50–40–90 club

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Steve Nash has achieved the most 50–40–90 seasons in NBA history with four.

The 50–40–90 club is an informal term referring to the group of National Basketball Association (NBA) players who have had a shooting percentage at or above 50% for field goals, 40% for three-point field goals, and 90% for free throws during an entire NBA season while also achieving the NBA league minimum number of makes in each category.[1] 50–40–90 indicates a great all-around shooting performance and is considered the ultimate standard for shooters.[2] Steve Nash has the most 50–40–90 seasons with four; two more than any other player. Kevin Durant is the most recent player to record a 50-40-90 season.

Members[edit]

Since the NBA introduced the three-point field goal for the 1979–80 season, the 50–40–90 shooting threshold has only been reached by six players: Steve Nash, Larry Bird, Mark Price, Reggie Miller, Dirk Nowitzki, and Kevin Durant.[2] Nash and Bird are the only players who achieved 50–40–90 in multiple seasons; Bird achieved it twice consecutively and Nash achieved it four times in five seasons.[3] Nash narrowly missed achieving 50–40–90 five seasons in a row by shooting at 89.9% from the free throw line, which actually means that just one fewer missed free throw would have gotten him over the 90% mark, in the 2006–07 season.[4]

José Calderón appears on some 50–40–90 club lists for his 52–43–91 shooting during the 2007–08 season. During that season, however, he only made 109 free throws (16 short of the NBA league minimum required to be considered the leader in this category).[5] To qualify as a leader in the field goal percentage, three-point field goal percentage and free throw percentage, a player has to make at least 300 field goals, 55 three-point field goals and 125 free throws.[6] These values have been used since the 1999–2000 season except in the lockout-shortened 2011–12 season; requirements varied with the schedule length several times before that.[7] Steve Kerr has been cited as being the only player to ever record a 50–50–90 in the 1995–96 season;[8] while he does meet (and indeed exceed, shooting 51–51–93) the corresponding percentage values, he did not meet the minimum requirements for field goals or free-throws taken (see table below) for the feat to be recognized officially.[8]

Terminology[edit]

Similar to baseball batting averages, official NBA shooting percentages are computed to the third decimal place (thousandths), but contrastingly are referred to in a "percentage" not "permillage" manner. A player who shot .8995 on free-throws would be officially computed as shooting .900 and referred to as a 90% (or 90.0%) shooter. While the significant number is the same for the two sports, a baseball player with a batting average of .300 is referred to as a "three hundred hitter" and not a "30% hitter", a basketball player shooting .900 on free-throws will be referred to as a "90% free-throw shooter", not a "nine-hundred shooter".

Calculating[edit]

In order to calculate basketball shooting percentages to the second decimal place, the official three digit percentages are shortened and rounded to the second decimal point. Thus a shooting percentage listed as .899 to the third decimal place in the NBA's official shooting statistics is shortened and rounded to "90%" when a two digit number is used to designate the shooting percentage.[9] Note that shooting statistics throughout rounded to second decimal.

This rounding to the second digit has pertinence regarding several 50–40–90 seasons in that four times a player who did not actually reach the .500 or .900 threshold appeared to shoot 50% and 90%. In the 1985–86 season Larry Bird officially shot .496–.423–.896, which becomes 50–42–90 when converted to two digit numbers,[9][10] in the 1990–91 season Jeff Hornacek officially shot .518–.418–.897, which becomes 52–42–90,[11] in the 2006–07 season Steve Nash shot .532–.455–.899 which converts to 53–45–90,[4] and in the 2008–09 season José Calderón shot .497–.406–.981 which converts to 50–41–98.[5]

50–40–90 seasons[edit]

