50th New Zealand Parliament

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51st

The 50th New Zealand Parliament was elected at the 2011 general election. It contains 121 members (120 seats plus one overhang seat), and will be in place from December 2011 until 17 December 2014 at the latest, followed by the next New Zealand general election. The first sitting of the 50th Parliament was held on 20 December 2011, where members were sworn in and Lockwood Smith was elected Speaker of the House. This was followed by the speech from the throne on 21 December. John Key will continue to lead the Fifth National Government. Following the resignation of Smith, David Carter was elected Speaker.

The Parliament was elected using the mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) voting system. Members of Parliament (MPs) represent 70 geographical electorates: 16 in the South Island, 47 in the North Island and 7 Māori electorates. The remaining 51 members were elected from party lists using the Sainte-Laguë method to realise proportionality.

Electorate boundaries for 50th Parliament[edit]

Electoral Results 2011 Election

The Representation Commission is tasked with reviewing electorate boundaries every five years following each New Zealand census.[1] The last review was undertaken in 2007 following the 2006 census, and the electorate boundaries determined then were used in both the 2008 and 2011 general elections.[2]

The next census was scheduled for 8 March 2011, but it was postponed due to the disruption caused by the 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake.[3] The new date for the census is 5 March 2013,[4] and if the next general election will be held towards the end of 2014 as per the normal three-yearly election cycle, this should leave enough time to review the electoral boundaries for the 51st New Zealand Parliament.

2011 general election[edit]

The 2011 New Zealand general election was held on Saturday, 26 November 2011[5] and determined the membership of the 50th New Zealand Parliament.

One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives, 70 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 51 from party lists. Since the 1996 election, New Zealand has used the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting system, giving voters two votes: one for a political party and the other for their local electorate MP. A referendum on the voting system was held at the same time as the election,[6] in which 57.8% of voters voted to keep the MMP voting system.

A total of 3,070,847 people were registered to vote in the election,[7] with over 2.2 million votes cast and a turnout of 73.83%[8]—the lowest turnout since 1887.[9][10] The poor turnout was partially explained with many voters expecting the outcome to be a foregone conclusion, and a similar attitude was observed in 2002, when the Labour Party was well ahead in the polls and a low turnout resulted.[11]

The preliminary results published on election night indicated that the incumbent National Party, led by John Key gained the plurality with 47.99% of the party vote and 60 seats,[8] one seat short of holding a majority. The opposing Labour Party, led by Phil Goff, lost ground winning 27.13% of the vote and 34 seats,[8] while the Green Party won 10.62% of the vote and 13 seats[8]—the biggest share of the party vote for a minor party since 1996. New Zealand First, having won no seats in 2008 due to its failure to either reach the 5% threshold or win an electorate,[12] made a comeback with 6.81% of the vote entitling them to eight seats.[8]

National's confidence and supply partners in the 49th Parliament meanwhile suffered losses. Preliminary results indicated that ACT New Zealand won less than a third of the party vote it received in 2008, reducing from five seats[13] to one.[8] The Māori Party was reduced from five seats[13] to three,[8] as the party vote split between the Māori Party and former Māori Party MP Hone Harawira's Mana Party. United Future lost party votes, but retained their one seat in Parliament.[8][13]

The poor results for both the Labour Party and ACT resulted in changes to their leaderships. Labour leader Phil Goff and deputy Annette King announced on 29 November 2011 that they had tendered their resignations from the party leadership effective 13 December 2011, with both keeping their electorate representations.[14] ACT leader Don Brash failed to get re-elected to Parliament due to the poor party vote and resigned his party leadership on the night of the election.[15]

On 10 December, the final results were published after the counting of the special votes. The main changes were that the National Party's vote share had decreased to 47.31%, resulting in 59 seats—one less than the 60 based on the preliminary results. The Green Party vote rose to 11.06%, which gained it one seat and is now eligible for 14 seats.[16] The redistribution of the seats means that the lowest-placed National member who qualified based on the preliminary results, Aaron Gilmore (a member of the 49th Parliament), was not returned again. The next person on the Green Party list, Mojo Mathers (a new MP), took the seat.[17]

