58th Special Operations Wing
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
58th Special Operations Wing Shield
|Active||25 June 1952 – present|
|Part of||Air Education and Training Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Kirtland Air Force Base|
|Col. Eric Kivi |
The 58th Special Operations Wing (58 SOW) is a combat unit of the United States Air Force stationed at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico. The 58 SOW is part of the Air Education and Training Command (AETC) Nineteenth Air Force.
The 58 SOW serves as the premier training site for Air Force special operations and combat search and rescue aircrews. The wing provides undergraduate, graduate and refresher aircrew training for special operations, rescue, missile site support and distinguished visitor airlift helicopter, fixed-wing, and tilt-rotor operations. The wing employs more than 1,800 personnel and trains over 2,000 students a year.
The 58th Special Operations Wing’s mission is to train mission-ready special operations, combat search and rescue, missile site support, and UH-1 Distinguished Visitor airlift crews directly supporting Air Expeditionary Forces for the United States Air Force.
The wing operates eight different weapon systems: UH-1H, UH-1N, HH-60G, MH-53J, HC-130P/N, MC-130P, MC-130H, and CV-22 totaling more than 60 assigned aircraft. The wing teaches more than 100 courses in 18 different crew positions including pilot, navigator, electronic warfare officer, flight engineer, communications system operator, loadmaster and aerial gunner. Additionally, the wing responds to worldwide contingencies and provides search and rescue support to the local community. The 58 SOW should receive deliveries of the MC-130J and HC-130J in the Summer/Fall of 2011.
The unit also provides people and airlift needed in response to crises around the world and assists civilian authorities in regional rescues. Supporting the 58th SOW training mission are approximately 1,250 military and civilian personnel administering over 90 training systems courses in 18 different crew positions. Assigned units are:
- 58th Operations Group (58 OG)
The 58th SOW's Operations Group is composed of three flying and two support squadrons, as well as two geographically separated pilot training units, one at Fort Rucker, Alabama, and the other at MCAS New River, North Carolina.
- 23d Flying Training Squadron (23 FTS) (UH-1H & TH-1H) (Fort Rucker, AL)
- 71st Special Operations Squadron (71 SOS) (CV-22)
- 512th Rescue Squadron (512 RQS) (UH-1N & HH-60G)
- 550th Special Operations Squadron (550 SOS) (MC-130H, HC-130P & MC-130P)
- 58th Operations Support Squadron (58 OSS)
- 58th Training Squadron (58 TRS)
- 415th Special Operations Squadron (415th SOS) (HC-130J & MC-130J)
- 58th Maintenance Group (58 MXG)
- 58th Maintenance Squadron (58 MXS)
- 58th Maintenance Operations Squadron (58 MOS)
- 58th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron (58 AMX)
- For additional history and lineage, see 58th Operations Group
The 58 FBW moved to K-2 Air Base, later known as Taegu Air Base, South Korea, in August 1952. Fighter-bomber units like the 58 FBW provided close air support for United Nations ground forces. Often flying deep into North Korea's "MiG Alley," the 58 FBW targeted airfields, railways, enemy positions, bridges, dams, electric power plants and vehicles.
The 58th provided close air support for United Nations ground forces and attacked enemy airfields and installations. In 1952 and early 1953 the wing flew interdiction and close air support missions in as well as attacking special strategic targets such as military schools, dams, and port facilities. Having entered the war with slow, short-ranged F-84D ThunderJets, the 58 FBW transitioned in late 1952 to the new "G" model, designed with more speed and range. The wing attacked the major supply port of Sinuiju in September, inflicting heavy damage without loss of personnel or aircraft. Combining with other fighter-bomber units, it attacked the Kumgang Political School at Odong-ni, Kumgang County in October 1952 and the North Korean tank and infantry school at Kangso in February 1953. In May, the 58th bombed North Korean dams, flooding enemy lines of communication and rice fields. On 27 July 1953 it attacked runway at Kanggye and, with the 49 Fighter-Bomber Wing, bombed Sunan Airfield for the final action of the war. The wing earned a second DUC for its actions in the last three months of the war.
These missions were not easy and they came at a cost. By the end of December 1952, the war claimed 18 members of the 58 FBW. By war's end the toll rose even higher. Many wing pilots never came home. According to recent listings from the Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office, the fates of 14 members assigned to the 58 FBW are still unaccounted.
