4th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht)

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4. Gebirgs-Division
(English: 4th Mountain Division)
4th Mountain Division logo 1.svg
Insignia of the 4th Mountain Division
Active Raised October 1940, Surrendered May 1945
Country Nazi Germany
Branch Heer
Type Mountain Division

The German 4th Mountain Division Enzian ("Gentian" – a type of flower) was established in October 1940. It took part in the 1941 Balkans Campaign and then joined Army Group South in Operation Barbarossa after it was already underway. In 1942 it participated in the failed attempt to seize the Caucasus under Army Group A. As German fortunes in the east waned the division was pushed back into the Kuban bridgehead, the Crimea, the western Ukraine, Hungary, and Slovakia, finally surrendering to the Soviets near Czech Olomouc when the war ended in May 1945.

Commanders[edit]

  • Generalleutnant Karl Eglseer, 23 October 1940 – 1 October 1941
  • Oberst Karl Wintergerst, 1 October 1941 – November 1941
  • Generalleutnant Karl Eglseer, November 1941 – 22 October 1942
  • Generalleutnant Hermann Kreß, 23 October 1942 – 12 August 1943
  • Generalleutnant Julius Braun, 13 August 1943 – 6 June 1944
  • Oberst Karl Jank, 6 Juni 1944 – 1 July 1944
  • Generalleutnant Friedrich Breith, 1 July 1944 – 23 February 1945
  • Oberst Robert Bader, 23 February 1945 – 6 April 1945
  • Generalleutnant Friedrich Breith, 6 April 1945 – 8 May 1945

Order of Battle[edit]

  • Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 13
  • Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 91
  • Gebirgs-Artillerie-Regiment 94
  • Panzerjäger-Kompanie 94
  • Gebirgs-Pionier-Bataillon 94
  • Aufklärungsabteilung 94
  • Nachrichten-Abteilung 94
  • Gebirgsjäger-Bataillon 94
  • Divisions-Einheiten 94

See also[edit]

References[edit]