521st Air Mobility Operations Wing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
521st Air Mobility Operations Wing Air Mobility Command.svg
521st Air Mobility Operations Wing.png
Active 1942-1947; 1949-18 November 1960; 2008 - Present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Logistics Coordination
Size 1800 airmen permanently assigned plus 900 deployed to wing
Part of Air Mobility Command
Eighteenth Air Force
United States Air Force Expeditionary Center
Garrison/HQ Ramstein Air Base
Engagements European Theater of World War II
Decorations Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Nancy Bozzer[1]

The 521st Air Mobility Operations Wing (AMOW) is part of Air Mobility Command and is stationed at Ramstein Air Base, Germany. It coordinates logistical air movements into, out of, and through Europe.

Mission[edit]

The 521st AMOW expedites warfighting and humanitarian efforts by the United States Air Force throughout Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. It provides all command and control, en route maintenance support and air transportation services for air mobility operations in its area of responsibility.[2] It performs this through Aircraft Maintenance Units, Maintenance Operations Centers, Quality Assurance, Regional Training Center, fuel cell, Aerospace Ground Equipment, Forward Supply Location, and Maintenance Recovery Teams. It operates Air Terminal Operations Centers, providing passenger and fleet services, cargo processing, special handling, ramp services, and load planning.[2]

Organization[edit]

The 521st wing is composed of two groups.[3] These groups are assigned twelve squadrons and fourteen other geographically separated units.[2]

History[edit]

World War II and Occupation of Germany[edit]

The wing was originally constituted as the 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion The unit served as an aircraft warning unit in defense of the continental United States from 1942 to 1943. The battalion moved to England in 1944 where it provided communications support until the day after the Normandy landings when it moved to support the invading forces in France. It moved frequently to support elements of Ninth Air Force, arriving in Belgium in September and Germany in March 1945. It continued it mission during the occupation of Germany from 1945.[4] At the end of 1945, the battalion was converted to an Air Corps unit, redesignated the 501st Tactical Control Group[4] and its component companies replaced by Aircraft Control and Warning Squadrons. It provided radar coverage and navigational aid to allied aircraft flying over the US Zone of Occupied Europe in 1946 and 1947. It was inactivated in 1947.

Cold War[edit]

The unit was reactivated as the 501st Aircraft Control and Warning Group in 1949 to replace the 7402d Aircraft Control and Warning Group.[5] Between 1949 and 1960, it provided tactical control systems, including aircraft control and warning facilities, passive detection devices and guidance units in central Europe.[4] In 1952, it became a tactical control group again. In 1954, the group moved to Landstuhl Air Base. Starting in 1955, it and the 526th Tactical Control Group provided personnel for a provisional Tactical Control Wing, which it replaced as the 501st Tactical Control Wing in 1957 to provide radar and aircraft control for all of Twelfth Air Force.[6] It operated the Tactical Control System to exercise operational control of offensive and defensive units in Europe.[7] In 1960s, its mission, personnel, and equipment were combined with those of the 86th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, which was redesignated the 86th Air Division (Defense).[8]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion (Separate) on 28 February 1942
Activated on 4 July 1942
Redesignated as 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion on 11 March 1943
Converted from the Signal Corps to the Air Corps and redesignated 501st Tactical Control Group on 31 December 1945
Inactivated on 25 September 1947
  • Redesignated 501st Aircraft Control and Warning Group on 11 May 1949
Activated on 10 June 1949
Redesignated 501st Tactical Control Group on 16 March 1952
Redesignated 501st Tactical Control Wing on 18 December 1957
Inactivated on 18 November 1960
  • Redesignated 521st Tactical Control Wing 31 July 1985 (remained inactive)
  • Redesignated 521st Air Mobility Operations Wing on 18 August 2008
Activated on 4 September 2008[4]

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Components[edit]

Groups

  • 521st Air Mobility Operations Group, 18 August 2008 – present
  • 721st Air Mobility Operations Group, 18 August 2008 – present

Squadrons

  • 3d SHORAN Beacon Squadron,[6] 18 December 1957 - 1 May 1958
Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 6th SHORAN Beacon Squadron,[6] 18 December 1957 - 1 May 1958
  • 601st Tactical Control Squadron[10] (later 601st Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron,[6] 31 December 1945 - 25 September 1947, 10 June 1949 - 18 November 1960 (detached to Tactical Control Wing, Provisional 1955-1957)
Rothwesten AB, Germany
  • 602d Tactical Control Squadron[11] (later 602d Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron),[6] 31 December 1945 - 25 September 1947, 10 June 1949 - 18 November 1960 (detached to Tactical Control Wing, Provisional 1955-1957)
Giebelstadt AB, Germany
  • 603d Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron[12] (later 603d Tactical Control Squadron, 603d Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron),[6] 31 December 1945 - 25 Sep 1947, 10 June 1949 - 18 November 1960 (detached to Tactical Control Wing, Provisional 1955-1957)
Langerkopf, Germany
  • 604th Tactical Control Squadron[13] (later 604th Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron),[6] 31 December 1945 - 25 September 1947, 10 June 1949 - 18 November 1960 (detached to Tactical Control Wing, Provisional 1955-1957)
Freising AB, Germany
  • 615th Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron,Fixed,[6] 18 December 1957 - 18 November 1960
Schonfeld, Germany[6]
  • 616th Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron, 18 December 1957 - 18 November 1960
Ulm, Germany; Turkheim, Germany[14]
  • 619th Tactical Control Squadron,[6] 18 December 1957 - 18 January 1959
Birkenfeld, Germany
  • 807th Tactical Control Squadron,[6] 1 August 1951 - 18 November 1960

Awards[edit]

1 October 2008 - 30 September 2009

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 521 AMOW welcomes new commander A1C Haux, Hailey Kaiserslautern American, August 3, 2012 (retrieved Dec 20, 2012)
  2. ^ a b c Ramstein AFB Factsheet, 521st Air Mobility Operations Wing 30 Aug 2012 (retrieved Dec 20, 2012)
  3. ^ Ramstein AB News Release Wing activation of the 521st AMOW 9/10/2008
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j AFHRA Factsheet 521st Air Mobility Operations Wing
  5. ^ Abstract, History of 501st Aircraft Warning & Control Gp Jul-Aug 1951 (retrieved Dec 20, 2012)
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Abstract, History 501st Tac Control Wg, Jan-Jun 1957 (retrieved Dec 20, 2012)
  7. ^ Abstract, History 501st Tac Control Wing CY 1958 (retrieved Dec 20, 2012)
  8. ^ Abstract, History 86th Air Div Jul-Dec 1960 (retrieved Dec 20, 2012)
  9. ^ Air Mobility Command Factsheet, U.S. Air Force Air Mobility Center 6/11/2012 (retrieved Dec 20, 2012)
  10. ^ Formed from Company A, 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion
  11. ^ Formed from Company B, 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion
  12. ^ Formed from Company C, 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion
  13. ^ Formed from Company D, 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion
  14. ^ Abstract, History 501st Tactical Control Wing Jan-Jun 1959 (retrieved Dec 20, 2012)
  15. ^ Air Force Recognition Programs, Unit Awards (USAF Search Page for unit awards) (retrieved Dec 20, 2012)

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Further Reading

External links[edit]