IND Queens Boulevard Line

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IND Queens Boulevard Line
NYCS-line-black-Queens-Blvd.svg
Stations on the IND Queens Boulevard Line
are served by E, F, M and R trains.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Locale New York City
Termini 50th Street
Jamaica – 179th Street
Daily ridership 251,456 (2010, weekday)[1][note 1]
Operation
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Rolling stock R46, R160
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
IND Queens Boulevard Line
Jamaica – 179th Street
169th Street
Parsons Boulevard
Sutphin Boulevard
IND Archer Avenue Line
Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard
Jamaica Yard connection
Former IND World's Fair Line
Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike
75th Avenue
Jamaica Yard connection
Forest Hills – 71st Avenue
67th Avenue
63rd Drive – Rego Park
Woodhaven Boulevard
Grand Avenue – Newtown IRT Flushing Line
Elmhurst Avenue Never Built IND Winfield Spur to Rockaways
Jackson Heights – Roosevelt Avenue (unused upper level)
65th Street
Express Tracks diverge
Northern Boulevard
46th Street
Steinway Street
Express Tracks diverge
36th Street
IND 63rd Street Line
Queens Plaza
60th Street Tunnel Connection
IND Crosstown Line
IRT Flushing Line
Court Square – 23rd Street
53rd Street Tunnel
Lexington Avenue – 53rd Street IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street
IND Sixth Avenue Line
Seventh Avenue
50th Street IND Eighth Avenue Line

The IND Queens Boulevard Line is a fully underground line of the B Division of the New York City Subway in Manhattan and Queens, New York City, United States. The line provides crosstown service across Manhattan under 53rd Street and east through Queens to Jamaica. The two-track section in Manhattan is also known as the 53rd Street Line.

Description[edit]

The IND Queens Boulevard Line begins at Jamaica – 179th Street (E F trains) as a four-track subway under Hillside Avenue. Just after curving north under the Van Wyck Expressway, a flying junction joins the two-track Archer Avenue Line (E train) to the local and express tracks. Soon after, the line turns west under Queens Boulevard.

Vents at Broadway and 58th Street

East of Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike, another flying junction ties the eastward tracks to Jamaica Yard. The other side of the wye curves west to become a lower level of the subway just west of Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike. After passing through 75th Avenue, those tracks join the local and express tracks at another flying junction.

At Forest Hills – 71st Avenue, the M and R trains begin their westward routes. From here, the line (now carrying the E F M R trains) runs under Queens Boulevard until it turns north onto Broadway after Grand Avenue – Newtown. Near Jackson Heights – Roosevelt Avenue, an abandoned trackless tunnel for the IND Second System branches off into an unused upper part of the station which is used for storage. At the intersection of Broadway and Northern Boulevard, west of the line's Northern Boulevard station, the express tracks turn west under Northern Boulevard. The local tracks take a longer route, remaining under Broadway, then turning south onto Steinway Street and west again onto Northern Boulevard, where they rejoin the express tracks. This is only one of two areas in the subway where the express tracks diverge from the local tracks (the other being the IND Culver Line between Seventh Avenue and Church Avenue.)

As the line leaves 36th Street, the two-track IND 63rd Street Line (F train) splits from both sets of tracks at a flying junction, running to Manhattan under 41st Avenue. The Queens Boulevard Line continues under Northern Boulevard to Queens Plaza (E M R trains) before line splitting into three parts at another flying junction. The express tracks (E M trains) continue towards Manhattan under 44th Drive, while the local tracks split two ways, with the 60th Street Tunnel Connection (R train) turning northwest and the IND Crosstown Line (no regular service) remaining under Jackson Avenue (Northern Boulevard south of Queens Plaza). From this point on, the Queens Boulevard Line has only two tracks.

The line continues west through the 53rd Street Tunnel under the East River into Manhattan. After Lexington Avenue – 53rd Street, the westbound tracks rise above the eastbound tracks. A flying junction after Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street, ties the westbound tracks into the southbound local tracks of the IND Sixth Avenue Line, which begin here as a merge of these connection tracks and the IND 63rd Street Line. At that junction, the Sixth Avenue express tracks turn west under 53rd Street, just to the south of the Queens Boulevard Line. The two lines share platforms at Seventh Avenue, but no connecting tracks are present.