As the war raged on, the 58 FBW continued to play a vital role. Truce talks between North Korea and the United Nations stalled in the spring of 1953. As a result, the Air Force began attacking previously excluded targets in the north. On 13 May 1953, Thunderjets from the 58 FBW struck the Toksan Dam, near Pyongyang causing a massive flood. Floodwaters from the breached dam destroyed ten bridges, ruined several square miles of rice crops, flooded over 1,000 buildings and rendered the Sunan Airfield inoperable. Three days later, the wing attacked the Chosan irrigation dam with similar results. The Far East Air Forces commander later credited the 58 FBW by stating the destruction of the Toksan and Chosan irrigation dams resulted in the enemy coming to the truce talks in earnest.
The 58 FBW served in three Korean War campaigns and earned the Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for its actions in combat. After the armistice the 58th provided air defense for South Korea and deployed tactical components on rotational basis to Taiwan from January 1955 – February 1957. From 15 March 1953 to 8 November 1954 the 58th service-tested a "reinforced" wing organization, exercising direct control of the tactical components of the attached wings. In October 1958 it was re-armed with the TM-61C (Matador) tactical missile to provide a deterrent against attacks on South Korea, a mission that continued until 1962.
Fighter Training Wing
On 22 August 1969, the Air Force redesignated the 58 FBW as the 58th Tactical Fighter Training Wing and activated it under the Tactical Air Command at Luke AFB, Arizona. The wing conducted training of US, German Air Force, and other friendly foreign nation aircrew and support personnel, and participated in numerous operations and tactical exercises while operating Luke Air Force Base until April 1977. It managed Tactical Air Command's Central Instructor School from 1971–1981. Beginning in early 1983 it performed tactical fighter training for US and foreign aircrews in the F-16 Falcon.
In the fall of 1991, its primary mission expanded to include tactical training in the F-15E Strike Eagle all-weather strike fighter. By 1994, the wing had trained pilots and support personnel from the Netherlands, South Korea, Turkey, Pakistan, the Republic of Singapore, Norway, Greece, Egypt, Indonesia, and Venezuela.
In April 1994, the wing's mission changed from the training of USAF and Allied fighter pilots to the training of USAF helicopter air crews and moved to Kirtland Air Force Base. It also trained crews in special operations aircraft, including helicopters and modified C-130 Hercules aircraft. It performed pararescue training and search and rescue missions as well. Additionally, the wing trained for missile site support and airlift for distinguished visitors. At the same time the wing continued to deploy personnel worldwide for contingency and combat operations.
The wing airlifted a federal task force to Pennsylvania to investigate the crash site of the fourth airliner following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks. Since that time the 58th has deployed personnel and equipment to support Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Today, the wing trains aircrews in the MC-130 Combat Shadow and Combat Talon II variants of the C-130 Hercules and the CV-22 Osprey for the Air Force Special Operations Command; the HC-130 Hercules and the HH-60G Pavehawk for the Air Combat Command (ACC), Pacific Air Forces (PACAF), and United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE); the UH-1N Huey or Iroquois for Air Force Space Command; the TH-1H Huey or Iroquois for initial helicopter flight crew qualification; and those aircrew operationally gained to those commands from the Air Force Reserve Command and the Air National Guard.
- Established as 58th Fighter-Bomber Wing on 25 June 1952
- Activated on 10 July 1952
- Inactivated on 1 July 1958
- Redesignated 58th Tactical Fighter Training Wing on 22 August 1969
- Activated on 15 October 1969, absorbing personnel and equipment of provisional 4510th Combat Crew Training Wing
- Redesignated 58th Tactical Training Wing on 1 April 1977
- Redesignated 58th Fighter Wing on 1 October 1991
- Redesignated 58th Special Operations Wing on 1 April 1994.
