51st parallel north

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51°
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51st parallel north

The 51st parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 51 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 16 hours, 33 minutes during the summer solstice and 7 hours, 55 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

The catchment area of London, the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, can be broadly defined by the 51st and 52nd parallels.[citation needed]

Around the world[edit]

Starting at the Prime Meridian (just north of the Sheffield Park Garden in East Sussex, England) and heading eastwards, the parallel 51° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
51°0′N 0°0′E / 51.000°N 0.000°E / 51.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian)  United Kingdom England
51°0′N 0°58′E / 51.000°N 0.967°E / 51.000; 0.967 (Strait of Dover) Strait of Dover
51°0′N 2°0′E / 51.000°N 2.000°E / 51.000; 2.000 (France)  France Nord-Pas-de-Calais — passing just south of Dunkirk and the northernmost point of France
51°0′N 2°34′E / 51.000°N 2.567°E / 51.000; 2.567 (Belgium)  Belgium Passing just south of Ghent
51°0′N 5°46′E / 51.000°N 5.767°E / 51.000; 5.767 (Netherlands)  Netherlands Limburg — for about 10 km
51°0′N 5°54′E / 51.000°N 5.900°E / 51.000; 5.900 (Germany)  Germany North Rhine-Westphalia — passing through northern Cologne
Hesse
Thuringia — passing through Erfurt
Saxony-Anhalt
Thuringia
Saxony — passing just south of Dresden
51°0′N 14°15′E / 51.000°N 14.250°E / 51.000; 14.250 (Czech Republic)  Czech Republic
51°0′N 14°34′E / 51.000°N 14.567°E / 51.000; 14.567 (Germany)  Germany Saxony
51°0′N 14°55′E / 51.000°N 14.917°E / 51.000; 14.917 (Poland)  Poland For about 4 km
51°0′N 14°58′E / 51.000°N 14.967°E / 51.000; 14.967 (Czech Republic)  Czech Republic
51°0′N 15°6′E / 51.000°N 15.100°E / 51.000; 15.100 (Poland)  Poland For about 3 km
51°0′N 15°8′E / 51.000°N 15.133°E / 51.000; 15.133 (Czech Republic)  Czech Republic For about 3 km
51°0′N 15°10′E / 51.000°N 15.167°E / 51.000; 15.167 (Poland)  Poland Passing just south of Wrocław
51°0′N 23°57′E / 51.000°N 23.950°E / 51.000; 23.950 (Ukraine)  Ukraine
51°0′N 35°20′E / 51.000°N 35.333°E / 51.000; 35.333 (Russia)  Russia
51°0′N 49°19′E / 51.000°N 49.317°E / 51.000; 49.317 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan
51°0′N 54°11′E / 51.000°N 54.183°E / 51.000; 54.183 (Russia)  Russia
51°0′N 56°29′E / 51.000°N 56.483°E / 51.000; 56.483 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan For about 10 km
51°0′N 56°37′E / 51.000°N 56.617°E / 51.000; 56.617 (Russia)  Russia For about 9 km
51°0′N 56°45′E / 51.000°N 56.750°E / 51.000; 56.750 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan
51°0′N 57°18′E / 51.000°N 57.300°E / 51.000; 57.300 (Russia)  Russia
51°0′N 57°45′E / 51.000°N 57.750°E / 51.000; 57.750 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan
51°0′N 58°36′E / 51.000°N 58.600°E / 51.000; 58.600 (Russia)  Russia
51°0′N 61°30′E / 51.000°N 61.500°E / 51.000; 61.500 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan
51°0′N 79°53′E / 51.000°N 79.883°E / 51.000; 79.883 (Russia)  Russia
51°0′N 80°28′E / 51.000°N 80.467°E / 51.000; 80.467 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan
51°0′N 81°5′E / 51.000°N 81.083°E / 51.000; 81.083 (Russia)  Russia
51°0′N 83°7′E / 51.000°N 83.117°E / 51.000; 83.117 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan For about 5 km
51°0′N 83°11′E / 51.000°N 83.183°E / 51.000; 83.183 (Russia)  Russia For about 2 km
51°0′N 83°13′E / 51.000°N 83.217°E / 51.000; 83.217 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan For about 15 km
51°0′N 83°26′E / 51.000°N 83.433°E / 51.000; 83.433 (Russia)  Russia
51°0′N 97°50′E / 51.000°N 97.833°E / 51.000; 97.833 (Mongolia)  Mongolia
51°0′N 102°15′E / 51.000°N 102.250°E / 51.000; 102.250 (Russia)  Russia
51°0′N 119°37′E / 51.000°N 119.617°E / 51.000; 119.617 (China)  People's Republic of China Inner Mongolia
Heilongjiang
51°0′N 127°0′E / 51.000°N 127.000°E / 51.000; 127.000 (Russia)  Russia
51°0′N 140°38′E / 51.000°N 140.633°E / 51.000; 140.633 (Strait of Tartary) Strait of Tartary
51°0′N 142°14′E / 51.000°N 142.233°E / 51.000; 142.233 (Russia)  Russia Island of Sakhalin
51°0′N 143°36′E / 51.000°N 143.600°E / 51.000; 143.600 (Sea of Okhotsk) Sea of Okhotsk
51°0′N 156°46′E / 51.000°N 156.767°E / 51.000; 156.767 (Russia)  Russia Kamchatka Peninsula
51°0′N 156°51′E / 51.000°N 156.850°E / 51.000; 156.850 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Passing just south of Amatignak Island, Alaska,  United States
Passing just north of Vancouver Island, British Columbia,  Canada
51°0′N 127°31′W / 51.000°N 127.517°W / 51.000; -127.517 (Canada)  Canada British Columbia - passing through city of Revelstoke
Alberta — passing through city of Calgary
Saskatchewan
Manitoba
Ontario
Quebec
51°0′N 58°48′W / 51.000°N 58.800°W / 51.000; -58.800 (Gulf of Saint Lawrence) Gulf of Saint Lawrence
51°0′N 57°3′W / 51.000°N 57.050°W / 51.000; -57.050 (Canada)  Canada Newfoundland and Labrador — island of Newfoundland
51°0′N 55°50′W / 51.000°N 55.833°W / 51.000; -55.833 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Passing just north of Groais Island, Newfoundland and Labrador,  Canada
51°0′N 4°32′W / 51.000°N 4.533°W / 51.000; -4.533 (United Kingdom)  United Kingdom England — passing just north of Southampton

Russian America 1799–1824/25[edit]

In 1799 Paul I, Tsar of the Russian Empire, issued a ukase creating the Russian-American Company (RAC). It was granted monopolistic control north of the 55th parallel north, which had been the Russian claim since 1790, as well as the right to operate and occupy territory to the south as long as the lands had not been previously occupied, or dependent on any other nation.[2] In 1821 the RAC's charter was renewed and at the same time an ukase proclaimed that Russian sovereignty extended south to the 51st parallel, and that waters north of that line were closed to foreign shipping. The ukase was met with strong objections by the United States and Great Britain. Subsequent negotiations resulted in a clear and permanent boundary for Russian America, the southward terminus of which was established at 54°40′ north.[3]

See also[edit]


References[edit]