567th Air Defense Group

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567th Air Defense Group Airdefensecommand-logo.jpg
317th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Lockheed F-94A-5-LO 49-2577 1951.jpg
F-94As of the 317th FIS, stationed at McChord AFB
Active 1944-1945, 1952–1955
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Fighter Interceptor
Role Air Defense
Part of Air Defense Command
Garrison/HQ McChord Air Force Base

The 567th Air Defense Group is a disbanded United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with the 25th Air Division at McChord Air Force Base, Washington, where it was inactivated in 1955. The group was originally activated as a support unit for a combat group at the end of World War II but never deployed before it was inactivated in 1945.

The group was activated once again in 1952 to replace the support elements of the inactivating 325th Fighter-Interceptor Wing. A year later ADC established it as an operational headquarters for fighter-interceptor squadrons as well. It was replaced in 1955 when ADC transferred its mission, equipment, and personnel to the 325th Fighter Group in a project that replaced air defense groups commanding fighter squadrons with fighter groups with distinguished records during World War II.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

The group was activated toward the end of World War II as the 567th Air Service Group and trained to support a single combat group in an overseas theater.[1] Its 985th Air Engineering Squadron would provide maintenance that was beyond the capability of the combat group, its 1005th Air Materiel Squadron would handle all supply matters, and its Headquarters & Base Services Squadron would provide other support.[1] Inactivated before it could be deployed overseas.[2] It was disbanded in 1948.[3]

Cold War[edit]

During the Cold War the group was reconstituted, redesignated as the 567th Air Base Group, and activated at McChord AFB in 1952[4] in a major reorganization of Air Defense Command (ADC) responding to ADC's difficulty under the existing wing base organizational structure in deploying fighter squadrons to best advantage.[5] It replaced the 325th Air Base Group[6] as the USAF host unit for McChord.[7] while the operational elements of the inactivating 325th Fighter-Interceptor Wing[8] transferred to the 4704th Defense Wing (Def Wg). The group was assigned seven squadrons to perform its support responsibilities.[7][9][10][11][12] The group Also maintained aircraft stationed at McChord.[10]

The group was redesignated as the 567th Air Defense Group[4] and assumed responsibility for air defense of the Northwest United States.[citation needed] It was assigned the 317th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS) and 318th FIS, flying F-94 Starfire aircraft,[13] from the 4704th Def Wg as its operational elements.[14][15] The same day, the 465th FIS, flying radar and rocket equipped F-86 Sabres[16] was activated as the group's third operational squadron.[17] In July 1953, the 318th FIS moved to Greenland and was transferred from the group.[15] In December 1953, the 317th FIS converted to F-86's.[13] The group was inactivated[4] and replaced by the 325th Fighter Group (Air Defense)[18][19] as result of ADC's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars.[20] The group was disbanded once again in 1984.[21]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as: 567th Air Service Group in 1944
Activated on 7 December 1944[22]
Inactivated ca. 15 August 1945
Disbanded on 8 October 1948
  • Reconstituted and redesignated 567th Air Base Group, on 1 January 1952
Activated on 1 February 1952
  • Redesignated as 567th Air Defense Group on 16 February 1953
Inactivated on 18 August 1955
Disbanded on 27 September 1984

Assignments[edit]

  • Warner Robins Air Technical Service Command, 7 December 1944 - 1945
  • 4704th Defense Wing, 1 February 1952 - 8 October 1954[4]
  • 25th Air Division, 8 October 1954 – 18 August 1955[4]

Components[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

  • F-86D 1953-1955
  • F-94A 1953

Commanders[edit]

  • Unknown, 7 Dec 1944 - 19 December 1944
  • Lt Col. William H. Worley, 19 December 1944 - 1945[22]
  • Unknown 1 February 1952 -18 August 1955

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Coleman, John M (1950). The Development of Tactical Services in the Army Air Forces. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. p. 208. 
  2. ^ Coleman, p. 215
  3. ^ Department of the Air Force Letter, 322 (AFOOR 887e), 8 October 1948, Subject: Disbandment of Certain Inactive Air Force Units
  4. ^ a b c d e Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946 - 1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. p. 85. 
  5. ^ Grant, C.L., The Development of Continental Air Defense to 1 September 1954, (1961), USAF Historical Study No. 126, p. 33
  6. ^ Kane, Robert B., AFHRA Factsheet, 325 Mission Support Group (accessed 17 Apr 2012)
  7. ^ a b c Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 391–395. ISBN 0-912799-53-6. 
  8. ^ AFHRA Factsheet, 325th Fighter Wing (accessed 17 Apr 2012)
  9. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 134
  10. ^ a b c Cornett & Johnson, p. 141
  11. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 152
  12. ^ a b See Abstract, History of 567th Medical Squadron, Apr 1952 (accessed 17 June 2012)
  13. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson p.116
  14. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 387. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. 
  15. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 389
  16. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p.129
  17. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp.571-572
  18. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 207. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. 
  19. ^ AFHRA Factsheet, 325th Operations Group (accessed 6 Mar 2012)
  20. ^ Buss, Lydus H.(ed), Sturm, Thomas A., Volan, Denys, and McMullen, Richard F., History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air Defense Command July to December 1955, Directorate of Historical Services, Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, 1956., p.6
  21. ^ Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 575q, 27 Sep 1984, Subject: Disbandment of Units
  22. ^ a b c Abstract, History of 567th Air Service Group, Dec 1944 (accessed 17 June 2012)
  23. ^ AFHRA Factsheet, 465 Air Refueling Squadron (accessed 6 Mar 2012)
  24. ^ a b c d See Mueller, p. 395

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Further Reading

External links[edit]