5th Avenue Theatre

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This article is about a Seattle theatre. For the similarly named New York theatre, see Fifth Avenue Theatre.
5th Avenue Theatre
5th Ave Theater Marquee (Seattle) 2007-08.jpg
Off-season marquee of the 5th Avenue Theatre.
Address 1308 5th Ave.
City Seattle
Country USA
Architect Robert Reamer
Owned by University of Washington
Operated by 5th Avenue Theatre Association
Capacity 2,130
Opened September 24, 1926; 87 years ago (1926-09-24)
Website
www.5thavenue.org
Skinner Building
5th Avenue Theatre is located in Washington (state)
5th Avenue Theatre
Location 1300–1334 5th Ave., Seattle, Washington
Coordinates 47°36′35″N 122°19′57″W / 47.60972°N 122.33250°W / 47.60972; -122.33250Coordinates: 47°36′35″N 122°19′57″W / 47.60972°N 122.33250°W / 47.60972; -122.33250
Area 1 acre (0.4 ha)
Built 1925 (1925)
Architectural style Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Other, Italian Renaissance
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 78002756[1]
Added to NRHP November 28, 1978

The 5th Avenue Theatre (often referred to as 5th Avenue or the 5th) is a landmark theater building located in Seattle, Washington, USA. It has hosted a variety of theatre productions and motion pictures since it opened in 1926. The building and land is owned by the University of Washington and was once part of the original campus. It is operated as a venue for nationally touring Broadway and original shows by the non-profit 5th Avenue Theatre Association. The theatre, located at 1308 Fifth Avenue in the historic Skinner Building, has been listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places since 1978.

The 2,130 seat theatre is the resident home to the 5th Avenue Musical Theatre Company, and employs over 600 actors, musicians, directors, choreographers, designers, technicians, stage hands, box office staff, and administrators, making it the largest theatre employer in the Puget Sound region. A non-profit, the theatre company is supported by individual and corporate donations, government sources, and box office ticket sales.

Currently, the 5th's subscriber season programming includes 6 to 7 shows per year, a mix of locally produced revivals of musical theatre classics, and premieres of bound-for-Broadway shows, and national touring musicals. The 5th Avenue Theatre has established a tradition of being a "testing ground" for new musicals before they make their debut on Broadway, launching hits such as Jekyll & Hyde, Hairspray, and The Wedding Singer. The theatre also hosts a variety of special events, and offers a number of education and outreach programs to school-age children and adults reaching over 61,000 students, professional performers, and audiences each year.

Architecture[edit]

Entry to theatre with decorative brackets above

Located in the Skinner Building, a historic office block ranging from five to eight stories with retail shops on the ground level, the theatre is surrounded on three sides, with its entry facing its namesake avenue. In addition to an auditorium with an original seating capacity of 3,000, the theatre contains a grand entry hall, and a mezzanine that once featured a tea room in addition to a waiting room and women's lounge.[2]

The interior design of the 5th Avenue Theatre was modeled to reproduce some of the features of historic and well-known Beijing landmarks. The Norwegian artist Gustav Liljestrom executed the design based on his visit to China, and on Chinesische Architecktur, published in 1925, an illustrated account of Ernst Boerschmann's travels in China.[3]

The ornate historical Chinese style of the theatre distinguishes itself from the Neo-Renaissance exterior of the Skinner Building. Only at the street entry under the marquee does the viewer get a preview of the interior design. Here, adorning the ceiling are plaster representations of wood brackets, beams, and carved reliefs painted in a polychromatic scheme and decorated with stenciled dragons and flower patterns. Carved cloud shapes screen light fixtures to create an indirect lighting effect as the viewer approaches the wooden, brass knobbed entry doors. The original central free-standing box office was replaced by the current box office located to the side of the entry as part of a 1979 renovation.[3] The original Imperial guardian lions (Ruì Shī), commonly called foo dogs or foo lions, originally located outside the entry were moved inside as part of the 1979 renovation.

