5-HT2B receptor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from 5-HT2B)
Jump to: navigation, search
5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 2B, G protein-coupled
4IB4.png
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols HTR2B ; 5-HT(2B); 5-HT2B
External IDs OMIM601122 MGI109323 HomoloGene55492 IUPHAR: 5-HT2B ChEMBL: 1833 GeneCards: HTR2B Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE HTR2B 206638 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 3357 15559
Ensembl ENSG00000135914 ENSMUSG00000026228
UniProt P41595 Q02152
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_000867 NM_008311
RefSeq (protein) NP_000858 NP_032337
Location (UCSC) Chr 2:
231.97 – 231.99 Mb
Chr 1:
86.1 – 86.11 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

5-Hydroxytryptamine receptor 2B (5-HT2B) also known as serotonin receptor 2B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HTR2B gene.[1][2] 5-HT2B is a member of the 5-HT2 receptor family that binds the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT).

Function[edit]

The 5-HT2 receptors (of which the 5-HT2B receptor is a subtype) mediate many of the central and peripheral physiologic functions of serotonin. Cardiovascular effects include contraction of blood vessels and shape changes in platelets; central nervous system effects include neuronal sensitization to tactile stimuli and mediation of some of the effects of hallucinogenic substituted amphetamines.

The 5-HT2B receptor subtype is involved in:

  • CNS: presynaptic inhibition, behavioural effects[3]
  • Vascular: pulmonary vasoconstriction[4]
  • Cardiac: The 5-HT2B receptor regulates cardiac structure and functions as demonstrated by the abnormal cardiac development observed in 5-HT2B receptor null mice.[5] The 5-HT2B receptor stimulation can also lead to pathological proliferation of cardiac valves fibroblasts,[6] which with chronic overstimulation of 5-HT2B can lead to a severe valvulopathy. Moreover, 5-HT2B receptors were recently shown to be overexpressed in human failing heart and antagonists of 5-HT2B receptors were uncovered to prevent both angiotensin II or beta-adrenergic agonist-induced pathological cardiac hypertrophy in mouse.[7][8][9]
  • Serotonin transporter: 5-HT2B receptors regulate serotonin release via the serotonin transporter, and are important both to normal physiological regulation of serotonin levels in blood plasma,[10] and with the abnormal acute serotonin release produced by drugs such as MDMA.[3] Surprisingly however 5-HT2B receptor activation appears to be protective against the development of serotonin syndrome following elevated extracellular serotonin levels,[11] despite its role in modulating serotonin release.

Clinical significance[edit]

5-HT2B receptors have also been strongly implicated in drug-induced valvular heart disease.[12][13][14] In this context, it is generally considered to be an antitarget.

The structure of the 5-HT2B receptor was recently solved in complex with the valvulopathogenic drug ergotamine.[15]

Ligands[edit]

As of 2009, few highly selective 5-HT2B receptor ligands have been discovered, although numerous potent non-selective compounds are known, particularly agents with concomitant 5-HT2C binding. Research in this area has been limited due to the cardiotoxicity of 5-HT2B agonists, and the lack of clear therapeutic application for 5-HT2B antagonists, but there is still a need for selective ligands for scientific research.[16]

Agonists[edit]

Selective
Non-selective

Antagonists[edit]

Possible applications[edit]

