52nd Fighter Wing
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|52nd Fighter Wing|
|Part of||United States Air Forces in Europe - Air Forces Africa|
|Garrison/HQ||Spangdahlem Air Base|
|Motto||"Seek, Attack, Destroy"|
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with V Device
|Colonel David J. Julazadeh|
|Victor E. Renuart Jr.|
|Wing badge||Quarterly per fess nebuly, first and fourth argent, each charged with a dagger in pale point downward gules, hilt and pommel of the same, grip or; second quarter azure; third quarter, sable.|
The 52nd Fighter Wing (52 FW) is a wing of the United States Air Force stationed at Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany. It was activated in 1948, but derives significant elements of its history from the predecessor Second World War 52nd Fighter Group, which is now the 52nd Operations Group, subordinate to the wing.
52d Fighter Wing is the official military nomenclature of the unit and it is commonly referred to as the 52nd Fighter Wing. It is often interchanged within military writing and speech, either way, without a specific choice of nomenclature. The Air Force Instruction Publication (Air Force Instruction 38-101), Chapter 5; "Procedures for Naming and Numbering Units", figure 5.1, gives an example of using 2nd Bomb Wing, and section 5.4.2; "Unit Kind", gives an example of 3rd Wing. Section 5.3.4. - Reserves numbers 101 through 299 for Air National Guard units giving position for the unit numbering.
The 52 FW maintains, deploys and employs F-16CJ and A/OA-10 aircraft and TPS-75 radar systems in support of NATO and the national defense directives. The wing supports the United States Air Forces in Europe - Air Forces Africa (USAFE-AFAFRICA), Supreme Allied Commander Europe with mission-ready personnel and systems providing expeditionary air power for suppression of enemy air defenses, close air support, air interdiction, counter-air, air strike control, strategic attack, combat search and rescue, and theater airspace control. The wing also supports contingencies and operations other than war as required.
The wing conducts operations at Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, one of 16 major operating locations in USAFE. The wing is authorized for about 5,560 active-duty members and about 210 Department of Defense civilians. The wing is organized with four groups responsible for operations, maintenance, mission support and medical operations, and has headquarters staff.
In concert with USAFE wings at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, the 52nd Fighter Wing directly supports the strategic mobility mission once conducted at Rhein-Main Air Base, Germany. The wing provides logistics support for C-17 Globemaster III and C-5 Galaxy aircraft, crew, passengers and cargo to sustain air mobility operations throughout Europe, Africa and Southwest Asia.
The 52nd Fighter Wing also supports USAFE's Joint Fires Center of Excellence, whose mission is to conduct joint and combined training focused on the effective integration and application of tactical fires.
52nd Operations Group (52 OG)
- 52nd Operations Support Squadron (52 OSS)
- 81st Fighter Squadron (81 FS); inactive
- 480th Fighter Squadron (480 FS)
- 606th Air Control Squadron (606 ACS)
52nd Maintenance Group (52 MXG)
- 52nd Aircraft Maintenance Squadron (52 AMXS)
- 52nd Maintenance Operations Squadron (52 MOS)
- 52nd Equipment Maintenance Squadron (52 EMS)
- 52nd Component Maintenance Squadron (52 CMS)
52nd Medical Group (52 MDG)
- 52nd Aerospace Medicine Squadron (52 AMDS)
- 52nd Dental Squadron (52 DS)
- 52nd Medical Operations Squadron (52 MDOS)
- 52nd Medical Support Squadron (52 MDSS)
52nd Mission Support Group (52 MSG)
- 52nd Civil Engineer Squadron (52 CES)
- 52nd Communications Squadron (52 CS)
- 52nd Contracting Squadron (52 CONS)
- 52nd Force Support Squadron (52 FSS)
- 52nd Logistics Readiness Squadron (52 LRS)
- 52nd Security Forces Squadron (52 SFS)
- 470th Air Base Squadron (470 ABS) NATO Air Base, Geilenkirchen, Germany
52nd Munitions Maintenance Group (52 MMG) (custody and storage of tactical nuclear weapons)
- 701st Munitions Support Squadron (701 MUNS) Kleine Brogel Air Base, Belgium
- 702nd Munitions Support Squadron (702 MUNS) Buechel Air Base, Germany
- 703rd Munitions Support Squadron (703 MUNS) Volkel Air Base, Netherlands
- 704th Munitions Support Squadron (704 MUNS) Ghedi Air Base, Italy
- See 52nd Operations Group for World War II lineage and history
Established as the 52nd Fighter Wing, All Weather, on 10 May 1948, the wing served in the United States as an air defense unit in the northeastern United States from 1947 until the end of 1968.
The 52nd was reactivated on 18 August 1955 and designated 52nd Fighter Group (Air Defense). It was assigned to Air Defense Command and equipped with F-86 Sabre aircraft. It served once more as an air defense unit in the northeastern United States.
In December 1971, it became the host wing at Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, and inherited tactical squadrons from the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing at nearby Bitburg Air Base. The wing participated in numerous tactical exercises, operations, and tests of USAFE and NATO and provided close air support, interdiction, and base defense operations. It cooperated with other NATO forces in frequent "squadron exchange" programs and hosted US-based units on temporary duty in Europe. In January 1973, a Wild Weasel defense suppression mission was added. After October 1985, using the F-4 Phantom II model aircraft, defense suppression became the wing's sole tactical mission. In 1987, the 52nd acquired F-16 Falcons and became the first wing to integrate F-16Cs with F-4Gs to form hunter/killer teams within individual fighter squadrons.
