55th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
55th United States Congress
54th ← → 56th
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1897 – March 4, 1899

Senate President: Garret Hobart
Senate Pres. pro tem: William P. Frye
House Speaker: Thomas B. Reed
Members: 90 Senators
357 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Special: March 4, 1897 – March 10, 1897
1st: March 15, 1897 – July 24, 1897
2nd: December 6, 1897 – July 8, 1898
3rd: December 5, 1898 – March 3, 1899

The Fifty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1897, to March 4, 1899, during the first two years of William McKinley's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority. There was one African-American member, George Henry White of North Carolina.


Major events[edit]

Main articles: 1897, 1898 and 1899

Major legislation[edit]

Treaties ratified[edit]

Senate composition, by party:
  One Democratic, one Republican
  Silver Republican

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Silver Republican
End of the previous congress 40 4 44 2 0 90 0
Begin 33 5 43 2 5 88 2
End 34 44 90 0
Final voting share 37.8% 5.6% 48.9% 2.2% 5.6%
Beginning of the next congress 24 6 52 2 2 86 4

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 357


President of the Senate
Garret Hobart
Speaker of the House
Thomas Brackett Reed


House of Representatives[edit]


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1898; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1900; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1902.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 8

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 13
  • deaths: 10
  • resignations: 8
  • contested election: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 23



House of Representatives[edit]


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]