||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2013)|
57th Wing Shield
|Active||November 20, 1940 – present|
|Type||Operational Test and Evaluation|
|Part of||Air Combat Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Nellis Air Force Base|
|Brig Gen Christopher M. Short|
T. Michael Moseley
The 57 WG's mission is to provide well trained and well equipped combat forces ready to deploy into a combat arena to conduct integrated combat operations.
The 57 WG is home to advanced air combat training. The wing provides training for composite strike forces which include every type of aircraft in the Air Force inventory. Training is conducted in conjunction with air and ground units of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and air forces from US allied nations. The crews do not come to learn how to fly, but instead learn how to be combat aviators.
The wing was reorganized in 2005 to reflect its current structure. It consists of four groups and two direct reporting units to the wing:
- 57th Operations Group (57 OG)
- 57th Adversary Tactics Group (57 ATG) (tail code: WA [the code for the 57th Wing])
- Established in July 2005, the 57th ATG consists of Aggressor squadrons that replicate adversary threat tactics while training combat air forces aircrews.
- 64th Aggressor Squadron: 15 Sep 2005-Present
- 65th Aggressor Squadron: 15 Sep 2005-Present
- 527th Space Aggressor Squadron: 14 Apr 2006-Present
- 57th Adversary Tactics Support Squadron
- 57th Information Aggressor Squadron
- 507th Air Defense Aggressor Squadron
- 547th Intelligence Squadron
- Composed of 16 squadrons, the U.S. Air Force Weapons School teaches graduate-level instructor courses that provide advanced training in weapons and tactics employment to officers of the combat air forces.
- USAF Air Demonstration Squadron - The Thunderbirds
- "America's Ambassadors in Blue," the Thunderbirds have performed for more than 300 million people in all 50 states and 60 countries around the world.
- 57th Maintenance Group
- USAF's most diverse maintenance group with over 2,200 Airmen, civilians and contractors in 3 squadrons, 8 Aircraft Maintenance Units, 13 flying hour programs and Air Combat Command's largest A-76 backshop service provider contract worth over $230M. Provides sortie generation, munitions and on- and off-equipment maintenance for 132 assigned A-10, F-15, F-16, F-35A and F-22A aircraft to support the test, tactics and training missions.
- United States Air Force Advanced Maintenance and Munitions Officers School
- Provides graduate-level instruction to maintenance and munitions officers in the USAF distinctive capability of Agile Combat Support (ACS).
The Thunderbirds and the USAF Advanced Maintenance and Munitions Officer School report directly to the 57th Wing commander.
- See 57th Operations Group for complete lineage and timeline information.
- See 57th Adversary Tactics Group and USAF Weapons School for the flying components of the 57th Wing.
- See USAF Air Demonstration Squadron for the United States Air Force Thunderbirds.
Established on 15 March 1948, the 57th Fighter Wing replaced 57th Fighter Wing (Provisional) in April 1948. It operated Elmendorf AFB, Alaska, and several satellite bases, and provided air defense of Alaska, April 1948-December 1950. In addition, the wing provided intra-theater troop carrier and airlift support, 1948–1950, using several attached troop carrier squadrons. In January 1951, it was replaced by 39th Air Depot Wing.
The 57th moved to Nevada and replaced the 4525th Fighter Weapons Wing at Nellis Air Force Base, in October 1969. At Nellis, it trained tactical fighter aircrews, conducted operational tests and evaluations, demonstrated tactical fighter weapon systems, and developed fighter tactics and from February 1970 to October 1979 and operated Nellis AFB for all base tenants. The USAF Air Demonstration Squadron (the "Thunderbirds") was assigned to the wing in February 1974 and has remained an integral part of the wing to present. The 57th assumed operational control of "Red Flag" exercises in October 1979; developing realistic combat training operations featuring adversary tactics, dissimilar air combat training, and electronic warfare. It incorporated intelligence training after March 1980. In 1990 the aggressor mission transferred to 4440th TFTG and later to the 414th CTS. The wing added instruction in hunter/killer counter electronic warfare tactics until 1996.
