Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||13h 16m 46.51596s|
|Declination||09° 25′ 26.9590″|
|Apparent magnitude (B)||5.81|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||5.22|
|Apparent magnitude (R)||4.8|
|Apparent magnitude (I)||4.5|
|Apparent magnitude (J)||4.392 ± 0.284|
|Apparent magnitude (H)||4.107 ± 0.208|
|Apparent magnitude (K)||4.033 ± 0.238|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||-25.9 ± 0.9 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: -333.83 ± 0.25 mas/yr
Dec.: 190.24 ± 0.17 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||56.95 ± 0.26 mas|
|Distance||57.3 ± 0.3 ly
(17.56 ± 0.08 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||4.00|
|Luminosity (bolometric)||2.15 L☉|
|Temperature||6234 ± 25 K|
History of observations
59 Virginis is known to astronomers at least from 1598, when it was catalogued by Tycho Brahe in his manuscript catalogue of 1004 fixed stars. Brahe designated it as "Parvula sequens vindemiatricem", which means in Latin "A tiny following Vindemiatrix" (that is Epsilon Virginis), and assigned it a visual magnitude 6 (a modern value of its apparent magnitude (in band V) is 5.22). Five years later in 1603 Johann Bayer pictured it on constellation Virgo folio of his celestial atlas "Uranometria" and designated it with number 37, letter "e" (hence its Bayer designation e Virginis, or e Vir) and name "Alæ dextræ sequens", which means in Latin "Following right wing". Bayer also assigned it a visual magnitude 6.
Four hundred ten years later in 2013 July Kuzuhara et al. announced discovery of orbiting this star planet b. The discovery was made using 8.2-meter Subaru Telescope of Mauna Kea Observatory, Hawai'i.
59 Virginis distance estimates
|Source||Parallax, mas||Distance, pc||Distance, ly||Ref.|
|Gliese & Jahreiss (1991)||74.2 ± 9.0||13.5+1.9
|van Altena et al. (1995)||63.0 ± 7.5||15.9+2.1
|Perryman et al. (1997)||55.71 ± 0.85||17.95 ± 0.27||58.5 ± 0.9||(Hipparcos)|
|van Leeuwen (2007)||56.95 ± 0.26||17.56 ± 0.08||57.27 ± 0.26||(Hipparcos)|
The best estimate is marked in bold.
Age and other characteristics
The star is a young Sun-like star of spectral type G0V with age estimate 160+350
−60 Myr and effective temperature 6234 ± 25 K (not much hotter than the Sun). It is also slightly brighter than the Sun, its log (L/L⊙) is 0.332 ± 0.032. Its rotation period is 3.329 days.
- Kuzuhara, M.; M. Tamura, T. Kudo, M. Janson, R. Kandori, T. D. Brandt, C. Thalmann, D. Spiegel, B. Biller, J. Carson, Y. Hori, R. Suzuki, A. Burrows, T. Henning, E. L. Turner, M. W. McElwain, A. Moro-Martin, T. Suenaga, Y. H. Takahashi, J. Kwon, P. Lucas, L. Abe, W. Brandner, S. Egner, M. Feldt, H. Fujiwara, M. Goto, C. A. Grady, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, Y. Hayano, M. Hayashi, S. S. Hayashi, K. W. Hodapp, M. Ishii, M. Iye, G. R. Knapp, T. Matsuo, S. Mayama, S. Miyama, J.-I. Morino, J. Nishikawa, T. Nishimura, T. Kotani, N. Kusakabe, T. -S. Pyo, E. Serabyn, H. Suto, M. Takami, N. Takato, H. Terada, D. Tomono, M. Watanabe, J. P. Wisniewski, T. Yamada, H. Takami, T. Usuda (2013). "Direct Imaging of a Cold Jovian Exoplanet in Orbit around the Sun-like Star GJ 504". arXiv:1307.2886.
- Baily, Francis (1843). "The Catalogues of Ptolemy, Ulugh Beigh, Tycho Brahe, Halley, Hevelius, Deduced from the Best Authorities. With Various Notes and Corrections, and a Preface to Each Catalogue. To Which is Added the Synonym of each Star, in the Catalogues of Flamsteed of Lacaille, as far as the same can be ascertained". Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society 13: 1. Bibcode:1843MmRAS..13....1B. (e Virginis: for Tycho Brahe's catalogue see page 149, for Hevelius' – page 235).
- Verbunt, F.; van Gent, R. H. (2010). "Three editions of the star catalogue of Tycho Brahe. Machine-readable versions and comparison with the modern Hipparcos Catalogue". Astronomy & Astrophysics 516: A28. Bibcode:2010A&A...516A..28V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014002.
- Bayer, Johann (1603). "Uranometria: omnium asterismorum continens schemata, nova methodo delineata, aereis laminis expressa". Uranometria in Linda Hall Library: link. Pages on constellation Virgo: Table, Map.