Then the Queens Boulevard Line turns south below the IND Eighth Avenue Line with separate lower-level platforms at 50th Street. Then the tracks split to join the local and express tracks of the Eighth Avenue Line north of 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal. At that station, a special lower platform, which is already demolished as of June 2013, formerly served a single southbound track from the Queens Boulevard Line, merging with both southbound tracks of the Eighth Avenue Line south of that station.

Services[edit]

  Time period Section of line
Weekdays Weekends Late nights
E full line (limited rush hour trips)
south of Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard (other times)
F north of 36th Street
M no service between Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street and Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (weekdays)
R no service between Queens Plaza and Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (all except late nights)

During daytime hours, the portion of the line between 36th Street and Forest Hills – 71st Avenue is served by four services: the E, F, M, and R. The M operates via Sixth Avenue and 53rd Street to Queens Plaza before making local stops to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue on weekdays. The R enters Queens Boulevard from the Broadway Line and the 60th Street Tunnel before making local stops to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue at all times except late nights. The F train joins the IND Queens Boulevard Line from the 63rd Street Line and runs express to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue before making local stops to Jamaica – 179th Street at all times. The E train runs from the Eighth Avenue Line and 53rd Street to Queens Boulevard before making express stops along the line (except evenings and weekends when it makes all stops east of Forest Hills – 71st Avenue and during late night hours when it runs local on the entire line) to the Archer Avenue Line east of the Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard. Limited rush hour E trains also run express to Jamaica – 179th Street.

The entire line is patrolled by NYPD Transit Bureau District 20, headquartered at Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard.

Station listing[edit]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Time period details
Neighborhood
(approximate)
Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
Jamaica Handicapped/disabled access Jamaica – 179th Street all E rush hours F all times December 10, 1950
169th Street local F all times April 24, 1937
Parsons Boulevard all E rush hours F all times April 24, 1937
Sutphin Boulevard local F all times April 24, 1937
IND Archer Avenue Line (E all times) merges
Briarwood Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard local E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends F all times April 24, 1937
connecting tracks to Jamaica Yard
Kew Gardens Handicapped/disabled access Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike all E all times F all times December 31, 1936
Forest Hills 75th Avenue local E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends F all times December 31, 1936
connecting tracks to Jamaica Yard; former connection to IND World's Fair Line
Forest Hills – 71st Avenue all E all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights December 31, 1936
Rego Park 67th Avenue local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights December 31, 1936
63rd Drive – Rego Park local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights December 31, 1936
Elmhurst Woodhaven Boulevard local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights December 31, 1936
Grand Avenue – Newtown local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights December 31, 1936
Elmhurst Avenue local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights December 31, 1936
Jackson Heights Handicapped/disabled access Jackson Heights – Roosevelt Avenue all E all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights August 19, 1933 IRT Flushing Line (7 all times) at 74th Street – Broadway
Woodside 65th Street local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights August 19, 1933
express tracks diverge (E all except late nights F all times)
Northern Boulevard local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights August 19, 1933
Astoria 46th Street local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights August 19, 1933
Steinway Street local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights August 19, 1933
express tracks rejoin (E all except late nights F all times)
Long Island City 36th Street local E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights August 19, 1933
IND 63rd Street Line splits (F all times)
Handicapped/disabled access Queens Plaza all E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights August 19, 1933
local tracks split to IND Crosstown Line (no regular service) and 60th Street Tunnel Connection (R all except late nights)
Court Square – 23rd Street express E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. August 28, 1939 IND Crosstown Line (G all times)
IRT Flushing Line (7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction)
53rd Street Tunnel
Midtown Manhattan Handicapped/disabled access Lexington Avenue – 53rd Street express E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. August 19, 1933 IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction) at 51st Street
Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street express E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. August 19, 1933
connection to IND Sixth Avenue Line (M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.) splits
Seventh Avenue express E all times August 19, 1933 IND Sixth Avenue Line (B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times)
Handicapped/disabled access[note 2] 50th Street express E all times August 19, 1933 IND Eighth Avenue Line (A late nights C all except late nights) (transfer in same direction only)
merges with IND Eighth Avenue Line (A all times C all except late nights)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Note: excludes 7th Avenue-53rd Street, Lexington Avenue-53rd Street, Court Square, and Roosevelt Avenue due to interchange status
  2. ^ southbound only

References[edit]

  1. ^ MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Retrieved 21 August 2011. 

External links[edit]