544

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This article is about the year 544. For the number, see 544 (number).
Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 5th century6th century7th century
Decades: 510s  520s  530s  – 540s –  550s  560s  570s
Years: 541 542 543544545 546 547
544 by topic
Politics
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishment and disestablishment categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
544 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 544
DXLIV
Ab urbe condita 1297
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 5294
Bahá'í calendar −1300 – −1299
Bengali calendar −49
Berber calendar 1494
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 1088
Burmese calendar −94
Byzantine calendar 6052–6053
Chinese calendar 癸亥(Water Pig)
3240 or 3180
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
3241 or 3181
Coptic calendar 260–261
Discordian calendar 1710
Ethiopian calendar 536–537
Hebrew calendar 4304–4305
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 600–601
 - Shaka Samvat 466–467
 - Kali Yuga 3645–3646
Holocene calendar 10544
Igbo calendar −456 – −455
Iranian calendar 78 BP – 77 BP
Islamic calendar 80 BH – 79 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar 544
DXLIV
Korean calendar 2877
Minguo calendar 1368 before ROC
民前1368年
Thai solar calendar 1087
Otranto seen from the Castle (2008)

Year 544 (DXLIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 544 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Persia[edit]

  • King Khosrau I unsuccessfully attacks the Byzantine fortress city of Dara. The siege of Edessa is repulsed and the Persians are forced into a stalemate.

Africa[edit]

  • Battle of Cillium: A Byzantine army under Solomon is defeated by the Moors on the border of Numidia. Solomon and his bodyguard are forced to retreat, but are later killed.[2][3]

Asia[edit]

  • February – Ly Bi is declared emperor and establish the empire Van Xuân (modern Vietnam). His armies repel attacks from the kingdom of Champa.
  • October – The Liang Dynasty retaliates against Van Xuân and sends an imperial army (120,000 men) under Chen Baxian to re-occupy the region.

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. Norwich, A Short History of Byzantium, p. 77
  2. ^ Kazhdan 1991, "Solomon", pp. 1925–1926.
  3. ^ Martindale et al. p. 1175–1176; Bury & 1958 p. 145