57P/du Toit–Neujmin–Delporte

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57P/du Toit–Neujmin–Delporte
Discovery
Discovered by Daniel du Toit,
Grigory N. Neujmin,
Eugène Joseph Delporte
Discovery date July 18, 1941
Alternative
designations
1983 IX; 1983g;
1989 XIV; 1989l;
57P/1941 OE;
1941 VII; 1941e;
57P/1941 O1;
1941 VII; 1941e;
57P/1970 N2;
1970 XIII; 1970i;
57P/1983 RD6;
1983 IX; 1983g
Orbital characteristics A
Epoch July 25, 2002
(JD 2452480.5)
Aphelion 5.176218 AU
Perihelion 1.729511 AU
Semi-major axis 3.452865 AU
Eccentricity 0.499108
Orbital period 6.42 a
Inclination 2.8447°
Last perihelion December 25, 2008
Next perihelion May 22, 2015[1][2][3]

57P/du ToitNeujminDelporte is the designation of a periodic comet. In 2002 it was discovered to have broken up into at least 19 fragments.[4]

Discovery[edit]

The comet has many co-discoverers and a complicated discovery history due to unreliable communications during World War II. Daniel du Toit discovered the comet on July 18, 1941 working at Boyden Station, South Africa. His cabled message about the comet did not reach his employer, Harvard College Observatory, until July 27. During a routine asteroid search, Grigory N. Neujmin (Simeis Observatory, Soviet Union) found the comet on a photographic plate exposed July 25. He confirmed his own observation on July 29, but the radiogram from Moscow took 20 days to reach Harvard. The official announcement of the new comet finally happened on August 20, 1941. A few days later, it became known that Eugène Joseph Delporte at the Royal Observatory, Belgium, also had found the comet on August 19, so he was added to the list of discoverers.

A few weeks later, news from Paul Ahnert at Sonneberg, Thuringia, Germany, reached Harvard that he also observed the new comet on July 22, but it was too late to recognize his contribution.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seiichi Yoshida (2010-03-24). "57P/du Toit-Neujmin-Delporte". Seiichi Yoshida's Comet Catalog. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  2. ^ Patrick Rocher (2009-11-24). "Note number : 0040 P/Du Toit-Neujmin-Delporte : 57P". Institut de mecanique celeste et de calcul des ephemerides. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
  3. ^ 57P past, present and future orbital elements (Kazuo Kinoshita)
  4. ^ "Spectacular Comet Breakup". Newsletter from the Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii (No.5 - Summer 2002). 2002. Retrieved 2011-08-29. 

External links[edit]

Periodic comets (by number)
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