4th Cavalry (India)

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British and Indian officers of the 4th Cavalry in Belgium in 1915

The 4th Cavalry was a cavalry regiment of the British Indian Army.

Origin[edit]

Raised 1838 in the service of the Nawab of Avadh the various changes and amalgamations are listed below.

History[edit]

Converted in 1840 to the East India Company service as the 6th Bengal Irregular Cavalry.

They were granted an Honorary Standard for service in Sind in 1844, hearing the device of a lion 'passant regardant'.

As part of the 1861 reforms it was add to the regular establishment as the 4th Regiment of Bengal Cavalry

The 4th's first battle honour is Afghanistan NWF 1879-80 for service during the Second Afghan War.

They went through four changes of title between 1900 and 1904, initially owing to the regiment being rearmed with the lance.

By the outbreak of war in 1914 they were stationed at Bareilly.

In August 1914 they were mobilised as the divisional cavalry regiment of the 7th (Meerut) Division, landing in France in October 1914

In November 1915 they left the front and entrained for Marseilles, however they did not sail until the end of December. They were transferred to Mesopotamia, arriving in January 1916. They were transferred to serve with the 6th Cavalry Brigade. They left Mesopotamia and returned to India in late 1917.

In late 1920 the 4th Cavalry were sent to Palestine on occupation duties, not returning to India until January 1922. At Bombay in April 1922 they amalgamated with the 2nd Lancers (Gardner's Horse) to form the 2nd - 4th Cavalry. However this title was short-lived and the new unit was retitled 2nd Lancers (Gardner's Horse) by October 1922.

Titles[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kempton, C (1996). A Register of Titles of the Units of the H.E.I.C. & Indian Armies 1666-1947. Bristol: British Empire & Commonwealth Museum. ISBN 978-0-9530174-0-9
  • Gaylor, J (1992). Sons of John Company: The Indian and Pakistan Armies 1903- 1991. Stroud: Spellmount Publishers Ltd. ISBN 978-0-946771-98-1
  • Nath, A (2009) Izzat. Historical Records and Iconography of Indian Cavalry Regiments 1750-2007. ISBN 978-81-902097-7-9
  • Whitworth, D. E. (1924) History of the 2nd Lancers (Gardner's Horse). London: Sifton Praed & Co Ltd
  • Indian Army List, various dates
  1. ^ "4th Cavalry (Indian Army)". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 16 August 2007.