59th Infantry Division (United States)
|59th Infantry Division|
59th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia
|Branch||United States Army|
|Role||Diversion Phantom Formation|
|US infantry divisions (1939–present)|
|55th Infantry Division (Inactive)||63rd Infantry Division (Inactive)|
World War II
The division was presented to the Germans as having established its headquarters in the Harwich area after having been formed at Fort Custer in 1942 and undergone training in Tennessee, Minnesota and the Desert Training Center.
In Fortitude South II it formed part of US XXXVII Corps, US 14th Army and was depicted as one of the divisions that would carry out the first landings on the Pas de Calais beaches, landing at the central of the three notional landing beaches. During this period it carried out three simulated landing exercises with the notional Force F.
Most 'Phantom Division' insignia were designed by the Quartermaster Corps, however in the case of the 59th Infantry Division, its insignia, inspired by the Gadsden flag was created by American members of the Operation Fortitude staff.
In addition to the usual divisional support units the 59th Infantry Division was composed of:
- 94th Infantry Regiment
- 139th Infantry Regiment
- 171st Infantry Regiment
- Holt (2005). p. 905.
- Holt (2005). p. 907.
- Hesketh (1999). p. 418.
- Hesketh (1999). p. 474.
- Holt Thaddeus. The Deceivers: Allied Military Deception in the Second World War. Phoenix. 2005. ISBN 0-7538-1917-1
- Hesketh Roger. Fortitude: The D-Day Deception Campaign. St Ermin's Press. 1999 ISBN 0-316-85172-8