Male Imperial guardian lion

The interior architecture of the theatre is an "excellent imitation of Chinese wooden temple construction".[3] The two story rectangular lobby features red, stenciled columns wrapped in plaster rising to a timbered roof structure of decoratively painted beams supporting a canopy of bamboo, also imitated in plaster. The original pair of guardian lions, both male, guard the stairway to a second level gallery that serves the theatre balcony. In addition to the Imperial guard lions, other original furnishings, light fixtures, and decoration remain intact.

The decorative details continue in the 2,130-seat auditorium, but the highlight and focal decorative feature is the octagonal caisson from which a sculpted five-toed Imperial Chinese dragon springs. A large chandelier of glass hangs from the dragon's mouth, in reference to the Chinese symbol of a dragon disgorging flaming pearls.[4] One claim puts the size of this caisson at twice the size of the model on which it was based in the throne room of the Hall of Supreme Harmony in the Forbidden City.[5] The opening night program spoke effusively of it:

Dragon and Pearl ceiling centerpiece.

... Its most imposing feature is the great dome...its symbolic themes borrowed from Chinese legends, its motifs from Chinese poetry. Coiled within an azure sphere and surrounded by glowing hues of cloud red, emblematic of calamity and welfare; blue of rain; green symbolic of plaque; black of flood; and gold of prosperity—is the Great Dragon, guardian genius of the place, his presence shadowed and multiplied in varying forms throughout the structure. On the huge beams surrounding and supporting the dome are five-clawed dragons—the Emperor's emblem—spitting fire in pursuit of the Jewel, rendered in the shape of a disc emitting effulgent rays, and symbolic of Omnipotence.[3]

The dragon motif is repeated in the radial coffers of the caisson and the timbered coffers throughout the theatre. The Imperial dragon is accompanied by the symbol of the Empress, the Chinese phoenix (Fèng huáng), sometimes called Ho-Ho or Ho-Oh Bird from the Japanese. This personal symbol of the Empress is also repeated throughout the theatre, but most prominently in relief as part of the grills above false balconies that once screened organ pipes. In addition to these symbols, orange blossoms, chrysanthemums, and lotus flowers appear throughout the theatre. The highly decorated proscenium arch and safety curtain maintain the Chinese design influence.[3]

Beyond the decorative features of the building, the 5th Avenue Theatre also contained notable technical features when originally built. An ascending orchestra pit and independent Wurlitzer organ platform allowed the musicians to be raised up to main stage height or to orchestra pit level from the basement below.[6] The ventilation system had thermostatic controls throughout the building, and allowed the air to be 'washed' prior to its introduction into the venue at outlets under every third seat.[2]

Significance[edit]

Preceding Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood, the 5th Avenue Theatre "has been called the largest and most authentic example of traditional Chinese timber architecture and decoration outside of Asia."[3] In addition, its association with architect Robert Reamer, whose other notable works include the nationally known Old Faithful Inn in Yellowstone National Park, as well as many important buildings in the Art Deco style add to its significance.[7] The Fifth Avenue Theatre was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on November 28, 1978.[1]

History[edit]

Planning and construction[edit]

The president and general manager of Pacific Northwest Theatres, Inc., Harry C. Arthur, believed Seattle to be a place of growing importance in the motion picture industry in the mid-1920s, and consequently as the place to invest for the long term.[8] Arthur's company absorbed a competing chain of 40 theatres by 1926, and sought further expansion. A large holder of the theatre company's stock and debt was C. D. Stimson who sat on the board of directors of both Pacific Northwest Theatres and the Metropolitan Building Company, developer of what became known as the Metropolitan Tract. Stimson promoted the establishment of a theatre district like that which had developed around a theatre he had built in Los Angeles, California.[9] The planned Skinner Building with a theatre owned by Arthur's company would complete the Stimson development of the Metropolitan Tract.[10]

The architect, Robert Reamer, had joined the Metropolitan Building Company after World War I and as their house architect designed the Skinner Building and the 5th Avenue Theatre.[7][9] In creating the 5th Avenue Theatre, Reamer was joined by his colleague, Joseph Skoog, of Reamer's office and Gustav Liljestrom, of the S. & G. Gump Company of San Francisco.[9]

Construction began in October 1925 with construction taking 11 months[10] and costing $1.5 million.[11]

Grand opening[edit]

Opening night.