The Christchurch Central electorate, where the incumbent Brendon Burns (Labour) and Nicky Wagner (National) had received the same number of votes on election night, was won by Wagner with a majority of 45 votes, with Burns thus out of Parliament, as his list position is not high enough.[18] In the Waitakere electorate, Labour's Carmel Sepuloni achieved a majority of 11 votes as opposed to a 349-vote majority for National's Paula Bennett as indicated by the preliminary results.[19] Sepuloni would not have entered Parliament again without winning the electorate as her list placing was not high enough, meaning that she replaced the lowest-ranked Labour list candidate who qualified based on the preliminary results, Raymond Huo.[20] However, both electorates were subject to a judicial recount at the request of the Labour and National Parties, respectively, due to the tightness of each result.[20] As a result of the recount, Nicky Wagner was confirmed as the winner of Christchurch Central with a majority 47 votes on 14 December,[21] while in Waitakere, the recount swung the seat back to Paula Bennett with a majority of nine votes on 17 December.[22]

On election night, 25 new MPs entered Parliament.[23] With the changes in seats for National and the Green Party once the final count was released, this increased to 26 new MPs, with Mathers having joined the newcomers.[17] The final turnout of enrolled electors was 74.21%.[16]

Members[edit]

The tables below show the members of the 50th Parliament based on preliminary counts of the 2011 general election.[24]

New Zealand National Party (59)[edit]

The National Party won 47.31% of the vote, entitling it to 59 seats. As it won 42 electorates, an additional 17 members were taken from the party list.[8]

Nine new National Party members were elected, six from electorates and three from the party list. Fifty members from the 49th Parliament were returned.

Name Electorate (list if blank) Term in office Portfolios & Responsibilities
David Carter 1994–
  • Speaker of the House (Jan 2013 onwards)
  • Chairperson, Business Committee (Jan 2013 onwards)
  • Chairperson, Officers of Parliament Committee (Jan 2013 onwards)
  • Minister of Primary Industries (until Jan 2013)
  • Minister of Local Government (Apr 2012–Jan 2013)
Ministers in Cabinet [25]
John Key Helensville 2002–
Bill English Clutha-Southland 1990–
Gerry Brownlee Ilam 1996–
Steven Joyce 2008–
Judith Collins Papakura 2002–
Tony Ryall Bay of Plenty 1990–
Hekia Parata 2008–
Chris Finlayson 2005–
  • Attorney-General
  • Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations
  • Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage
  • Associate Minister of Maori Affairs
  • Chairperson, Privileges Committee
Paula Bennett Waitakere 2005–
  • Minister for Social Development
  • Associate Minister for Housing
  • Minister of Youth Affairs (until Jan 2013)
Jonathan Coleman Northcote 2005–
Murray McCully East Coast Bays 1987–
Anne Tolley East Coast 1999–2002; 2005–
Nick Smith Nelson 1990–
Tim Groser 2005–
  • Minister of Trade
  • Minister Responsible for International Climate Change Negotiations
  • Minister for Climate Change Issues
  • Associate Minister of Foreign Affairs
Amy Adams Selwyn 2008–
  • Minister for Communications and Information Technology
  • Minister for the Environment
  • Associate Minister for Canterbury Earthquake Recovery
Nathan Guy Ōtaki 2005–
  • Minister for Racing
  • Minister for Primary Industries
Craig Foss Tukituki 2005–
  • Minister of Commerce
  • Minister of Broadcasting
  • Associate Minister for ACC
  • Minister of Consumer Affairs
Chris Tremain Napier 2005–
  • Minister of Local Government
  • Minister of Internal Affairs
  • Associate Minister of Tourism
Simon Bridges Tauranga 2008–
  • Minister of Labour
  • Minister for Energy and Resources
  • Associate Minister for Climate Change