From 1992–1999, the wing operated detachments at Cannon Air Force Base, New Mexico, Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota, and Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana that flew and tested the F-111, B-1, and B-52 respectively. It added the 66th Rescue Squadron, equipped with HH-60 helicopters, on February 1, 1993 while the squadron was deployed in Southwest Asia. From 1991 to present, the 57th provided combat aircrew capabilities, operating the USAF Weapons and the USAF Combat Rescue Schools, developing techniques and procedures and conducting operational test and evaluation on all major aircraft in the AF inventory.
- Established as 57th Fighter Wing c. 15 March 1948*
- Organized on 20 April 1948
- Redesignated 57th Fighter-Interceptor Wing on 20 January 1950
- Inactivated on 1 January 1951
- Redesignated 57th Fighter Weapons Wing on 22 August 1969
- Activated on 15 October 1969 by redesignation of 4525th Fighter Weapons Wing
- Redesignated: 57th Tactical Training Wing on 1 April 1977
- Redesignated: 57th Fighter Weapons Wing on 1 March 1980
- Redesignated: 57th Fighter Wing on 1 October 1991
- Redesignated: 57th Wing on 15 June 1993.
*Note: The 57th Fighter Wing (Provisional) was established on 16 April 1947 at Fort Richardson, Alaska as one of the "Base-Wing" concept provisional Table of Distribution (T/D) organizations. The provisional wing was inactivated and replaced by the 57th Fighter Wing in March 1948 (exact date unknown).
- Alaskan Air Command, 20 April 1948-1 January 1951
- USAF Tactical Fighter Weapons (later, USAF Fighter Weapons; USAF Weapons and Tactics; Air Warfare) Center, 15 October 1969–present
- April 20, 1948 – January 1, 1951 (detached December 10, 1950 – January 1, 1951)
- November 1, 1991 –
- 57th Adversary Tactics Group, 1 July 2005–present
- 57th Test Group: November 1, 1991 – October 1, 1996
- 4440th Tactical Fighter Training Group (Red Flag)
- Attached October 1, 1979 – February 28, 1980
- Assigned March 1, 1980 – November 1, 1991
- 4443d Tactical Training Group: January 26, 1990 – November 1, 1991.
- 4th Troop Carrier Squadron: attached 2 Dec 1948-28 Feb 1949 and 14 Aug-14 Nov 1949
- 7th Troop Carrier Squadron: attached 28 Feb-1 Jun 1949
- 8th Troop Carrier Squadron: attached 1 Sep-2 Dec 1948 and 1 Jun-15 Aug 1949
- 37th Troop Carrier Squadron: attached 4 Jul-1 Sep 1948
- 54th Troop Carrier Squadron: attached c. 20 Apr-c. 1 Jul 1948 and 20 Sep 1949-31 Dec 1950
- 64th Fighter Weapons (later, 64th Tactical Fighter Training Aggressor; 64th Aggressor) Squadron: 15 Oct 1972-5 Oct 1990.
- 65th Fighter Weapons (later, 65th Tactical Fighter Training Aggressor; 65th Aggressor) Squadron: 15 Oct 1969-7 Apr 1989
- 66th Fighter Weapons Squadron: 15 Oct 1969-30 Dec 1981
- 414th Fighter Weapons Squadron: 15 Oct 1969-30 Dec 1981
- 422d Fighter Weapons (later, 422d Test and Evaluation) Squadron: 15 Oct 1969-1 Nov 1991
- 431st Fighter Weapons (later, 431st Test and Evaluation) Squadron: 1 Oct 1980-1 Nov 1991
- 433d Fighter Weapons Squadron: 1 Oct 1976-30 Dec 1981
- 4460th Helicopter Squadron: 1 Nov 1983-1 Jun 1985
- 4477th Test and Evaluation Flight (later, 4477 Test and Evaluation Squadron) Squadron: 1 Apr 1977-15 Jul 1990.
- USAF Air Demonstration Squadron: 15 Feb 1974–Present
- USAF Fighter Weapons (later, USAF Weapons) School: 30 December 1981–Present
- USAF Combat Rescue School: July 2, 1993 – July 15, 1995.
- Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, 20 April 1948-1 January 1951
- Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, 15 October 1969–present
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Rogers, Brian (2005). United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. Hinkley, England: Midland Publications. ISBN 1-85780-197-0.
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