The theatre celebrated its grand opening on September 24, 1926 with an opening unit program that included both film and live vaudeville performances.[12] The opening program included the silent film Young April, Fanchon and Marco's stage presentation The Night Club, and Lipschultz and his Syncopated Soloists.[13] Oliver Wallace, a popular local musician and composer, returned from Portland, Oregon to be the accompanying organist for opening night. Wallace had been the first theatre organist in a Seattle motion picture house.[14]

Opening night was also marked by festivities outside the theatre. Seven blocks of downtown Seattle around the theatre were closed to street car and automobile traffic. Lured by free street car, bus, and taxicab rides, thousands of people packed Fifth Avenue between Seneca Street and Pike Street, University and Union Streets. The Seattle Times reported:

It is doubtful that any Friday night in Seattle's history saw more people circulating through all the downtown streets than were there last night. The density in the center of the activities was such that street cars were diverted...[15]

The Seattle Times

In the street outside the theatre a street carnival took place. Living up to the moniker for the theater's marquee, “the Magic Sign of a Wonderful Time,” spotlights scanned the night sky, banks of Klieg lights illuminated the streets outside the theater, and flares were shot from the roofs of nearby buildings.[16] Additionally, dance bands were placed at the closed intersections to provide entertainment and, using giant screens to project the words, a sing-along was orchestrated on Fifth Avenue in front of the theatre. An estimated crowd of between 50,000 and 100,000 people participated in the events.[12]

Decline and restoration[edit]

Following the grand opening, the theatre served as a venue for vaudeville and film, and following the decline of vaudeville as a movie palace until the 1970s. With the economic recession, the advent of television, and movie complex development in the suburbs, crowds dwindled and the theatre struggled to stay open. It was forced to close its doors in 1978 along with the nearby Orpheum theatre. A variety of re-use possibilities were proposed for the theatre including a Chinese restaurant, a triplex movie theater, an office building, or a shopping center.[5][11][16][17] The city of Seattle was unable to protect the theatre as a designated landmark because of its unique position on the site of the original territorial university grounds owned by the state of Washington.[18]

Relief at entry

In 1979, 43 business leaders formed the non-profit 5th Avenue Theatre Association and underwrote a US$2.6 million loan to save the theatre.[19] Among these was Ned Skinner of the shipbuilding family who was an active patron of the theatre.[20] Architect Richard McCann oversaw the restoration efforts.[21]

Several changes were made during the renovation. The vertical marquee which had marked the theatre's presence from 1926 to 1980, was removed,[22] the orchestra pit and auditorium seating were rebuilt, the dressing rooms moved, and the technical systems updated. However, the furniture, fixtures and interior signage were retained. Even the paint was carefully restored to its original luster. The renovation made it suitable again for live performances and filled Seattle's need for a touring Broadway musical venue. Renovation work was completed without federal, state, or local funds.[11]

June 16, 1980 marked the theater’s rebirth and a new chapter in Seattle’s arts community. At the Grand Opening Gala for the renovated theatre, actress Helen Hayes christened the stage with a kiss and declared the 5th “a national treasure.” Beginning on July 3 the 5th presented Annie, the first touring Broadway musical to appear at the theatre. The sold-out show ran for 10 weeks with a total of 77 performances.[23]

The 5th Avenue Theatre continues to thrive with the assistance of many generous donors and volunteers.[5][17]

Post-1980 history[edit]