Issues

Nikki Kaye Auckland Central 2008–
  • Minister for Food Safety
  • Minister of Civil Defence
  • Minister of Youth Affairs
  • Associate Minister of Education
  • Associate Minister of Immigration
Ministers outside Cabinet[25]
Maurice Williamson Pakuranga 1987–
  • Minister for Building and Construction
  • Minister of Customs
  • Minister for Land Information
  • Minister of Statistics
Jo Goodhew Rangitata 2005–
  • Minister for the Community and Voluntary Sector
  • Minister for Senior Citizens
  • Minister of Women's Affairs
  • Associate Minister of Health
  • Associate Minister for Primary Industries
Chester Borrows Whanganui 2005–
    • Associate Minister of Justice
  • Associate Minister of Social Development
Michael Woodhouse 2008–
Todd McClay Rotorua 2008–
  • Minister of Revenue
  • Associate Minister of Health
Members of Parliament
Eric Roy Invercargill 1993–2002; 2005–
  • Deputy Speaker of the House
Lindsay Tisch Waikato 1999–
  • Assistant Speaker of the House
Louise Upston Taupō 2008–
  • Senior Whip
  • Caucus Representative to the National Board of Directors
Tim Macindoe Hamilton West 2008–
  • Junior Whip
  • Chairperson, Justice and Electoral Committee
Jami-Lee Ross Botany 2011–
  • Junior Whip (Third Whip)
  • Baby of the House (Youngest MP)
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Law and Order Committee
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Transport and Industrial Relations Committee
Melissa Lee 2008–
John Hayes Wairarapa 2005–
Shane Ardern Taranaki-King Country 1998–
  • Chairperson, Primary Production Committee
Chris Auchinvole 2005–
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Government Administration Committee
Kanwal Singh Bakshi 2008–
Maggie Barry North Shore 2011–
David Bennett Hamilton East 2005–
  • Chairperson, Transport and Industrial Relations Committee
Jackie Blue 2005–
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Health Committee
Cam Calder 2009–
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Justice and Electoral Committee
Jacqui Dean Waitaki 2005–
  • Chairperson, Law and Order Committee
Paul Goldsmith 2011–
  • Chairperson, Finance and Expenditure Committee
Phil Heatley Whangarei 1999–
Tau Henare 1993–1999; 2005–
  • Chairperson, Maori Affairs Committee
Paul Hutchison Hunua 1999–
  • Chairperson, Health Committee
Colin King Kaikōura 2005–
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Education and Science Committee
Peseta Sam Lotu-Iiga Maungakiekie 2008–
  • Chairperson, Social Services Committee
Ian McKelvie Rangitīkei 2011–
Mark Mitchell Rodney 2011–
Alfred Ngaro 2011–
Simon O'Connor Tāmaki 2011–
Mike Sabin Northland 2011–
Katrina Shanks 2007–
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Regulations Review Committee
Scott Simpson Coromandel 2011–
Nicky Wagner Christchurch Central 2005–
  • Chairperson, Local Government and Environment Committee
  • Blue Greens Caucus Representative
Kate Wilkinson Waimakariri 2005–
Jian Yang 2011–
Jonathan Young New Plymouth 2008–
  • Chairperson, Commerce Committee
Claudette Hauiti 2013– Entered Parliament May 2013
Paul Foster-Bell 2013– Entered Parliament May 2013
Joanne Hayes 2014– Entered Parliament January 2014
members of the National caucus who resigned, retired or died during the term of the 50th Parliament
Lockwood Smith 1984–2013 Resigned January 2013
Speaker of the House (until Jan 2013)
Aaron Gilmore 2008–2011; 2013 Returned to parliament January 2013; resigned May 2013
Jackie Blue 2005–2013 Resigned May 2013
Katrina Shanks 2007–2013 Resigned December 2013

New Zealand Labour Party (34)[edit]

The Labour Party won 27.48% of the vote, entitling it to 34 seats. As it won 22 electorates, an additional 12 members were taken from the party list.[8]

Four new Labour Party members were elected, three from electorates and one from the list. Thirty members from the 49th Parliament were returned.