5-HT2B antagonists have previously been proposed as treatment for migraine headaches, and RS-127,445 was trialled in humans up to Phase I for this indication, but development was not continued.[29] More recent research has focused on possible application of 5-HT2B antagonists as treatments for chronic heart disease.[30][31] Serotonin 5-HT2B receptors inhibit liver regeneration [32] and may have effects on immune system function.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Entrez Gene: HTR2B 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 2B". 
  2. ^ Schmuck K, Ullmer C, Engels P, Lübbert H (March 1994). "Cloning and functional characterization of the human 5-HT2B serotonin receptor". FEBS Lett. 342 (1): 85–90. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(94)80590-3. PMID 8143856. 
  3. ^ a b Doly S, Valjent E, Setola V, Callebert J, Hervé D, Launay JM, Maroteaux L (March 2008). "Serotonin 5-HT2B receptors are required for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion and 5-HT release in vivo and in vitro". J. Neurosci. 28 (11): 2933–40. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5723-07.2008. PMID 18337424. 
  4. ^ Launay JM, Hervé P, Peoc'h K, Tournois C, Callebert J, Nebigil CG, Etienne N, Drouet L, Humbert M, Simonneau G, Maroteaux L (October 2002). "Function of the serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine 2B receptor in pulmonary hypertension". Nat. Med. 8 (10): 1129–35. doi:10.1038/nm764. PMID 12244304. 
  5. ^ Nebigil CG, Hickel P, Messaddeq N, Vonesch JL, Douchet MP, Monassier L, György K, Matz R, Andriantsitohaina R, Manivet P, Launay JM, Maroteaux L (June 2001). "Ablation of serotonin 5-HT(2B) receptors in mice leads to abnormal cardiac structure and function". Circulation 103 (24): 2973–9. doi:10.1161/01.cir.103.24.2973. PMID 11413089. 
  6. ^ Elangbam CS, Job LE, Zadrozny LM, Barton JC, Yoon LW, Gates LD, Slocum N (August 2008). "5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT)-induced valvulopathy: compositional valvular alterations are associated with 5HT2B receptor and 5HT transporter transcript changes in Sprague-Dawley rats". Exp. Toxicol. Pathol. 60 (4–5): 253–62. doi:10.1016/j.etp.2008.03.005. PMID 18511249. 
  7. ^ Jaffré F, Callebert J, Sarre A, Etienne N, Nebigil CG, Launay JM, Maroteaux L, Monassier L (August 2004). "Involvement of the serotonin 5-HT2B receptor in cardiac hypertrophy linked to sympathetic stimulation: control of interleukin-6, interleukin-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha cytokine production by ventricular fibroblasts". Circulation 110 (8): 969–74. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000139856.20505.57. PMID 15302781. 
  8. ^ Monassier L, Laplante MA, Jaffré F, Bousquet P, Maroteaux L, de Champlain J (August 2008). "Serotonin 5-HT(2B) receptor blockade prevents reactive oxygen species-induced cardiac hypertrophy in mice". Hypertension 52 (2): 301–7. doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.107.105551. PMID 18591460. 
  9. ^ Jaffré F, Bonnin P, Callebert J, Debbabi H, Setola V, Doly S, Monassier L, Mettauer B, Blaxall BC, Launay JM, Maroteaux L (November 2008). "Serotonin and Angiotensin Receptors in Cardiac Fibroblasts Coregulate Adrenergic-Dependent Cardiac Hypertrophy". Circ. Res. 104 (1): 113–23. doi:10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.108.180976. PMID 19023134. 
  10. ^ Callebert J, Esteve JM, Hervé P, Peoc'h K, Tournois C, Drouet L, Launay JM, Maroteaux L (May 2006). "Evidence for a control of plasma serotonin levels by 5-hydroxytryptamine(2B) receptors in mice". J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 317 (2): 724–31. doi:10.1124/jpet.105.098269. PMID 16461587. 
  11. ^ Diaz SL, Maroteaux L (January 2011). "Implication of 5-HT(2B) receptors in the serotonin syndrome". Neuropharmacology 61 (3): 495–502. doi:10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.01.025. PMID 21277875. 
  12. ^ Rothman RB, Baumann MH, Savage JE, Rauser L, McBride A, Hufeisen SJ, Roth BL (December 2000). "Evidence for possible involvement of 5-HT(2B) receptors in the cardiac valvulopathy associated with fenfluramine and other serotonergic medications". Circulation 102 (23): 2836–41. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.102.23.2836. PMID 11104741. 
  13. ^ Fitzgerald LW, Burn TC, Brown BS, Patterson JP, Corjay MH, Valentine PA, Sun JH, Link JR, Abbaszade I, Hollis JM, Largent BL, Hartig PR, Hollis GF, Meunier PC, Robichaud AJ, Robertson DW (January 2000). "Possible role of valvular serotonin 5-HT(2B) receptors in the cardiopathy associated with fenfluramine". Mol. Pharmacol. 57 (1): 75–81. PMID 10617681. 
  14. ^ Roth BL (January 2007). "Drugs and valvular heart disease". N. Engl. J. Med. 356 (1): 6–9. doi:10.1056/NEJMp068265. PMID 17202450. 
  15. ^ PDB 4IB4; Wacker D, Wang C, Katritch V, Han GW, Huang XP, Vardy E, McCorvy JD, Jiang Y, Chu M, Siu FY, Liu W, Xu HE, Cherezov V, Roth BL, Stevens RC (May 2013). "Structural features for functional selectivity at serotonin receptors". Science 340 (6132): 615–9. doi:10.1126/science.1232808. PMID 23519215. 
  16. ^ Schuhmacher M (2007). [Chiral arylmethoxytryptamines as 5-HT2B-receptor antagonists: synthesis, analysis and in-vitro pharmacology] (German). Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Regensburg. pp. pages 6–17. Retrieved 2008-08-11. 
