59th Infantry Regiment (United States)
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|59th Infantry Regiment|
coat of arms
|Branch||Infantry Branch (United States)|
|Motto||LET 'EM HAVE IT|
|Branch color||Light Blue|
|Distinctive Unit Insignia|
|U.S. Infantry Regiments|
|58th Infantry Regiment||60th Infantry Regiment|
It appears that the last remaining element of the Regiment, 1st Battalion, 59th Infantry, was part of the 191st Infantry Brigade until 1968. The 191st Infantry Brigade disbanded in 1968 and it seems likely that the 59th Infantry disappeared for all practical purposes at that time.
The 59th Infantry, organized in 1917 by transfer of men from the 4th Infantry, saw hard fighting as a part of the 4th Division in Champaign in the Aisne-Marne engagement, in Lorraine at St Mihiel and at the Meuse-Argonne. In the Aisne-Marne offensive the regiment did gallant service against the Chateau-de-Diable north of the Vesle River. In this action "a squad of machine gunners, in woolen olive drab uniforms were sighted approaching the flank of the 59th from the direction of the Chateau-de-Diable. Cautioned by one of his men that the approaching men were American the Sergeant commanding the flank platoon yelled, 'They come from the wrong direction, let 'em have it.' The dead men were later identified as Germans in American uniforms."
The coat of arms was originally approved for the 59th Infantry Regiment, Organized Reserves on 10 Sep 1921. It was amended on 18 Nov 1921 to correct the wording of the blazon. It was redesignated for the 59th Armored Infantry Regiment on 8 Jul 1943. On 30 Nov 1943 the coat of arms was redesignated for the 59th Armored Infantry Battalion. It was amended on 26 Oct 1951. On 16 Jun 1952 it was redesignated for the 59th Infantry Regiment, Organized Reserves. The coat of arms was amended on 24 Sep 1959 to withdraw "Organized Reserves" from the designation and to delete the Organized Reserves' crest. On 5 Aug 1970 it was amended to reinstate the crest of the Army Reserves and revise the symbolism.
Constituted 15 May 1917 in the Regular Army as the 59th Infantry. Organized 8 June 1917 at Gettysburg National Park, Pennsylvania from personnel of the 4th Infantry Regiment. Assigned to the 4th Infantry Division 19 November 1917. relieved from the 4th Division and demoblized 28 September 1922.
- Reconstituted in the Regular Army as the 59th Armored Infantry and assigned to the 13th Armor Division 7 July 1942. Activated 15 October 1942 at Camp Beale, California. Regement broken up 20 September 1943 and its elements reorganized as elements of the 13th armor Division and redesignated as follows-
- 59th Armored Infantry (less 1st, and 2nd Battalions) as the 59th Armored Infantry Battalion.
- 1st Battalion as the 67th Armored Infantry Battalion.
- 2nd Battalion as the 16th Armored Infantry Battalion.
Battalions Inactivated at Camp Cook, California 9-12 November 1945.
- withdrawn from the Regular Army and allotted to the Organized Reserve Corps 8 August 1947.
- 59th Armored Infantry Battalion activated 21 August 1947 with Headquarters at Phoenix, Arizona.
- 67th Armored Infantry Battalion activated 23 March 1948 at Los Angeles, California.
- 16th Armored Infantry Battalion activated 22 January 1948 with Headquarters at Tucson, Arizona.
16th, 67th, and 59th Armored Infantry Battalions consolidated to form 59th Infantry 22 February 1952. relieved from the 13th Armor Division, and assigned to the 96th Infantry Division, and reorganized 1 March 1952 with Headquarters at Phoenix. reorganized 20 May 1959 as the 59th infantry, a parent Regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System.
World War I
- St. Mihiel
- Lorraine 1918
- Champagne 1918
World War II
- Central Europe
- McGrath, The Brigade.
- Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman 
- Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).