4th Mounted Division

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4th Mounted Division
2nd Cyclist Division
Active March 1916 – November 1916
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Yeomanry then Cyclist
Size Division
Garrison/HQ Colchester then Ipswich (HQ)
Service World War I
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Major-General Lord Lovat

The 4th Mounted Division was a short-lived British cavalry division composed of Yeomanry and Territorial Force units during World War I. It was formed on 20 March 1916, converted to 2nd Cyclist Division in July 1916 and broken up in November 1916. It remained in England on Home Defence duties throughout its existence.[1]

Formation[edit]

The 4th Mounted Division was formed on 20 March 1916 from three second line mounted brigades (2/1st Eastern, 2/1st South Eastern and 2/1st South Western) and the new 2/1st Southern Mounted Brigade. The Headquarters was at Colchester[2] and Brigadier-General (Major-General from 26 May) Lord Lovat was appointed to command.[3] The Mounted Brigades were numbered on 31 March 1916.[4]

Order of Battle, April 1916[5]
Mounted Brigade Yeomanry Regiments Signals Medical Army Service Corps
13th Mounted Brigade
(2/1st Eastern)
2/1st Suffolk Yeomanry
2/1st Norfolk Yeomanry
2/1st Essex Yeomanry
13th Mounted Brigade Signal Troop 13th Mounted Brigade Field Ambulance, RAMC 13th Mounted Brigade Company, ASC
14th Mounted Brigade
(2/1st South Eastern)
2/1st Royal East Kent Yeomanry
2/1st Queen's Own West Kent Yeomanry
2/1st Sussex Yeomanry
14th Mounted Brigade Signal Troop 14th Mounted Brigade Field Ambulance, RAMC 14th Mounted Brigade Company, ASC
15th Mounted Brigade
(2/1st South Western)
2/1st Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry
2/1st North Somerset Yeomanry
2/1st Hampshire Yeomanry
15th Mounted Brigade Signal Troop 15th Mounted Brigade Field Ambulance, RAMC 15th Mounted Brigade Company, ASC
16th Mounted Brigade
(2/1st Southern)
2/1st Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry
2/1st Hertfordshire Yeomanry
2/1st Surrey Yeomanry
16th Mounted Brigade Signal Troop 16th Mounted Brigade Field Ambulance, RAMC 16th Mounted Brigade Company, ASC
4th Mounted Division Signal Squadron 4th Mounted Division Company, ASC

2nd Cyclist Division[edit]

In July 1916 the yeomanry regiments were dismounted and their horses sent to remount depots. The regiments then converted to yeomanry cyclist regiments and the division was then renamed the 2nd Cyclist Division. It was assigned to the Southern Army, Home Defence Troops. Divisional Headquarters remained at Colchester[2] and Lord Lovat remained in command.[3] On reorganisation, 2/1st Essex Yeomanry, 2/1st Queen's Own West Kent Yeomanry and 2/1st Hertfordshire Yeomanry were posted to the 1st Mounted Division.[6]

Order of Battle, September 1916[5]
Cyclist Brigade Regiments and battalions Signals Medical Army Service Corps
5th Cyclist Brigade 2/1st Suffolk Yeomanry
2/1st Norfolk Yeomanry
2/1st Sussex Yeomanry[a]
1/8th (Cyclist) Battalion, Essex Regiment
5th Cyclist Brigade Signal Troop 5th Cyclist Brigade Field Ambulance, RAMC 5th Cyclist Brigade Company, ASC
6th Cyclist Brigade 2/1st Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry
2/1st North Somerset Yeomanry
2/1st Hampshire Yeomanry
2/1st Kent Cyclist Battalion
6th Cyclist Brigade Signal Troop 6th Cyclist Brigade Field Ambulance, RAMC 6th Cyclist Brigade Company, ASC
7th Cyclist Brigade[b] 2/1st Royal East Kent Yeomanry[a]
2/1st Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry
2/1st Surrey Yeomanry
7th (Cyclist) Battalion, Devonshire Regiment
7th Cyclist Brigade Signal Troop 7th Cyclist Brigade Field Ambulance, RAMC 7th Cyclist Brigade Company, ASC
8th Cyclist Brigade[c] 2/1st Royal Gloucestershire Hussars[d]
2/1st Berkshire Yeomanry[d]
2/1st Queen's Own Worcestershire Hussars[d]
2/8th (Cyclist) Battalion, Essex Regiment
8th Cyclist Brigade Signal Troop 8th Cyclist Brigade Field Ambulance, RAMC 8th Cyclist Brigade Company, ASC
2nd Cyclist Division Signal Squadron 2nd Cyclist Division Company, ASC

The Headquarters moved to Ipswich in September 1916. The division was broken up in November 1916, having remained in England on Home Defence duties throughout its brief existence. The cyclist brigades were dissolved and the yeomanry regiments were amalgamated in pairs to form yeomanry battalions in new cyclist brigades.[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Transferred from 14th Mounted Brigade.[6]
  2. ^ 2/1st Berkshire Royal Horse Artillery was attached to 7th Cyclist Brigade from September 1916 until the division was broken up.[6]
  3. ^ 2/1st Nottinghamshire Royal Horse Artillery was attached to 8th Cyclist Brigade from September 1916 until the division was broken up.[6]
  4. ^ a b c Transferred from 3rd Mounted Division.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Becke 1936, pp. 27–30
  2. ^ a b c Becke 1936, p. 30
  3. ^ a b Becke 1936, p. 27
  4. ^ James 1978, p. 36
  5. ^ a b Becke 1936, p. 28
  6. ^ a b c d e Becke 1936, p. 29

Bibliography[edit]

  • Becke, Major A.F. (1936). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 2A. The Territorial Force Mounted Divisions and the 1st-Line Territorial Force Divisions (42-56). London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-12-4. 
  • James, Brigadier E.A. (1978). British Regiments 1914–18. London: Samson Books Limited. ISBN 0-906304-03-2.