Brigadier, retired, RPS, ed. "Return to Bakloh". Forth Gorkha Rifle Officers Association 34: 50–58. Reminiscence of former British officer of 4/4 GR of pre-independence Bakloh, and of the Reunion hosted by 5/4 GR, in Bakloh, in February 1977 
  31. ^ a b Lloyd, Maj, Retd, Geoffery (2012). Negi, Brigadier, retired, RPS, ed. "Second to None". Forth Gorkha Rifle Officers Association 35: 51–52. Former British officer of 1/4 GR 
  32. ^ a b Negi, Brig, Retd, RPS (2011). Negi, Brigadier, retired, RPS, ed. "The memorial Plaque and the Tej Sapru Khukri at Stoke Park Club". Forth Gorkha Rifle Officers Association 34: 64–66. 
  33. ^ Negi, Brig, Retd, RPS (2012). Negi, Brigadier, retired, RPS, ed. Forth Gorkha Rifle Officers Association 35: 8–9. Notes on the regimental reunion in 4/4 GR 
  34. ^ a b c Kale, Maj General, Retd, BD (2012). Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS, ed. "President's Message". Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India (in English, Hindi, and Nepali) 35: 1–2. 
  35. ^ a b c Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS, ed. (2011). Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India (in English, Hindi, and Nepali) 34: 10. 

References[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Sodhi, H S, Brig (Retd). Gupta, Prem K, Brig (Retd). History of the 4th Gorkha Rifles (Vol IV), 1947–1971 (Delhi, 1985). The authors of 'History of the 4the Gorkha Rifles,(Vol IV)' are senior retired officers of the Regiment. It is a reliable, and much vetted, source on the contemporary history of the Regiment and its five battalions.
  • Macdonell, Ronald & Marcus Macauley, compilers. History of the 4th Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles, 1857–1937, 1&2 vol. Illustrations by Lieutenant Colonel CG Borrowman. 1857–1948 Edinburgh and London: William. Blackwood, 1940. [250 copies issued].
  • Mackay, Col, JN, compilers. History of the 4th Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles, 1938–1948, vol III. Edited and Illustrated by Lieutenant Colonel CG Borrowman. London: William Blackwood, 1952. [350 copies issued]. These are sentimental Raj regimental histories. Despite the motivated historicity of the three volume History of the 4th Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles, these remain an excellent source on the history of Bakloh, the battalions of the Regiment, and on regimental life in the 4 Gorkha Rifles, from 1857 till 1948.
  • Parker, John. (2005). The Gurkhas: The Inside Story of the World's Most Feared Soldiers. Headline Book Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7553-1415-7.

Journals and Newsletters[edit]

  • Negi, Brig (Retd), RPS. ed. Forth Gorkha Rifles Officer's Association, Newsletter, India. Number 1-35, (in English, Hindi, and Nepali).

The Forth Gorkha Officers Association, Newsletters, is published annually. It has articles and reports on the activities and achievements of the units of the Regiment. It also includes news of the 4 GR pensioners and the Gorkha Sabha, the representative body of 4GR and other pensioners, in Bakloh, and Dharamshala.

External links[edit]