4th Alpini Parachutist Regiment

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
4º Reggimento Alpini Paracadutist
CoA mil ITA rgt alpini 004.png
Coat of Arms of the 4th Alpini Regiment
Active 1 Nov 1882 - 8 Sept 1943
1 Jan 1946 - 10 Oct 1975
25 Sept 2004 - today
Country Italy
Branch Italian Army
Type Alpini
Role Ranger - Parachutist
Size 1 Battalion
Monte Cervino Battalion
Part of 1st Alpine Division “Taurinense”
1935 - 1943
Taurinense Alpine Brigade
1946 - 1975
COMALP
2004 - today
Garrison/HQ Verona (VR)
Motto "In adversa ultra adversa"
Anniversaries 18 May 1917 - Battle of Monte Vodice
Engagements World War I
Battle of Monte Adamello
Battle of Monte Vodice
Battle of Monte Solarolo
Battle of Monte Grappa
Battle of Monte Nero
Battle of Monte Pasubio
Battle of Cosmagnon
World War II
Battle of Nikolayevka
War in Afghanistan
Decorations 1 Croce di Cavaliere dell'O.M.I.
2 Gold Medals of Military Valor
9 Silver Medals of Military Valor
1 Silver Medal for Civil Valour
Alpini of the 4th Alpini regiment in Afghanistan
Alpini of the 4th Alpini regiment abseiling from an AB205 helicopter during the Falzarego 2011 exercise

The 4th Alpini Parachutist Regiment (Italian: 4° Reggimento Alpini Paracadutisti) is a Ranger type infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. The Alpini are a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II. Today the 4th Alpini Regiment is a special operations unit specialized in the airborne assault role. The 4th Alpini Regiment is the highest decorated regiment of the Italian Army.

History[edit]

Formation[edit]

The 4th Alpini Regiment was formed on November 1, 1882. It consisted of the three battalions: Val Pellice, Val Chisone and Val Brenta, named after the valleys from which the battalions soldiers were recruited. In 1886 the battalions were renamed, taking their new names from the location of their main logistic depot: Pinerolo, Aosta and Ivrea. In 1888 the Pinerolo was subordinated to the 3rd Alpini Regiment and in exchange the Susa 2° battalion was transferred from the 3rd to the 4th Alpini. In 1908 the Susa returned to the 3rd Alpini and in the city of Intra the Pallanza battalion was raised as substitute, with existing companies from other Alpini battalions. In 1909 the Pallanza was renamed Intra battalion. Thus the regiments structure in 1910 was:

  • Nappina bianca.png Ivrea with the Alpini companies: 38, 39, 40
  • Nappina rossa.png Aosta with the Alpini companies: 41, 42, 43
  • Nappina verde.png Intra with the Alpini companies: 7 (former Aosta company), 24 (former Pinerolo company), 37 (former Ivrea company)

World War I[edit]

During World War I the regiment consisted of 10 battalions and saw heavy fighting in the Alps against Austria’s Kaiserjäger and Germany’s Alpenkorps. The battalions of the regiment in these days were (pre-war raised units in bold, followed by their first and second line reserve battalions):

  • Nappina bianca.png Ivrea, Val d'Orco, Monte Levanna, Pallanza
  • Nappina rossa.png Aosta, Val Baltea, Monte Cervino
  • Nappina verde.png Intra, Val Toce, Monte Rosa

The Aosta Battalion distinguished itself in 1917 during heavy combat on Monte Vodice and in 1918 on Monte Solarolo. During the war a total of 31,000 men served in the 4th Alpini. 189 Officers and 4,704 soldiers died during combat and 455 Officers and 10,923 soldiers were wounded.

Interwar Period[edit]

On September 10, 1935 the 1st Alpine Division Taurinense was formed and composed of the 3rd Alpini and 4th Alpini Regiments and the 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment. The division participated in 1936 in the Italian conquest of Abyssinia.

World War II[edit]

In 1940 the regiment as part of the Taurinense division fought in the Italian attack on Greece. After the German invasion of Yugoslavia the Taurinense performed garrison duties in Montenegro were the regiment disbanded after the signing of the Italian armistice with the Allies on September 8, 1943. Most of its soldiers joined the Italian Partisan Brigade Garibaldi, which operated in central Yugoslavia.

The reformed 4th Alpini Regiment participated in the liberation of Italy as part of the Partisan Piemonte Mountain Corps.

The Cold War[edit]

After World War II the 4th Alpini Regiment was reformed in 1952 with the battalions Aosta, Saluzzo and Susa. In 1953 a fourth battalion was raised: the Mondovi. The 4th Alpini was the basis for the newly founded Alpine Brigade Taurinense. In 1962 the Mondovi was transferred to the region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia to augment the Alpine Brigade Julia and in 1963 the Aosta battalion was transferred to the Alpini Formation and Training Center in Aosta. Four years later it was again subordinated to 4th Alpini Regiment. When Italy dissolved the regimental level in 1975 the remaining battalions came under the direct command of the Taurinense Brigade, with the exception of the Aosta which became a High Altitude Warfare training unit under permanent command of the Alpini Formation and Training Center. The Aosta received the regimental colours of the dissolved 4th Alpini Regiment and carried on its tradition and flag.

  • CoA mil ITA rgt alpini 004.png 4th Alpini Regiment with
    • Nappina bianca.png Mondovi Alpini Battalion (raised in 1953, transferred to Alpine Brigade Julia in 1962)
    • Nappina rossa.png Aosta Alpini battalion (under command of Alpini Formation and Training Center from 1963–1967)
    • Nappina verde.png Saluzzo Alpini battalion
    • Nappina blu.png Susa Alpini battalion

Today[edit]

On September 25, 2004 the 4th Alpini Regiment was reformed as 4° Alpini Paracadutisti (Alpini Parachutist) Regiment in the city of Bolzano. The existing Alpini Parachutist Monte Cervino battalion was placed under the command of the reformed regiment. Today the 4th regiment is one of three Special Forces regiments of the Italian Army. The Alpini Paracadutisti have recently served in Iraq and one company is constantly deployed in Afghanistan. At the end of 2010 the unit moved to its new base in Verona.

  • CoA mil ITA rgt alpini 004.png Regimental Command
    • Nappina blu - Regimental supports.png Command and Logistic Support Company Aquile
    • Nappina blu - Comando Alpino.png Alpini Battalion Monte Cervino
      • Nappina blu - Comando Alpino.png 1st Alpini Parachutist Company
      • Nappina blu - Comando Alpino.png 2nd Alpini Parachutist Company
      • Nappina blu - Comando Alpino.png 3rd Alpini Parachutist Company

Decorations[edit]

The 4th Alpini Regiment is the highest decorated regiment of the Italian Army.

See also[edit]

  • Mino - a TV series about the regiment's Aosta battalion in World War I

External links[edit]