Since the renovation, the 5th Avenue Theatre has become one of Seattle's most established theatres. In 1989, The 5th Avenue Musical Theatre Company was established as the resident non-profit theatre company.[19]

On February 28, 2001, the Nisqually earthquake rocked the 5th Avenue Theatre. At the time, actors were on stage rehearsing the musical 1776. The theatre suffered minimal damages with no structural damage from the quake.[11] Earthquake repairs included removal and replacement of 72 plaster ceiling supports and the repair of numerous cracks and damaged decorative plaster pieces in the ceiling. Contractors had to install scaffolding tall enough to reach the highest interior crevice in the ceiling eight stories up—the first time that area had been reached in 75 years. The chandeliers had to be lowered for repair and maintenance.[24] As part of the repair work, Turner Construction provided services for seismic upgrades to the Skinner Building.[25]

In November 2009 a new vertical marquee, similar to the sign that was removed as part of the 1980 renovation, was installed. The marquee was made possible through a donation from Christabel Gough, daughter of Broadway producer and early 5th Avenue promoter Roger L. Stevens. The new sign features a design inspired by both earlier marquees and the theatre's interior, uses LED lights for energy conservation, and includes a revolving "5th" sign at the marquee's top.[26]

The 5th Avenue Musical Theatre Company[edit]

Genesis[edit]

From the renovation in 1980 until 1985 the non-profit 5th Avenue Theatre successfully operated as a venue for touring Broadway shows. As the United States went through an economic downturn from 1985 to 1989 there was a shortage of touring shows for venues like the 5th. Consequently, many of the country's Broadway houses went unused for extended periods of time. However, the 5th remained open during these years with a reduced staff and was used for community events and local promoters.[23][27][28]

This situation forced the theatre to move beyond merely being a presenter of touring musicals. In 1989, the non-profit 5th Avenue Theatre established a resident theatre company, dubbed The 5th Avenue Musical Theatre Company, to produce musicals locally. Since the theatre company's establishment, the 5th's yearly subscriber season programming has included 6 to 7 shows: national touring musicals, locally produced revivals of musical theatre classics, and premieres of bound-for-Broadway shows. With 150 musical theater performances each fall-to-spring subscriber season which attract over 30,000 subscribers and average ticket sales of 300,000 tickets annually, the 5th ranks among the nation's largest musical theater companies.[24][29][30][31]

The musical company employs over 600 actors, musicians, directors, choreographers, designers, technicians, stage hands, box office staff, and administrators, making the 5th the largest theatre employer in the Puget Sound region.[17][30] A non-profit, the theatre company is supported by individual and corporate donations, government sources, and box office ticket sales.[29]

TUTS partnership[edit]

Frank M. Young was the first executive director of the 5th Avenue Musical Theatre Company. From 1989 to 1999 a collaborative partnership existed between the 5th and Houston's Theatre Under the Stars (TUTS) where Young also served as executive director.[31][32][33] This partnership produced 10 seasons of musical theater, including both national tours and self-produced musicals. On October 17, 1989 the first 5th Avenue/TUTS self-produced musical was presented: Mame, starring Juliet Prowse. In 1995, after premiering at the 5th, Jekyll & Hyde became the first 5th Avenue Theatre production to open on Broadway in April 1997. The show was produced in cooperation with Houston's Alley Theatre and TUTS.[11]

In August 2000 the 5th’s partnership with TUTS ended as David Armstrong joined the 5th Avenue Musical Theatre Company becoming its first resident Producing Artistic Director launching a new era of collaboration with leading musical theater companies and producers across the country.[29][31]

Broadway "testing ground"[edit]

Since the creation of the 5th Avenue Musical Theatre Company in 1989, the 5th has established a tradition of being a "testing ground" for new musicals before they make their debut on Broadway. Since 2000 the 5th has produced one pre-Broadway world premiere every 2 to 3 years.

