|Centuries:||5th century – 6th century – 7th century|
|Decades:||470s 480s 490s – 500s – 510s 520s 530s|
|Years:||500 501 502 – 503 – 504 505 506|
|503 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1256|
|Bahá'í calendar||−1341 – −1340|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||壬午年 (Water Horse)
3199 or 3139
— to —
癸未年 (Water Goat)
3200 or 3140
|- Vikram Samvat||559–560|
|- Shaka Samvat||425–426|
|- Kali Yuga||3604–3605|
|Igbo calendar||−497 – −496|
|Iranian calendar||119 BP – 118 BP|
|Islamic calendar||123 BH – 122 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1409 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1046|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 503.|
Year 503 (DIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Volusianus and Dixicrates (or, less frequently, year 1256 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 503 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- War with Sassanid Persia: Emperor Anastasius I sends an Byzantine army (52,000 men) to Armenia but is defeated. The Romans attempt an unsuccessful siege of the Persian-held Amida on the Tigris. King Kavadh I invades Osroene, and lays siege to the city of Edessa (Northern Mesopotamia).
- May – Areobindus, Byzantine general (magister militum), is stationed as commander at Dara with an army of 12,000 men to keep watch at the Persian stronghold of Nisibis (modern Turkey).
- Mundhir III, king of the Lakhmids (Arab Christians), raids Palaestina Salutaris and Arabia Petraea. He captures a large number of Romans.
- King Ernakh, third son of Attila the Hun, dies after a 34-year reign. He is succeeded by his two sons Utigur and Kutrigur who share the power with the unified Bulgars.
- October 17 – Lý Nam Đế, first emperor of Vietnam (d. 548)
- Xiao Gang, later Emperor Jianwen of Liang, emperor of the Chinese Liang dynasty (killed 551)
- Zhuansun Shi, Chinese disciple of Confucius
- Chen Baxian, later Emperor Wu of Chen, first emperor of the Chinese Chen dynasty (d. 559)
- Greatrex & Lieu 2002, pp. 69–71
- John Binns, Ascetics and ambassadors of Christ: the monasteries of Palestine, 314-631. p.113; Frank R. Trombley, J. W. Watt, The chronicle of pseudo-Joshua (the margain) p.108; Cyril of Scythopolis, Life of John the Hesychast, p.211. 15-20
- Priscus. Excerpta de legationibus. Ed. S. de Boor. Berolini, 1903, p. 586