- Tactical Air Command, 10 July 1952
- Attached to: Fifth Air Force, 10 July 1952 – 28 February 1955
- Attached to: Korean Air Division, Provisional, 314th, 1–14 March 1955
- Attached to: 314th Air Division, 15 March 1955 – 31 December 1956
- Far East Air Forces, 1 January 1957
- 314th Air Division, 1 January 1957 – 1 July 1958
- Twelfth Air Force, 15 October 1969
- Tactical Training, Luke, 1 April 1977
- 832d Air Division, 1 December 1980
- Twelfth Air Force, 1 October 1991
- Nineteenth Air Force, 1 July 1993 – present
- 49th Fighter-Bomber Wing: attached 16–31 March 1953
- 474th Fighter-Bomber Wing: attached 1 April 1953 – 8 November 1954
- 49th Fighter-Bomber Group: attached 16–31 March 1953
- 58th Fighter-Bomber (later, 58th Operations) Group: 10 July 1952 – 8 November 1957; 1 October 1991 –
- 474th Fighter-Bomber Group: attached 1 April 1953 – 24 November 1954.
- 69th Fighter-Bomber (later, 69th Tactical Fighter Training) Squadron: attached 1 Mar-7 November 1957, assigned 8 November 1957 – 1 July 1958; assigned 15 October 1969 – 16 March 1983.
- 310th Fighter-Bomber (later, 310th Tactical Fighter Training) Squadron: attached 1 Mar-7 November 1957, assigned 8 November 1957 – 1 July 1958; assigned 15 December 1969 – 1 October 1991.
- 311th Fighter-Bomber (later, 311th Tactical Fighter Training) Squadron: attached 1 Mar-7 November 1957, assigned 8 November 1957 – 1 July 1958; assigned 18 January 1970 – 1 October 1991.
- 312th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 1 October 1984 – 18 January 1991
- 314th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 1 October 1986 – 1 October 1991
- 333d Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 22 March-31 July 1971
- 418th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 15 October 1969 – 1 October 1976
- 425th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 15 October 1969 – 22 August 1979
- 555th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 5 July 5 – 29 August 1979
- 4461st Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 23 June 1976 – 1 July 1977
- Assets re-designated as: 461st Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 1 July 1977 – 29 August 1979
- 4511th Combat Crew Training Squadron: 15 October 1969 – 18 January 1970
- Assets re-designated asL 311th Tactical Fighter Training) Squadron
- 4514th Combat Crew Training Squadron: 15 October – 15 December 1969
- Assets re-designated as: 310th Tactical Fighter Training) Squadron
- 4515th Combat Crew Training Squadron: 15 October 1969 – 18 January 1970
- Assets re-designated as 426th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 18 January 1970 – 1 January 1981
- 4516th Combat Crew Training Squadron: 15 October 1969 – 18 January 1970
- Assets re-designated as 550th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron: 1 April 1970 – 29 August 1979
- 23d Flying Training Squadron: 1 April 1994 - present
- 71st Special Operations Squadron: 20 May 2005 - present
- 415th Special Operations Squadron: 12 September 2011 - present
- 512th Special Operations Squadron: 25 March 1994 - 6 October 2000
- 512th Rescue Squadron: 6 October 2000 - present
- 550th Special Operations Squadron: 1 April 1994 - present
- Itazuke AB, Japan, 10 July 1952
- Taegu AB (K-9), South Korea, August 1952
- Osan-Ni (later, Osan) AB, South Korea, 15 March 1955 – 1 July 1958
- Luke AFB, Arizona, 15 October 1969
- Kirtland AFB, New Mexico, 1 April 1994 – present
- F-84 Thunderjet, 1952–1954
- F-86 Sabre, 1954–1958
- F-100 Super Sabre, 1969–1971
- F/TF-104 Starfighter, 1969–1983
- Northrop F-5C/E Tiger/Tiger II, 1969–1979
- A-7D Corsair II, 1969–1971
- F-4 Phantom II, 1971–1982
- F/TF-15 Eagle, 1974–1979
- F-16 Fighting Falcon, 1982–1991
- UH/TH-1, 1994-present
- HH-60, 1994-present
- CV-22, 2005-present
- HC/MC-130P, 1994-present
- MC-130H, 1994-present
- HC/MC-130J, 2011-present
- Futrell, Robert Frank (1983) The United States Air Force in Korea, 1950–1953, Maxwell AFB, Alabama Office of Air Force History, ISBN 0-912799-71-4
-  Air Force Historical Research Agency
- 58 SOW Home Page
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- Rogers, Brian (2005). United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. Hinkley, England: Midland Publications. ISBN 1-85780-197-0.