We've become a very sought-after partner for developing Broadway musicals.[34]

—David Armstrong, Producing Artistic Director

Some notable musicals shown to Seattle audiences at the 5th Avenue Theatre prior to their success on Broadway include: Jekyll & Hyde in 1995 which was nominated for 4 Tony Awards, Hairspray in 2002 which won 8 Tony Awards, and The Wedding Singer in 2006 which had 4 Tony Award nominations.[35] The film adaptation of Hairspray premiered at the 5th on July 16, 2007 (4 days prior to its nationwide release) as an acknowledgement of the 5th's role in the musical's success on Broadway.[36] The "testing ground" tradition continued in the 2008–2009 season with the pre-Broadway world premieres of Shrek the Musical,[37] and Memphis. Both went on to win Tony awards, Shrek winning one in 2009 and Memphis winning four, including Best Musical, in 2010. In the 2009–2010 season, they premiered Catch Me If You Can,[38] which premiered on Broadway in the spring of 2011. In their 2010–2011 season, they premiered A Christmas Story: The Musical, based on the film of the same name, and more recently the premiere of Aladdin, based on the Disney film "Aladdin".

Along with their successful pre-Broadway tryouts, the 5th Avenue Theatre has also performed two musicals, Princesses in 2005 and Lone Star Love in 2007, which were originally scheduled to go to Broadway, but did not due to poor reviews. They also announced the premiere of a musical adaptation of Cry-Baby, in 2007, but it was later replaced with Buddy: The Buddy Holly Story.

Community outreach programs[edit]

The theatre also hosts a variety of special events, and offers a number of education and outreach programs to school-age children and adults reaching over 61,000 students, professional performers, and audiences each year.[30] One example of this is the 5th Avenue High School Musical Theatre Awards which evaluate and honor the performances of student actors and stage hands in Washington state high school productions. At the end of each school year, a Tony Awards-style ceremony is held which includes high-profile presenters, performances by nominees, and acceptance speeches by the award recipients. The awards ceremony has become a useful scouting event for colleges looking to recruit talent for their drama departments.[29][39]

Productions by season[edit]