Player Season GP FG FGA FG% 3P 3PA 3P% FT FTA FT% PTS PPG Ref.
Bird, LarryLarry Bird 1986–87 74 786 1,497 53% (.525) 90 225 40% (.400) 414 455 91% (.910) 2,076 28.05 [10]
Bird, LarryLarry Bird (2) 1987–88 76 881 1,672 53% (.527) 98 237 41% (.414) 415 453 92% (.916) 2,275 29.93 [10]
Price, MarkMark Price 1988–89 75 529 1,006 53% (.526) 93 211 44% (.441) 263 292 90% (.901) 1,414 18.85 [12]
Miller, ReggieReggie Miller 1993–94 79 524 1,042 50% (.503) 123 292 42% (.421) 403 444 91% (.908) 1,574 19.92 [13]
Nash, SteveSteve Nash 2005–06 79 541 1,056 51% (.512) 150 342 44% (.439) 257 279 92% (.921) 1,489 18.85 [4]
Nowitzki, DirkDirk Nowitzki 2006–07 78 673 1,341 50% (.502) 72 173 42% (.416) 498 551 90% (.904) 1,916 24.56 [14]
Nash, SteveSteve Nash (2) 2007–08 81 485 962 50% (.504) 179 381 47% (.470) 222 245 91% (.906) 1,371 16.93 [4]
Nash, SteveSteve Nash (3) 2008–09 74 428 851 50% (.503) 108 246 44% (.439) 196 210 93% (.933) 1,160 15.68 [4]
Nash, SteveSteve Nash (4) 2009–10 81 499 985 51% (.507) 124 291 43% (.426) 211 225 94% (.938) 1,333 16.46 [4]
Durant, KevinKevin Durant 2012–13 81 731 1,433 51% (.510) 139 334 42% (.416) 679 750 91% (.905) 2,280 28.15 [15]

50–40–90 after rounding[edit]

Some players missed the 50–40–90 mark by finishing slightly under the .500 field goal percentage or .900 free throw percentage, even though they had 50% and 90% percentage value by virtue of the rounding to the second digit. Some players reached the 50–40–90 mark but failed to make enough field goals or free throws in order to qualify as the league leaders (300 field goals, 55 three-point field goals and 125 free throws). The following table shows those players who nearly achieved the 50–40–90 (the statistical categories in which they fell short are highlighted and marked with asterisks).

Player Season GP FG FGA FG% 3P 3PA 3P% FT FTA FT% PTS PPG Ref.
Bird, LarryLarry Bird 1985–86 82 796 1,606 50% (.496)* 82 194 42% (.423) 441 492 90% (.896)* 2,115 25.79 [10]
Barros, DanaDana Barros 1990–91 66 154* 311 50% (.495)* 32* 81 40% (.395) * 78* 85 92% (.918) 418 6.9 [16]
Hornacek, JeffJeff Hornacek 1990–91 80 544 1,051 52% (.518) 61 146 42% (.418) 201 224 90% (.897)* 1,350 16.88 [11]
Kerr, SteveSteve Kerr 1995–96 82 244* 482 51% (.506) 122 237 51% (.515) 78* 84 93% (.929) 688 8.39 [17]
Elie, MarioMario Elie 1996–97 78 291* 585 50% (.497)* 120 286 42% (.420) 207 231 90% (.896)* 909 11.65 [18]
Ferry, DannyDanny Ferry 1999–2000 63 189* 380 50% (.497)* 33* 75 44% (.440) 52* 57 91% (.912) 463 7.3 [19]
Nash, SteveSteve Nash 2006–07 76 517 971 53% (.532) 156 343 45% (.455) 222 247 90% (.899)* 1,412 18.58 [4]
Calderón, JoséJosé Calderón 2007–08 82 367 707 52% (.519) 79 184 43% (.429) 109* 120 91% (.908) 922 11.24 [5]
Calderón, JoséJosé Calderón (2) 2008–09 68 320 644 50% (.497)* 82 202 41% (.406) 151 154 98% (.981) 873 12.84 [5]
Nash, SteveSteve Nash (2) 2012–13 50 236* 475 50% (.497)* 57 130 44% (.438) 107* 116 92% (.922) 636 12.72 [4]
Nowitzki, DirkDirk Nowitzki 2013–14 80 633 1,273 50% (.497)* 131 329 40% (.398)* 338 376 90% (.899)* 1,735 21.7 [14]

