583 series

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583 series
583 Aizu Liner Aizu-Wakamatsu 20080906.jpg
583 series on Aizu Liner service, September 2008
In service 1967–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation
Constructed 1967-1972
Entered service 1967-present
Number built 434 vehicles
Number in service 42 vehicles
Formation 6, 10, 12, 13 cars per set
Operator JNR (1967-1987)
JR Hokkaido (1987-1990)
JR East (1987-present)
JR West (1987-present)
Depot(s) Akita, Sendai, Kyoto
Specifications
Doors 1 per side (except dining car)
Maximum speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Traction system Resistor control
Acceleration 1.3 km/h/s
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC, 20 kV AC 50 Hz (583 series), 60 Hz (581, 583 series)
Braking system(s) Dynamic brake, Electro-pneumatic brake
Safety system(s) ATS-S, ATS-P
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Artist's impression of a KuHaNe 581 coach
Reliveried 583 series on a Kitaguni service, August 2005

The 581 and 583 series (581/583系?) are limited express electric multiple unit (EMU) train types introduced in 1967 by Japanese National Railways and operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) and West Japan Railway Company (JR West) on the through services express Kitaguni and other special trains.

The seats of the 581 and 583 series can be transformed into three-berth beds, enabling the trains to be used on both daytime and night train services.

The 581 series was introduced in 1967 on the Midori (Shin-Ōsaka - Kumamoto daytime limited express) and Gekkō (Shin-Osaka - Hakata night limited express).

The 583 series was introduced in 1968 on the Hatsukari (Ueno - Aomori via Tōhoku Main Line daytime), Hakutsuru (Ueno - Aomori via Tōhoku Main Line night), and Yūzuru (Ueno - Aomori via Jōban Line night).

These trains were subsequently used on other limited express services.

In 1982, when the Tōhoku Shinkansen opened, many cars became surplus to requirements, and some were remodeled into 419 series and 715 series EMUs.

Individual car types[edit]

  • KuHaNe 581: Cab car with air compressor and motor-generator (150 kVA)
  • KuHaNe 583: Cab car with air compressor and motor-generator (210 kVA)
  • MoHaNe 580: Motored car with two pantographs (1,500 V DC / 20 kV AC 60 Hz)
  • MoHaNe 581: Motored car coupled to MoHaNe 580
  • MoHaNe 582: Motored car with two pantographs (1,500 V DC / 20 kV AC 50/60 Hz)
  • MoHaNe 583: Motored car coupled to MoHaNe 582
  • SaHaNe 581: Intermediate trailer car. All withdrawn.
  • SaRo 581: Green (first class) intermediate trailer car. The seats cannot be converted into berths.
  • SaRoNe 581: Converted from SaRo 581 in 1985 for Kitaguni services. The berths cannot be converted into seats.
  • SaShi 581: Dining car. All withdrawn

Formations[edit]

(as of 1 July 2010)[1]

JR East (Akita Depot)[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 KuHaNe 583

JR East (Sendai Depot)[edit]

Set N1/N2:

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 KuHaNe 583

JR West (Kyoto Depot)[edit]

Sets B04-06:

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Numbering KuHaNe 581 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 583 SaRo 581 SaRoNe 581 MoHaNe 582 MoHaNe 582 KuHaNe 581
Seating arrangement in a 583 series coach

Preserved examples[edit]

As of 2012, three former 581 series cars are preserved statically.[2]

  • KuHaNe 581 8 at the Kyushu Railway History Museum in Kitakyushu, Fukuoka (cosmetically restored from its previous identity as KuHa 715-1)
  • SaHaNe 581 19 at the "Truck Kingdom" (トロッコ王国?) in Bifuka, Hokkaidō
  • SaShi 581 31 adjacent to the Hachinohe City Museum in Hachinohe, Aomori

References[edit]

  • J-Train (Japan: Ikaros Publishing). September 2002. 
  1. ^ "世界初の寝台電車 581系・583系 (581/583 Series - The World's First Sleeping Car EMU)". Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 39 (318): p.10–31. October 2010. 
  2. ^ Sasada, Masahiro (September 2012). 国鉄&JR保存車大全 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide]. Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 128. ISBN 978-4863206175. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Fukuhara, Shunichi (28 February 2011). 581・583系物語 [The 581 and 583 series story]. Japan: JTB Can Books. ISBN 978-4533081569. 

External links[edit]