2012–2013 Season[40]
Show Production Type Run Dates Starring
Memphis National Tour Sept 18 - Oct 7, 2012
The Addams Family National Tour Oct 24 - Nov 11, 2012
Elf Locally Produced Nov 30 - Dec 31, 2012
Grey Gardens Locally Produced November 25 – December 31
The Music Man Locally Produced Feb 7 - Mar 10, 2013
Jersey Boys National Tour April 4 - May 13, 2013
The Pirates of Penzance Locally Produced July 11 - Aug 4, 2013
2011–2012 Season[40]
Show Production Type Run Dates Starring
Les Misérables National Tour August 9 – August 22
Saving Aimee September 30 – October 30
Cinderella Locally Produced November 25 – December 31
First Date Locally Produced February 11 – May 6
Oklahoma! Locally Produced February 3 – March 4
Damn Yankees Co-Production with Papermill Playhouse May 17 – June 5
Rent Locally Produced July 6 – August 5 Jerick Hoffer
2010–2011 Season[41]
Show Production Type Run Dates Starring
In the Heights National Tour September 28 – October 17
A Christmas Story, the Musical Locally Produced November 27 – December 19
Vanities Locally Produced February 4 – April 3
Next to Normal National tour February 22 – March 13
9 to 5 National Tour April 5 – April 24
Guys and Dolls Locally Produced May 17 – June 5
Aladdin Pre-Broadway World Premiere July 7 – July 31[42]
Season Notes: A local production of Oklahoma!, originally scheduled for the last spot in the season, was replaced by Disney's Aladdin.[42]
2009–2010 Season[43]
Show Production Type Run Dates Starring
Catch Me If You Can Pre-Broadway World Premiere July 23 – August 14 Aaron Tveit, Norbert Leo Butz
Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat Locally Produced October 13 – November 1 Anthony Federov
White Christmas Locally Produced December 1 – December 20
South Pacific National Tour January 29 – February 18
Legally Blonde National Tour February 23 – March 14
On the Town Locally Produced April 13 – May 2
Candide Locally Produced May 25 – June 13
2008–2009 Season[44]
Show Production Type Run Dates Starring
Shrek the Musical[37][45] Pre-Broadway World Premiere August 14 – September 21 Brian d'Arcy James, Sutton Foster[46]
The Drowsy Chaperone National Tour October 28 – November 16
7 Brides for 7 Brothers Locally Produced December 3 – December 28 Ed Watts, Laura Griffith
Memphis Pre-Broadway Showing[43] January 27 – February 15 Chad Kimball, Montego Glover
Hello, Dolly! Locally Produced March 8 – March 29 Jenifer Lewis, Pat Cashman
Sunday in the Park with George Locally Produced April 21 – May 10 Hugh Panaro, Billie Wildrick
Grease National Tour May 12 – May 30 Taylor Hicks
2007–2008 Season[47]
Show Production Type Run Dates Starring
Lone Star Love Locally Produced September 8 – September 30 Randy Quaid
Into The Woods Locally Produced October 19 – September 10 Lisa Estridge
Whistle Down the Wind National Tour November 13 – December 2
Jersey Boys National Tour December 5 – January 12
Mame Locally Produced February 9 – March 2 Dee Hoty[48]
Cabaret Locally Produced March 25 – April 13 Nick Garrison, Teri Kelly
Season Notes: Lone Star Love was originally scheduled to premiere on Broadway following its run at the 5th, but was canceled due to complications with star Randy Quaid.[49]
2006–2007 Season[50]
Show Production Type Run Dates Starring
Bombay Dreams National Tour September 12 – October 1
Company Locally Produced October 17 – November 1 Hugh Panaro
White Christmas Locally Produced November 28 – December 17 Michael Gruber
Buddy: The Buddy Holly Story Locally Produced February 14 – March 4 Billy Joe Huels[51]
Camelot National Tour March 20 – April 8 Michael York
Edward Scissorhands National Tour April 25 – May 13
West Side Story Locally Produced May 29 – June 17 Louis Hobson
Season Notes: A 5th Avenue original musical Cry-Baby (based on the Johnny Depp movie), originally scheduled for the fourth spot in the season, was replaced by Buddy: The Buddy Holly Story.[51]
2005–2006 Season[52]
Show Production Type Run Dates Starring
The King and I National Tour September 20 – October 9 Lucy Lawless
Sweeney Todd Locally Produced October 25 – November 13 Carol Swarbrick, Allen Fitzpartick[29]
The Sound of Music Locally Produced November 29 – December 18 Kim Huber, Terrence Mann
The Wedding Singer Pre-Broadway World Premiere January 31 – February 19 Stephen Lynch
Wonderful Town Locally Produced March 21 – April 9 Sarah Rudinoff, Billie Wildrick
Pippin Locally Produced May 9 – May 28 Louis Hobson
Les Misérables National Tour May 24 – June 4
Season Notes: Dr. Dolittle, originally scheduled for the third spot in the season, was replaced by The Sound of Music.[53] Buddy: The Buddy Holly Story, originally scheduled for the fifth spot in the season, was replaced by The Wedding Singer before the season began.[54] The National Tour of Les Misérables was added to the end of the season for a special two-week engagement.[55]
2004–2005 Season[56]
Show Production Type Run Dates Starring
Hairspray National Tour September 7 – September 26
Smokey Joe's Cafe Locally Produced October 19 – November 7
Peter Pan National Tour December 1 – December 19 Cathy Rigby
Singin' in the Rain Locally Produced February 13 – March 5
Miss Saigon National Tour April 5 – April 24
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes Locally Produced Concert Staging May 13 – May 15 Lucy Lawless & Faith Prince
Princesses Pre-Broadway World Premiere August 9 – August 28
Season Notes: We Will Rock You the musical (based on the music of Queen), originally scheduled for the sixth spot in the season, was replaced by a concert staging of Gentlemen Prefer Blondes which ran for three days only.[57] The Pre-Broadway World Premiere of Princesses was added to the end of the season shortly after We Will Rock You was canceled.[58][59]
Seasons prior to 2004–2005[27]
2003–2004 2002–2003
2001–2002 2000–2001
1999 1999–2000
1997–1998 1996–1997
1995–1996 1994–1995
1993–1994 1992–1993
1991–1992 1990–1991
1989–1990 1986–1988
  • No musicals presented/produced; outside rentals only.
1985 1984
1983 1982
1981 1980