50–40–90 near misses[edit]

Some players missed the 50–40–90 mark by finishing slightly under the .500 field goal percentage, the .400 three-point percentage or the .900 free throw percentage, even after rounding to the second digit. The following table shows those players who came close (within 1 percentage point) to achieving the 50–40–90 (the statistical categories in which they fell short are highlighted and marked with asterisks).

Player Season GP FG FGA FG% 3P 3PA 3P% FT FTA FT% PTS PPG Ref.
Macy, KyleKyle Macy 1981–82 82 486 945 51% (.514) 39 100 39% (.390)* 152 169 90% (.899)* 1,163 14.2 [20]
Davis, BradBrad Davis 1984–85 82 310 614 51% (.505) 47 115 41% (.409) 154 193 89% (.888)* 825 10.1 [21]
Scott, ByronByron Scott 1986–87 82 554 1,134 49% (.489)* 65 149 44% (.436) 224 251 89% (.892)* 1,397 17.0 [22]
Barros, DanaDana Barros 1994–95 82 571 1,165 49% (.490)* 197 425 46% (.464) 347 386 90% (.899)* 1,686 20.6 [16]
Barry, JonJon Barry 2001–02 82 255 522 49% (.489)* 121 258 47% (.469) 108* 116 93% (.931) 739 9.0 [23]
Szczerbiak, WallyWally Szczerbiak 2005–06 72 493 1,012 49% (.487)* 102 255 40% (.400) 278 310 90% (.897)* 1,366 19.0 [24]
Kapono, JasonJason Kapono 2006–07 67 278 563 49% (.494)* 108 210 51% (.514) 66* 74 89% (.892)* 730 10.9 [25]
Cardinal, BrianBrian Cardinal 2006–07 28 42* 85 49% (.494)* 18* 44 41% (.409) 25* 27 92% (.926) 127 4.5 [26]
Nowitzki, DirkDirk Nowitzki 2010–11 73 610 1,179 52% (.517) 66 168 39% (.393)* 395 443 89% (.892)* 1,681 23.0 [14]

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ Powell, Shaun (October 7, 2010). "All-Shooting Team: Five guys with 'the touch' make the list". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Archived from the original on 12 October 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "The vanguards: Rating Nash amongst the best". canada.com. Postmedia Network Inc. January 3, 2007. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Spurs In His Side". National Post. National Post Inc. September 17, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Steve Nash NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d "José Calderón NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  6. ^ "Minimum Stats for Leaders". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Archived from the original on 17 November 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Rate Statistic Requirements". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b Ballard, Chris (2009). The Art of the Beautiful Game: The Thinking Fan's Tour of the NBA. Simon and Schuster. p. 37. ISBN 9781439141175. 
  9. ^ a b Cohen, Richard M., and Neft, David S.: The Sports Encyclopedia: Pro Basketball Edition, St. Martin's Press, 1990.
  10. ^ a b c d "Larry Bird NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  11. ^ a b "Jeff Hornacek NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  12. ^ "Mark Price NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  13. ^ "Reggie Miller NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  14. ^ a b c "Dirk Nowitzki NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  15. ^ "Kevin Durant NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "Dana Barros NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  17. ^ "Steve Kerr NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  18. ^ "Mario Elie NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  19. ^ "Danny Ferry NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  20. ^ "Kyle Macy NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  21. ^ "Brad Davis NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  22. ^ "Byron Scott NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  23. ^ "Jon Barry NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  24. ^ "Wally Szczerbiak NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  25. ^ "Jason Kapono NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  26. ^ "Brian Cardinal NBA & ABA Statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
General