4th Infantry Division (Greece)

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IV Infantry Division
IV Μεραρχία Πεζικού
Active 1912–1941, 1951–today
Country Greece
Branch Hellenic Army
Type Training and Reserve
Part of ASDEN
Garrison/HQ Tripoli, Peloponnese
Motto Freedom or Death (Greek: Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος)
Engagements First Balkan War, Second Balkan War, World War I, Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), Greco-Italian War

The 4th Infantry Division (Greek: IV Μεραρχία Πεζικού) is a formation of the Hellenic Army. Founded in 1912, it continues to exist today as a reserve and training formation, headquartered in Tripoli, Peloponnese.

History[edit]

The division was established in 1912 at Nafplio, with Major General Konstantinos Moschopoulos as its first commander, and comprising the 8th, 9th and 11th Infantry Regiments. Moschopoulos commanded the division during the First Balkan War, where it fought in both the Macedonian and the Epirus fronts, as well as during the Second Balkan War against Bulgaria. After the Balkan Wars, the division (8th, 11th and 35th Regiments) returned to the Peloponnese under the newly formed II Army Corps.

The division participated in the Asia Minor Campaign, where it was almost destroyed in the Battle of Dumlupınar in August 1922, as it faced the brunt of the Turkish offensive. Reformed in Greece, it fought in the Albanian front during the Greco-Italian War and was disbanded after the German invasion of Greece in April 1941. The division was reformed after the war, and has remained at Tripoli ever since.

Organization[edit]