50th Academy Awards
|50th Academy Awards|
|Date||Monday, April 3, 1978|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles|
|Producer||Howard W. Koch|
|Best Picture||Annie Hall|
|Most awards||Star Wars (7)|
|Most nominations||Julia and The Turning Point (11)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 30 minutes|
31.1% (Nielsen ratings)
The 50th Academy Awards were held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California on April 3, 1978. The ceremonies were presided over by Bob Hope, who hosted the awards for the eighteenth and last time.
Two of the year's biggest winners were Star Wars, which swept the technical categories by winning 6 out of its 10 nominations and a Special Achievement for Sound Effects Editing, and Annie Hall, winning 4 out of 5 nominations, including Best Picture, Best Actress and Best Director. The awards show was also notable for a very politically charged acceptance speech by Vanessa Redgrave.
The Turning Point set the record for the most nominations without a win with 11 nominations. It was previously held by Peyton Place and The Little Foxes which both had 9 noms with no wins. This record and, later tied with The Color Purple, still stands as of 2013.
Jason Robards became the fourth actor to win back to back Oscars.
For the first and only time to date, both Best Actor and Best Actress winners won for roles in two different romantic comedies.
Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.
Academy Honorary Awards
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
During the ceremony, Vanessa Redgrave won the Best Supporting Actress award for Julia, and, aware of members of the Jewish Defense League (JDL) protesting outside,[clarification needed] made the following comments:
|“||My dear colleagues, I thank you very much for this tribute to my work. I think that Jane Fonda and I have done the best work of our lives, and I think this is in part due to our director, Fred Zinnemann. [Audience applause.]
And I also think it's in part because we believed and we believe in what we were expressing--two out of millions who gave their lives and were prepared to sacrifice everything in the fight against fascist and racist Nazi Germany.
And I salute you, and I pay tribute to you, and I think you should be very proud that in the last few weeks you've stood firm, and you have refused to be intimidated by the threats of a small bunch of Zionist hoodlums [gasps from the audience, followed by a smattering of boos and clapping] whose behavior is an insult to the stature of Jews all over the world and their great and heroic record of struggle against fascism and oppression. [General applause]
And I salute that record and I salute all of you for having stood firm and dealt a final blow against that period when Nixon and McCarthy launched a worldwide witch-hunt against those who tried to express in their lives and their work the truth that they believe in [some boos and hissing]. I salute you and I thank you and I pledge to you that I will continue to fight against anti-Semitism and fascism.
|“||Before I get on to the writing awards, there's a little matter I'd like to tidy up--at least if I expect to live with myself tomorrow morning. I would like to say, personal opinion, of course, that I'm sick and tired of people exploiting the occasion of the Academy Awards [loud applause] for the propagation of their own personal political propaganda.
I would like to suggest to Miss Redgrave that her winning an Academy Award is not a pivotal moment in history, does not require a proclamation and a simple 'thank you' would have sufficed. [Loud applause]
- Fred Astaire (Presenter: Best Original Song)
- Michael Caine and Maggie Smith (Presenters: Best Supporting Actor)
- Paddy Chayefsky (Presenter: Best Original and Adapted Screenplay)
- Bette Davis (Presenter: Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Charlton Heston)
- Olivia de Havilland (Presenter: Honorary Award to Margaret Booth)
- Kirk Douglas and Raquel Welch (Presenters: Documentary Awards)
- Farrah Fawcett and Marcello Mastroianni (Presenters: Best Film Editing)
- Joan Fontaine (Presenter: Best Visual Effects)
- Jodie Foster, Paul Williams, and Mickey Mouse (Presenters: Short Subjects Awards)
- Greer Garson and Henry Winkler (Presenters: Best Art Direction)
- Janet Gaynor and Walter Matthau (Presenters: Best Actress)
- Johnny Green, Olivia Newton-John, and Henry Mancini (Presenters: Best Original Score)
- Mark Hamill, R2-D2 and C-3PO (Presenter: Special Achievement Award)
- Goldie Hawn and Jon Voight (Presenters: Best Cinematography)
- William Holden and Barbara Stanwyck (Presenters: Sound Awards)
- Stanley Kramer (Presenter: Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award to Walter Mirisch)
- Jack Nicholson (Presenter: Best Picture)
- Gregory Peck (Presenter: Voting Rules)
- Eva Marie Saint and Jack Valenti (Presenters: Best Foreign Language Film)
- John Travolta (Presenters: Best Supporting Actress)
- Sylvester Stallone (Presenter: Best Actor)
- Cicely Tyson and King Vidor (Presenters: Best Director)
- Billy Dee Williams (Presenter: Scientific & Technical Awards)
- Natalie Wood (Presenter: Best Costume Design)
- Debby Boone ("You Light Up My Life" from You Light Up My Life)
- Sammy Davis Jr. and Marvin Hamlisch ("Come Light the Candles")
- Aretha Franklin ("Nobody Does It Better" from The Spy Who Loved Me)
- Gloria Loring ("Candle on the Water" from Pete's Dragon and "Someone's Waiting for You" from The Rescuers)
- Jane Powell ("The Slipper and the Rose Waltz (He Danced with Me)" from The Slipper and the Rose)
- Debbie Reynolds ("Look How Far We've Come")
Multiple nominations and awards
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
- 1977 in film
- 20th Grammy Awards
- 29th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 30th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 31st British Academy Film Awards
- 32nd Tony Awards
- Bialik, Carl (February 26, 2008). "And the Oscar Goes to… Fewer TV Viewers". The Wall Street Journal.
- "The 50th Academy Awards (1978) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- John Bradey, "The craft of the screenwriter", 1981. Page 57
- E! Online - 75 Years of Oscar - 1978
- IMDb: Academy Awards, USA: 1978
- filmsite.org: 1977 Academy Awards Winners and History
- Redgrave's 'Zionist Hoodlums' Speech Shocks Hollywood