Name Electorate (list if blank) Term in office Portfolios & Responsibilities
Shadow Cabinet [26]
David Cunliffe New Lynn 1999–
  • Leader of the Opposition
  • Leader of the Labour Party
  • Spokesperson for the Security Intelligence Service and Science and Innovation
Grant Robertson Wellington Central 2008–
  • Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
  • Spokesperson for the Environment, and Tertiary Education, Skills and Training
David Parker 2002–
  • Spokesperson for Finance
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Privileges Committee
Jacinda Ardern 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Social Development
David Cunliffe New Lynn 1999–
  • Spokesperson for Economic Development
  • Associate Spokesperson for Finance
Clayton Cosgrove 1999–
  • Spokesperson for State Owned Enterprises, Commerce, Small Business, and Trade Negotiations
  • Associate Spokesperson for Finance
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Commerce Committee
Shane Jones 2005–
  • Spokesperson for Regional Development, Economic Development (Māori), and Fisheries
  • Associate Spokesperson for Finance
Nanaia Mahuta Hauraki-Waikato 1996–
  • Spokesperson for Education
  • Associate Spokesperson for Māori Affairs
Maryan Street 2005–
  • Spokesperson for Health, and Disarmament and Arms Control
  • Associate Spokesperson for Foreign Affairs
Su'a William Sio Mangere 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Employment, Pacific Island Affairs, and Inter-Faith Dialogue
  • Associate Spokesperson for Foreign Affairs
Phil Twyford Te Atatū 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Transport and Auckland Issues
  • Associate Spokesperson for the Environment
Trevor Mallard Hutt South 1984–1990; 1993–
  • Shadow Leader of the House
  • Spokesperson for the America's Cup
  • Associate Spokesperson for Finance
Chris Hipkins Rimutaka 2008–
  • Senior Whip
  • Spokesperson for State Services
  • Associate Spokesperson for Education
Phil Goff Mount Roskill 1981–1990; 1993–
  • Spokesperson for Foreign Affairs and Trade
Annette King Rongotai 1984–1990; 1993–
  • Spokesperson for Housing, and Local Government
Darien Fenton 2005–
  • Junior Whip
  • Spokesperson for Labour, and Immigration
Damien O'Connor West Coast-Tasman 1993–2008; 2009–
  • Spokesperson for Primary Industries, and Food Safety
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Primary Production Committee
Clare Curran Dunedin South 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Communications and Information Technology, Broadcasting, Open Government, and Disability Issues
Members of Parliament
Ross Robertson Manukau East 1987–
  • Assistant Speaker of the House
  • Spokesperson for Racing
  • Associate Spokesperson for Disarmament and Arms Control (Small Arms)
David Clark Dunedin North 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Revenue
  • Associate Spokesperson for Tertiary Education
Ruth Dyson Port Hills 1993–
  • Spokesperson for Conservation, Internal Affairs and Senior Citizens
  • Chairperson, Government Administration Committee
Kris Faafoi Mana 2010–
  • Spokesperson for Police, and Customs
  • Associate Spokesperson for Health
Raymond Huo 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Building and Construction, Statistics and Land Information
Iain Lees-Galloway Palmerston North 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Defence, Transport Safety and Veteran's Affairs
  • Associate Spokesperson for Health
Andrew Little 2011–
  • Spokesperson for ACC
Moana Mackey 2003–
  • Spokesperson for Energy, and Climate Change Issues
Sue Moroney 2005–
  • Spokesperson for Early Childhood Education, and Women's Affairs
Rajen Prasad 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Ethnic Affairs
  • Associate Spokesperson for Social Development
Rino Tirikatene Te Tai Tonga 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Tourism
Louisa Wall Manurewa 2008; 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Sport and Recreation, and the Community and Voluntary Sector
Megan Woods Wigram 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Youth Affairs
  • Associate Spokesperson for Science and Innovation
Carol Beaumont 2008–2011; 2013– * Returned to Parliament as a List MP, replacing Charles Chauvel
Meka Whaitiri 2013– * Elected to Parliament in a by-election, replacing Parekura Horomia
Poto Williams 2013- * Elected to Parliament in a by-election, replacing Lianne Dalziel
members of the Labour caucus who resigned, retired or died during the term of the 50th Parliament
Charles Chauvel 2006–2013
  • Resigned March 2013, replaced by Carol Beaumont
  • Shadow Attorney General
  • Spokesperson for Justice, Courts, Corrections, and Arts, Culture and Heritage
  • Chairperson, Regulations Review Committee
Parekura Horomia Ikaroa-Rāwhiti 1999–2013
  • Died 29 April 2013,[27] replaced by Meka Whaitiri
  • Spokesperson for Maori Affairs, and Treaty Of Waitangi Negotiations
  • Deputy-Chairperson, Maori Affairs Committee
Lianne Dalziel Christchurch East 1990–
  • Spokesperson for Canterbury Earthquake Recovery, Civil Defence and Emergency Management, Earthquake Commission, and Consumer Rights and Standards
  • Associate Spokesperson for Justice
  • Resigned to contest Christchurch mayoralty, replaced by Poto Williams

Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand (14)[edit]

The Green Party won 11.06% of the vote, entitling it to 14 seats. As it did not win any electorate, all members were taken from the party list.[8]

Seven new Green Party members were elected, with seven members from the 49th Parliament returning.

Mojo Mathers, elected as number 14 on the list, is New Zealand's first profoundly deaf MP.[28][29]

Name Electorate (list if blank) Term in office Portfolios & Responsibilities
Russel Norman 2008–
  • Co-leader of the Green Party
  • Spokesperson for Environment
  • Spokesperson for Economics & Finance
Metiria Turei 2002–
  • Co-leader of the Green Party
  • Spokesperson for Social Equity
  • Spokesperson for Electoral Reform
  • Spokesperson for Māori and Treaty Issues
  • Spokesperson for Housing
  • Spokesperson for Children
Steffan Browning 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Agriculture
  • Spokesperson for Fisheries
  • Spokesperson for Organics
  • Spokesperson for GE
  • Spokesperson for Forestry
  • Spokesperson for Biosecurity & Customs
  • Spokesperson for Security & Intelligence
David Clendon 2009–
  • Spokesperson for Small Business
  • Spokesperson for Corrections and Courts
  • Spokesperson for Tertiary Education
  • Spokesperson for Research & Technology
  • Spokesperson for Police
  • Spokesperson for Commerce
  • Spokesperson for Tourism
Catherine Delahunty 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Education
  • Spokesperson for Mining (Terrestrial)
  • Spokesperson for Toxics
  • Spokesperson for Te Tiriti o Waitangi
Julie Anne Genter 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Transport
  • Spokesperson for Justice
  • Spokesperson for Broadcasting
Kennedy Graham 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Disarmament
  • Spokesperson for Global Affairs
  • Spokesperson for Climate Change
  • Spokesperson for Trade & Foreign Investment
  • Spokesperson for Constitutional Issues
  • Spokesperson for Defence
  • Spokesperson for Population
Kevin Hague 2008–
  • Spokesperson for Health and Wellbeing
  • Spokesperson for Commerce
  • Spokesperson for Small Business
  • Spokesperson for Tourism
  • Spokesperson for Biosecurity & Customs
  • Spokesperson for Cycling & Active Transport
  • Spokesperson for Sport & Recreation
  • Spokesperson for Rainbow Issues (co-spokesperson)
  • Spokesperson for Rural Affairs; associate spokesperson on Community Economic Development, Gambling, and Community & Voluntary Sector
Gareth Hughes 2010–
  • Musterer (Party Whip)
  • Spokesperson for Energy
  • Spokesperson for Oceans
  • Spokesperson for Mining (oceans)
  • Spokesperson for ICT
  • Spokesperson for Libraries & Archives
Jan Logie 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Income Support
  • Spokesperson for Immigration
  • Spokesperson for Women
  • Spokesperson for Pacific Island Affairs
  • Spokesperson for Ethnic Affairs
  • Spokesperson for Human Rights
  • Spokesperson for Rainbow Issues (co-spokesperson)
  • Spokesperson for Overseas Development Aid
Mojo Mathers 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Food
  • Spokesperson for Animal Welfare
  • Spokesperson for Disability Issues
  • Spokesperson for Consumer Affairs
  • Spokesperson for Civil Defence
  • Spokesperson for Natural Health
Denise Roche 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Industrial Relations
  • Spokesperson for Community & Voluntary sector
  • Spokesperson for Community Economic Development
  • Spokesperson for Waste
  • Spokesperson for Gambling
  • Spokesperson for Auckland
  • Spokesperson for State Services
Eugenie Sage 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Environment
  • Spokesperson for Conservation
  • Spokesperson for Water
  • Spokesperson for Local Government
  • Spokesperson for Christchurch
  • Spokesperson for Land Information
  • Spokesperson for Resource Management issues
Holly Walker 2011–
  • Spokesperson for Housing
  • Spokesperson for Electoral Reform
  • Spokesperson for Children
  • Spokesperson for Open Government
  • Spokesperson for Arts Culture & Heritage
  • Spokesperson for Youth & Students

