575th Air Defense Group
|575th Air Defense Group
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Defense Command|
The 575th Air Defense Group is a disbanded United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with the 4708th Air Defense Wing at Selfridge Air Force Base, Michigan, where it was inactivated in 1955. The group was originally activated as a support unit for the 4th Fighter Group after the 4th returned to the US at the end of World War II and performed that mission until it was inactivated in 1947.
The group was activated once again in 1952 to replace the support elements of the inactivating 56th Fighter-Interceptor Wing. A year later ADC established it as an operational headquarters for fighter-interceptor squadrons as well. It was replaced in 1955 when ADC transferred its mission, equipment, and personnel to the 1st Fighter Group in a project that replaced air defense groups commanding fighter squadrons with fighter groups with distinguished records during World War II.
Strategic Air Command
The group was activated in 1946 as the 575th Air Service Group to support the 4th Fighter Group at Selfridge Field, Michigan. Its 1044th Air Engineering Squadron provided maintenance that was beyond the capability of the fighter group, its 1054th Air Materiel Squadron handled all supply matters, and its Headquarters & Base Services Squadron provided other support. The group transferred to Andrews Field, Maryland, where it was inactivated in August 1947 and its personnel and equipment were transferred to the 4th Airdrome Group, which assumed its mission under the experimental wing base reorganization. It was disbanded in October 1948.
Air Defense Command
The group was reconstituted, redesignated as the 575th Air Base Group, and activated at Selfridge in 1952 in a major reorganization of Air Defense Command (ADC) responding to ADC's difficulty under the existing wing base organizational structure in deploying fighter squadrons to best advantage. It replaced the 56th Air Base Group as the USAF host unit for Selfridge. The group was assigned seven squadrons to perform its support responsibilities. It also maintained aircraft stationed at Selfridge.
The group was redesignated as the 575th Air Defense Group in 1953 and assumed responsibility for air defense of the upper Great Lakes area. It was assigned the 56th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS), flying single seat North American F-86 Sabre aircraft, the 61st FIS, flying two-seat Lockheed F-94 Starfire aircraft, armed with 20mm cannon, and the 431st FIS, flying World War II era North American F-51 Mustang aircraft from the 4708th Defense Wing as its operational elements. The three squadrons were already stationed at Selfridge. In May 1953, the 431st FIS converted to Sabres and the following month moved to Libya and was assigned away from the group. Meanwhile, in April 1953, the 13th FIS, flying a newer radar equipped and HVAR rocket armed model of the F-86 aircraft was activated as a fourth operational squadron. In July the 56th FIS upgraded to newer radar equipped "Sabres," so that when the 61st FIS moved to Newfoundland and was transferred out of the group in August, all squadrons of the 575th were flying the same aircraft, the F-86D, for the first time. In September, the group's medical squadron responsibility expanded when the nearby Percy Jones Army Hospital closed.
The group was inactivated and replaced by 1st Fighter Group (Air Defense) in 1955 as part of Air Defense Command's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars. It was disbanded again in 1984.
- Constituted as the 575th Air Service Group
- Activated c. 5 September 1946
- Inactivated on 15 August 1947
- Disbanded on 8 October 1948
- Reconstituted and redesignated 575th Air Base Group on 1 January 1952
- Activated on 1 February 1952
- Redesignated as 575th Air Defense Group on 16 February 1953
- Inactivated on 18 August 1955
- Disbanded on 27 September 1984
- Fifteenth Air Force, ca. 5 September 1946 - 26 March 1947
- Strategic Air Command, 26 March 1947 - 15 August 1947
- 4708th Defense Wing (later 4708th Air Defense Wing), 7 February 1952 – 18 August 1955
- Selfridge Field, Michigan, 5 September 1946 - 26 March 1947
- Andrews Field, Maryland, 26 March 1947 - 15 August 1947
- Selfridge AFB, Michigan, 7 February 1952 – 18 August 1955
- North American F-51D Mustang, 1953
- North American F-86D Sabre, 1953–55
- North American F-86F Sabre, 1953
- Lockheed F-94B Starfighter, 1953
- See Robertson, Patsy (2011-08-22). "Factsheet 4 Operations Group (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
- Coleman, p. 208
- See Mueller, p. 9
- Department of the Air Force Letter, 322 (AFOOR 887e), 8 October 1948, Subject: Disbandment of Certain Inactive Air Force Units
- Cornett & Johnson, pp. 84–85
- Grant, p. 33
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 134
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 152
- See Abstract, History of 575th Food Service Squadron, Feb-Mar 1952 (accessed 17 June 2012)
- See Abstract, History of 575th Motor Vehicle Squadron, Apr-Jun 1952 (accessed 17 June 2012)
- See Abstract, History of 575th Supply Squadron, Feb-Jun 1952 (accessed 17 June 2012)
- Cornett & Johnson pp.142
- Cornett & Johnson, p.116
- Cornett & Johnson, p.117
- Cornett & Johnson, p.128
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 227
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 237
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 532-533
- Cornett & Johnson, p.114
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p.73
- Abstract, History of 575th Medical Squadron, Jul-Dec 1953 (accessed 17 June 2012)
- Maurer, Combat Units, p. 23 (ed.). Missing or empty
- Buss, Sturm, Volan, & McMullen, p.6
- Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 575q, 27 Sep 1984, Subject: Disbandment of Units
- Endicott, Judy G. (2010-06-16). "Factsheet 56 Training Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
- Robertson, Patsy (2009-05-22). "Factsheet 61 Fighter Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on February 27, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- See Abstract, History of 575th USAF Hospitsl, Jan-Jun 1954 (accessed 17 June 2012)
- Buss, Lydus H.(ed), Sturm, Thomas A., Volan, Denys, and McMullen, Richard F., History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air Defense Command July to December 1955, Directorate of Historical Services, Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, (1956)
- Coleman, John M (1950). The Development of Tactical Services in the Army Air Forces. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Grant, C.L., (1961) The Development of Continental Air Defense to 1 September 1954, USAF Historical Study No. 126
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Leonard, Barry (2009). History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense. Vol I. 1945-1955. Fort McNair, DC: Center for Military History. ISBN 978-1-4379-2131-1.