  17. ^ a b c Porter RH, Benwell KR, Lamb H, et al. (1999). "Functional characterization of agonists at recombinant human 5-HT2A, 5-HT2B and 5-HT2C receptors in CHO-K1 cells". Br. J. Pharmacol. 128 (1): 13–20. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0702751. PMC 1571597. PMID 10498829. 
  18. ^ Kennett GA, Trail B, Bright F (December 1998). "Anxiolytic-like actions of BW 723C86 in the rat Vogel conflict test are 5-HT2B receptor mediated". Neuropharmacology 37 (12): 1603–10. doi:10.1016/S0028-3908(98)00115-4. PMID 9886683. 
  19. ^ a b Setola, Vincent; Sandra J Hufeisen; K Jane Grande-Allen; Ivan Vesely; Richard A Glennon; Bruce Blough; Richard B Rothman; Bryan L Roth (Jan 7, 2003). "3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") induces fenfluramine-like proliferative actions on human cardiac valvular interstitial cells in vitro". Molecular Pharmacology 63 (6): 1223–1229. doi:10.1124/mol.63.6.1223. PMID 12761331. 
  20. ^ Ray TS; Manzoni, Olivier Jacques (2010). "Psychedelics and the Human Receptorome". In Manzoni, Olivier Jacques. PLoS ONE 5 (2): e9019. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009019. PMC 2814854. PMID 20126400. 
  21. ^ Görnemann T, Hübner H, Gmeiner P, et al. (2008). "Characterization of the molecular fragment that is responsible for agonism of pergolide at serotonin 5-Hydroxytryptamine2B and 5-Hydroxytryptamine2A receptors". J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 324 (3): 1136–45. doi:10.1124/jpet.107.133165. PMID 18096760. 
  22. ^ Hofmann C, Penner U, Dorow R, Pertz HH, Jähnichen S, Horowski R, Latté KP, Palla D, Schurad B (2006). "Lisuride, a dopamine receptor agonist with 5-HT2B receptor antagonist properties: absence of cardiac valvulopathy adverse drug reaction reports supports the concept of a crucial role for 5-HT2B receptor agonism in cardiac valvular fibrosis". Clin Neuropharmacol 29 (2): 80–6. doi:10.1097/00002826-200603000-00005. PMID 16614540. 
  23. ^ Egan CT, Herrick-Davis K, Miller K, Glennon RA, Teitler M (April 1998). "Agonist activity of LSD and lisuride at cloned 5HT2A and 5HT2C receptors". Psychopharmacology (Berl.) 136 (4): 409–14. doi:10.1007/s002130050585. PMID 9600588. 
  24. ^ Beattie DT, Smith JA, Marquess D, et al. (November 2004). "The 5-HT4 receptor agonist, tegaserod, is a potent 5-HT2B receptor antagonist in vitro and in vivo". Br. J. Pharmacol. 143 (5): 549–60. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0705929. PMC 1575425. PMID 15466450. 
  25. ^ Bonhaus DW, Flippin LA, Greenhouse RJ, et al. (1999). "RS-127445: a selective, high affinity, orally bioavailable 5-HT2B receptor antagonist". Br. J. Pharmacol. 127 (5): 1075–82. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0702632. PMC 1566110. PMID 10455251. 
  26. ^ Kovács A, Gacsályi I, Wellmann J, et al. (2003). "Effects of EGIS-7625, a selective and competitive 5-HT2B receptor antagonist". Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 17 (5–6): 427–34. doi:10.1023/B:CARD.0000015857.96371.43. PMID 15107597. 
  27. ^ Dunlop J, Lock T, Jow B, et al. (March 2009). "Old and new pharmacology: positive allosteric modulation of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor by the 5-hydroxytryptamine(2B/C) receptor antagonist SB-206553 (3,5-dihydro-5-methyl-N-3-pyridinylbenzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']di pyrrole-1(2H)-carboxamide)". J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 328 (3): 766–76. doi:10.1124/jpet.108.146514. PMID 19050173. 
  28. ^ Reavill C, Kettle A, Holland V, Riley G, Blackburn TP (February 1999). "Attenuation of haloperidol-induced catalepsy by a 5-HT2C receptor antagonist". Br. J. Pharmacol. 126 (3): 572–4. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0702350. PMC 1565856. PMID 10188965. 
  29. ^ Poissonnet G, Parmentier JG, Boutin JA, Goldstein S (March 2004). "The emergence of selective 5-HT 2B antagonists structures, activities and potential therapeutic applications". Mini Rev Med Chem 4 (3): 325–30. doi:10.2174/1389557043487312. PMID 15032678. 
  30. ^ Shyu KG (January 2009). "Serotonin 5-HT2B receptor in cardiac fibroblast contributes to cardiac hypertrophy: a new therapeutic target for heart failure?". Circulation Research 104 (1): 1–3. doi:10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.108.191122. PMID 19118279. 
  31. ^ Moss N, Choi Y, Cogan D, Flegg A, Kahrs A, Loke P, Meyn O, Nagaraja R, Napier S, Parker A, Thomas Peterson J, Ramsden P, Sarko C, Skow D, Tomlinson J, Tye H, Whitaker M (April 2009). "A new class of 5-HT2B antagonists possesses favorable potency, selectivity, and rat pharmacokinetic properties". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 19 (8): 2206–10. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.02.126. PMID 19307114. 
  32. ^ Ebrahimkhani MR, Oakley F, Murphy LB, Mann J, Moles A, Perugorria MJ, Ellis E, Lakey AF, Burt AD, Douglass A, Wright MC, White SA, Jaffré F, Maroteaux L, Mann DA (December 2011). "Stimulating healthy tissue regeneration by targeting the 5-HT₂B receptor in chronic liver disease". Nat. Med. 17 (12): 1668–73. doi:10.1038/nm.2490. PMC 3428919. PMID 22120177. 

External links[edit]

  • "5-HT2B". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 

Further reading[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.