New Zealand First (7)[edit]

New Zealand First won 6.59% of the vote, entitling it to eight seats. As it did not win any electorate, all members were taken from the party list.[8] Six new members were elected, in addition to two former members.

The party was reduced to seven MPs when it expelled Brendan Horan in December 2012.[30] Horan remained in Parliament as an independent MP.

Name Electorate (list if blank) Term in office Portfolios & Responsibilities
Winston Peters 1978–1981; 1984–2008; 2011–
  • Leader of New Zealand First
  • Spokesperson, Broadcasting
  • Spokesperson, Climate Change
  • Spokesperson, Defence
  • Spokesperson, Economic Development
  • Spokesperson, Finance
  • Spokesperson, Foreign Affairs
  • Spokesperson, Immigration
  • Spokesperson, Maori Affairs
  • Spokesperson, Racing
  • Spokesperson, Security Issues
  • Spokesperson, Senior Citizens
  • Spokesperson, State Owned Enterprises
  • Spokesperson, Trade
  • Spokesperson, Treaty of Waitangi Issues
Tracey Martin 2011–
  • Spokesperson, Arts, Culture and Heritage
  • Spokesperson, Communications and IT
  • Spokesperson, Education
  • Spokesperson, Research, Science and Technology (including CRIs)
  • Spokesperson, Women's Affairs
  • Spokesperson, Youth Affairs
Denis O'Rourke 2011–
  • Spokesperson, Attorney-General
  • Spokesperson, Christchurch Earthquake Issues
  • Spokesperson, Civil Defence and Emergency Services
  • Spokesperson, Constitutional Review
  • Spokesperson, Housing
  • Spokesperson, Justice
  • Spokesperson, State Services
  • Spokesperson, Transport
  • Associate Spokesperson, Climate Change
  • Associate Spokesperson, Economic Development
  • Associate Spokesperson, Local Government
Richard Prosser 2011–
  • Spokesperson, Agriculture
  • Spokesperson, Biosecurity
  • Spokesperson, Customs
  • Spokesperson, Fisheries
  • Spokesperson, Forestry
  • Spokesperson, Outdoor Recreation
  • Spokesperson, Police
  • Associate Spokesperson, Defence
  • Associate Spokesperson, Veterans' Affairs
Barbara Stewart 2002–2008; 2011–
  • Party Whip
  • Spokesperson, ACC
  • Spokesperson, Disability Issues
  • Spokesperson, Family Affairs
  • Spokesperson, Health
  • Spokesperson, Labour and Industrial Relations
  • Spokesperson, Tourism
  • Associate Spokesperson, Senior Citizens
Asenati Taylor 2011–
  • Spokesperson, Corrections
  • Spokesperson, Ethnic Affairs
  • Spokesperson, Pacific Island Affairs
  • Spokesperson, Social Policy / Welfare
  • Associate Spokesperson, Housing
Andrew Williams 2011–
  • Spokesperson, Building and Construction
  • Spokesperson, Commerce
  • Spokesperson, Consumer Affairs
  • Spokesperson, Conservation
  • Spokesperson, Energy
  • Spokesperson, Environment / RMA
  • Spokesperson, Internal Affairs
  • Spokesperson, Local Government
  • Spokesperson, Revenue
  • Spokesperson, Sports and Recreation
  • Spokesperson, Veterans' Affairs
  • Associate Spokesperson, Finance
  • Associate Spokesperson, Foreign Affairs and Trade
  • Associate Spokesperson, SOEs
members of the NZ First caucus who resigned, retired or died during the term of the 50th Parliament
Brendan Horan 2011–2012 Expelled from party; remained in Parliament as an Independent

Māori Party (3)[edit]

The Māori Party won 1.43% of the vote,[8] which is short of the 5% threshold. The Māori Party won three electorates and will thus be represented by three electorate MPs. The 1.43% party vote share entitles the party to two seats and with three electorates won, an overhang was caused, increasing the size of the 50th Parliament to 121 seats.