It deployed aircraft and personnel to strategic locations in Saudi Arabia and Turkey in support of the liberation of Kuwait from September 1990 – March 1993. Near the end of 1992, it began receiving A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft. It received F-15 Eagles in 1994 but lost its F-4Gs. In January and December 1999, the wing supported Operations Northern Watch, Allied Force, and Decisive Forge with numerous deployments to Italy and Turkey.
Following the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and The Pentagon in the United States on September 11, 2001, the 52nd Fighter Wing began preparations for possible combat tasking.
Within one month the wing had deployed people and equipment in support of Operation Enduring Freedom in and around Afghanistan. The 22nd Expeditionary Fighter Squadron began flying operations at a deployed location in support of the war on terrorism within 100 hours of tasking notification.
Personnel assigned to the 52nd FW continue to deploy in support of Operation Enduring Freedom today.
In April 2010 the wing's strength was reduced by one third. Twenty F-16Cs were flown to the 148th Fighter Wing, Minnesota Air National Guard, one F-16 was transferred to Edwards Air Force Base, California. All aircraft were from the 22nd Fighter Squadron. As a result of the drawdown of F-16s, the 22nd and 23rd Fighter Squadrons were inactivated on 13 August 2010 and formed the a single "new" squadron, the 480th Fighter Squadron.
On February 16, 2012, Air Force officials announced the wing's 81st Fighter Squadron would be inactivated.
- Established as 52nd Fighter Wing, All Weather, on 10 May 1948
- Activated on 9 June 1948
- Redesignated 52nd Fighter-All Weather Wing on 20 January 1950
- Redesignated 52nd Fighter-Interceptor Wing on 1 May 1951
- Inactivated on 6 February 1952, personnel and subordinate units assigned to 4709th Air Defense Wing.
- Redesignated 52nd Fighter Wing (Air Defense), and activated, on 11 April 1963
- Organized on 1 July 1963
- Inactivated on 30 September 1968
- Redesignated 52nd Tactical Fighter Wing on 12 November 1971
- Activated on 31 December 1971
- Redesignated: 52nd Fighter Wing on 1 October 1991.
- 84th Fighter Wing (All Weather): attached 1 June 1949 – 2 June 1951
- 52nd Fighter (later, 52nd Operations): 9 June 1948 – 6 February 1952; 31 March 1992 – present
- 2nd Fighter-Interceptor Squadron: 1 July 1963 – 30 September 1968
- 22nd Fighter Squadron: 31 December 1971 – 13 August 2010 (detached 17 January – 15 March 1991)
- 23rd Fighter Squadron: 31 December 1971 – 13 August 2010 (detached 17 January – 15 March 1991)
- 39th Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron: 31 December 1971 – 1 January 1973
- 58th Tactical Fighter Squadron: attached 8–22 August 1975
- 81st Tactical Fighter (later, 81st Fighter): 15 January 1973 – present
- 98th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron: 1 July 1963 – 30 September 1968
- 105th Fighter-Interceptor: attached 1 April 1951 – 6 February 1952
- 334th Tactical Fighter Squadron: attached 9–23 September 1975
- 335th Tactical Fighter Squadron: attached 11–25 July 1975
- 336th Tactical Fighter Squadron: attached 29 August – 20 September 1976
- 457th Tactical Fighter Squadron: attached 13–27 August 1977
- 480th Tactical Fighter (later, 480th Fighter): 15 November 1976 – 31 March 1992; 13 August 2010 – present
- 562nd Tactical Fighter Squadron: attached 12–30 August 1977
- Mitchel Field (later, Air Force Base), New York, 9 June 1948
- McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey, 4 October 1949 – 6 February 1952
- Suffolk County Air Force Base, New York, 1 July 1963 – 30 September 1968
- Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, 31 December 1971 – present
- P/F-51 Mustang (1947–1948)
- F-82 Twin Mustang (1948–1952)
- F-94 Starfire (1950–1952)
- F-47 Thunderbolt (1951–1952)
- F-101 Voodoo (1963–1968)
- B-66 Destroyer (1971–1972)
- F-4 Phantom II (1971–1994)
- B-57 Canberra, 1974,1975
- A-7 Corsair II (1976)
- F-105 Thunderchief (1976–1977)
- F-15 Eagle (1994–1999)
- F-16 Fighting Falcon (1987–present)
- A-10 Thunderbolt II (1992–2013)
- Maurer 1983, p. 115.
- "Air Force Guidance Memorandum to (AFI 38-101)". Department of the Air Force. 28 September 2012. pp. 72 and 73. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
- - Retrieved 2014-09-16
- Maurer 1983, p. 114.
- Ivie, Tom and Paul Ludwig. Spitfires and Yellow Tail Mustangs: The 52d Fighter Group in World War 2. Crowborough, East Sussex, UK: Hikoki Publications, 2005. ISBN 1-902109-43-0.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories, 1947–1977. Maxwell Air Force Base, Montgomery, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1984. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.