4th Regiment Royal Artillery
|4th Regiment Royal Artillery|
|Active||May 1939 to the present|
|Part of||4th Mechanised Brigade|
|Garrison/HQ||Alanbrooke Barracks, North Yorkshire|
|Nickname||The North East Gunners|
|Equipment||AS-90 self-propelled guns and L118 light guns|
The 4th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It is currently based at Alanbrooke Barracks in Topcliffe and serves in the armoured field artillery role, equipped with 105 light guns.
The Regiment moved from Roberts Barracks in Osnabruck, Germany at the end of 2008 where it had previously been stationed for over 20 years. The Regiment's main recruiting area is in the North East of England, and so significant effort has been put into re-establishing links, especially to the city of Sunderland where the Regiment holds the Freedom of the City. These strong links to the local area gives the Regiment its name The North East Gunners.
Formation and World War II
The regiment took part in World War II:
- 1939 – The Regiment was formed as 4th Regiment Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) at Helmieh, Egypt on 28 May 1939. The original Batteries were C Battery, F (Sphinx) Battery, and G Battery (Mercers Troop), drawn from independent commands in India and equipped with the Ordnance QF 25 pounder.
- 1941 – During the battle of Sidi Rezegh in the Western Desert on 23 November 1941, Brigadier John Charles Campbell, who only a few months earlier had been commanding 4th RHA, won the Victoria Cross.
The history of the regiment continued:
- 1947 – 4th Regiment RHA was based in Germany at Dorset Barracks in Kiel
- 1948 – The regiment moved to Alma Barracks at Blackdown
- 1951 – The regiment moved to Barracks at Hohne
4th Regiment, Royal Artillery
The history of the regiment continued:
- 1961 – The Regiment became 4th Regiment, Royal Artillery losing all 3 batteries to 33rd Parachute Light Regiment Royal Artillery, which immediately became 7th Parachute Regiment Royal Horse Artillery. 4th Regiment RA gained 29 (Corunna), 88 (Arracan) and 97 (Lawson’s Company) as gun batteries and was posted to Hong Kong.
- 1965 – The Regiment deployed on operations to the Malayan Peninsula. It saw active service from February to April and during the confrontation with Indonesia in Borneo until November.
- 1966 – The Regiment resumed service in West Germany, moving to Munsterlager in support of 1st Armoured Division.
- 1971 – The Regiment served three emergency tours of Northern Ireland in 1972, 1974, and 1976.
- 1974 – The Regiment retrained on the 105 pack howitzer.
- 1977 – The Regiment replaced 7th RHA in Aldershot in support of 6 Field Force and equipped with the 105mm Light Gun adopted the parachute role.
- 1981 – 29 (Corunna) Battery deployed to Long Kesh (HMP Maze) in Northern Ireland.
- 1982 – Two batteries deployed to the South Atlantic as part of the task force to retake the Falkland Islands.
- 1984 – The Regiment moved to Osnabrück equipped with the M109 155mm Self-propelled gun, remaining in support of the 1st Armoured Division
- 1991 – The Regiment undertook an emergency tour of Northern Ireland as the Tyrone Roulement Battalion.
- 1994 – The Regiment re-equipped with the AS90 gun.
- 1997 – Units of the Regiment deployed to Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- 1999 – The guns were deployed to Macedonia and provided a very effective deterrent when NATO troops moved into Kosovo.
- 1999 – Units returned to Northern Ireland.
- 2004 – Units deployed to Iraq for Operation Telic 5 where they were involved in the reconstruction of Basra.
- 2006 – The Regiment deployed on Operation Tosca on peacekeeping duties as part of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP).
- 2007 – The Regiment began its conversion to the 105mm Light Gun and then deployed for Operation Herrick 7 in Afghanistan.
The regiment commands the following batteries:
- 6/36 (Arcot 1751) Battery (TAC group)
- 3/29 (Corunna) Battery (L118 light gun battery)
- 129 (Dragon) Battery — previously under 40 Regiment RA
- 88 (Arracan) Battery (L118 light gun battery)
- 94 (New Zealand) Battery (HQ Battery)
- 97 (Lawson's Company) Battery (TAC Battery)
Forever Fourth is the new Regimental charity for 4th Regiment Royal Artillery. The charity charter is:
"To provide immediate and short term financial assistance to 4 Regt RA personnel and their families in the event of serious injury or fatality sustained on or training for operations."
Under Army 2020, it is likely to provide force support to the Adaptable Force and might lose its AS-90s in return for light guns. The 103rd Regiment Royal Artillery will be paired with this regiment.
- "The North East Gunners". Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- Clarke 1993, p. 134
- The London Gazette: . 30 January 1942.
- "4th Regiment Royal Artillery". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "4 Regiment Batteries". Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- Look North, BBC, 29 November 2013
- Army 2020 Update
- Clarke, W.G. (1993). Horse Gunners: The Royal Horse Artillery, 200 Years of Panache and Professionalism. Woolwich: The Royal Artillery Institution. ISBN 09520762-0-9.