Name Electorate (list if blank) Term in office Portfolios & Responsibilities
Pita Sharples Tāmaki Makaurau 2005–
  • Minister for Māori Affairs
  • Associate Minister of Education
  • Associate Minister of Corrections
  • Co-leader of the Maori Party
Tariana Turia Te Tai Hauāuru 1996–
Te Ururoa Flavell Waiāriki 2005–

Mana Party (1)[edit]

The Mana Party won 1.08% of the vote,[8] which is short of the 5% threshold. Mana won one electorate and will thus be represented by one electorate MP. The 1.08% party vote share entitles the party to one seat.

Name Electorate (list if blank) Term in office Portfolios & Responsibilities
Hone Harawira Te Tai Tokerau 2005–
  • Leader of the Mana Party

United Future (1)[edit]

United Future won 0.60% of the vote,[8] which is short of the 5% threshold. United Future won one electorate and will thus be represented by one electorate MP. The 0.61% party vote share entitles the party to one seat.

Name Electorate (list if blank) Term in office Portfolios & Responsibilities
Peter Dunne Ōhariu 1984–

Independent (1)[edit]

Name Electorate Term in office Responsibilities
Brendan Horan 2012– Remained in Parliament as an Independent after expulsion from the NZ First party

ACT New Zealand (0)[edit]

ACT New Zealand won 1.07% of the vote,[8] which is short of the 5% threshold. ACT won one electorate and was thus represented by one electorate MP. The 1.07% party vote share entitled the party to one seat. Their sole MP resigned from Parliament on 13 June 2014.[33]

Name Electorate (list if blank) Term in office Portfolios & Responsibilities
members of the ACT caucus who resigned during the term of the 50th Parliament
John Banks Epsom 1981–1999; 2011–
  • Minister of Regulatory Reform[32]
  • Minister of Small Business[32]
  • Associate Minister of Commerce[32]
  • Associate Minister of Education[32]

Parliamentary business[edit]

The first sitting of the 50th Parliament was on 20 December 2011, with its main business the swearing in of new members and the election of the speaker. The State Opening was held on the following day by the Governor-General, Sir Jerry Mateparae.[34]

Under section 17 of the Constitution Act 1986, Parliament expires three years "from the day fixed for the return of the writs issued for the last preceding general election of members of the House of Representatives, and no longer."[35] The writs for the 2011 election are returnable on 15 December 2011.[36] As a result, the 50th Parliament will expire, if not dissolved earlier, on Monday, 15 December 2014.

By-elections during 50th Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 50th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Ikaroa-Rāwhiti 2013 29 June[37] Parekura Horomia Death[38] Meka Whaitiri
Christchurch East 2013 30 November Lianne Dalziel Resignation[39] Poto Williams

Summary of changes during term[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is the Representation Commission?". Chief Electoral Office. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Reviewing electorates - frequently asked questions". Chief Electoral Office. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  3. ^ "Christchurch quake: More liquefaction than Sept". 3 News. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Bascand, Geoff. "2013 Census announcement – Media Release". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "Key confirms election date". The New Zealand Herald. 2 February 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "MMP referendum to be held with 2011 election". The New Zealand Herald. 20 October 2009. 
  7. ^ "Enrolment statistics for the whole of New Zealand". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Preliminary results for the 2011 General Election and advance voting for the Referendum on the Voting System". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  9. ^ ""Decision 2011":Election Special Issue". Otago Daily Times. 28 November 2011. p. 2. 
  10. ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  11. ^ "Editorial: Low voting turnout a product of many factors". The New Zealand Herald. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  12. ^ Gower, Patrick (9 November 2008). "Winston Peters: Gone but never forgotten". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
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  14. ^ "Goff, King to resign in fortnight". Stuff.co.nz. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
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