5th Alpine Division Pusteria

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5a Divisione Alpina Pusteria
5a Divisione Alpina Val Pusteria.png
Coat of Arms of the 5th Alpine Division Pusteria
Active 31 December 1935 – 8 September 1943
Country Italy
Branch Regio Esercito
Type Alpini
Role Mountain Infantry
Size 17,460 men
Part of Italian Alpine Corps
1942-1943
Garrison/HQ Bruneck
Engagements Second Italo-Abyssinian War
World War II
Battle of France
Greco-Italian War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Giovanni Esposito

The 5th Alpini Division Pusteria was a light Infantry division of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat. The Alpini are a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II. The division was formed in 1935.

Order of battle[edit]

History[edit]

The 5 Alpini Division Pusteria was dispatched in 1935 to Eritrea were it participated in the Italian attack on Abyssinia. The division played a primary role in the Battle of Amba Aradam and the Battle of Maychew.

On June 21, 1940 (one day before the French surrender) the “Pusteria” division began to advance in southern France with other Italian units during the last days of the Battle of France.

The division was then sent to Albania, where it participated in the Italian attack on Greece.

After the German invasion of Yugoslavia the “Pusteria” was sent to Montenegro where the division was decimated greatly in heavy fighting against Yugoslavian Partisans. On 1 December 1941 this division was victorious against Partisans in the Battle of Pljevlja.

In August 1942, the division was repatriated and after two months of rest participated in Case Anton, the Axis occupation of Vichy France. Afterwards the Pusteria took up garrison duties in the southern region of Provence.

After the signing of the Italian armistice with the Allies on September 8, 1943 part of the division surrendered to German forces in Southern France while other units managed to return to the Italian region of Piedmont were they disbanded.