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Opening of Fifth Avenue Theatre Friday is big event: Comfort is first at new theatre". The Seattle Daily Times. September 23, 1926. pp. 16 col. 5. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Florence K. Lentz (March 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory – Nomination Form" (PDF). National Park Service, Department of Interior. Retrieved August 16, 2007. 
  4. ^ Walters, Derek (1995). Chinese Mythology. London: Diamond Books. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-261-66657-3. 
  5. ^ a b c "Our Historic Theater". The 5th Avenue Theatre. Retrieved Feb 28, 2007. 
  6. ^ "Opening of Fifth Avenue Theatre Friday is big event: Rising orchestra pit is feature of theatre". The Seattle Daily Times. September 23, 1926. pp. 16 col. 1–4. 
  7. ^ a b Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, ed. (1998). Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 186–191. ISBN 0-295-97366-8. 
  8. ^ "Seattle's future is best in nation says theatre man". The Seattle Daily Times. September 4, 1926. pp. 10 col. 1–2. 
  9. ^ a b c Kreisman, Lawrence (1992). The Stimson Legacy: Architecture in the Urban West. Seattle: Willows Press/University of Washington Press. pp. 144–145. ISBN 978-0-9631630-0-4. 
  10. ^ a b "Metropolitan unit complete: Skinner Building ranks high". The Seattle Daily Times. September 23, 1926. pp. 8 col. 1–2. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "5th Avenue Theatre Press Kit" (PDF). The 5th Avenue Theatre. May 15, 2006. Archived from the original on 10 April 2008. Retrieved Mar 10, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b Flom, Eric L. (April 24, 2002). "Fifth (5th) Avenue Theatre opens in Seattle amid gala celebration on September 24, 1926.". HistoryLink.org. Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved Mar 24, 2007. 
  13. ^ "Advertisement for Fifth Avenue Theatre". The Seattle Times. September 23, 1926. pp. 8, Col. 5–8. 
  14. ^ "Oliver Wallace at the organ: popular musician back home". The Seattle Times. September 23, 1926. pp. 17 col. 2–4. 
  15. ^ "Throng sees theatre open". The Seattle Times. September 25, 1926. pp. 1 col. 3–5. 
  16. ^ a b Flom, Eric L. (April 21, 2002). "Fifth (5th) Avenue Theatre". HistoryLink.org. Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved Mar 24, 2007. 
  17. ^ a b c "Historic theaters still in operation". The Seattle Times. August 12, 2001. Retrieved Mar 24, 2007. 
  18. ^ Kreisman, Lawrence (Jan 16, 2000). 16, 2000 "Historic Times". The Seattle Times. Retrieved Mar 16, 2008. 
  19. ^ a b "Founders". The 5th Avenue Theatre. Retrieved Feb 28, 2007. 
  20. ^ Wilma, David (Jan 3, 2005). "Skinner, Ned (1920–1988) and Kayla (1919–2004)". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved Feb 18, 2008. 
  21. ^ Gray, Philbert (Dec 14, 2007). "Fox Riverside Theatre restoration begins with a cloud of dust". CinemaTreasures.org. Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved Mar 28, 2008. 
  22. ^ Moriwaki, Lee (April 14, 1997). 14, 1997 "Change Planned At Skinner Building". The Seattle Times. Retrieved Mar 16, 2008. 
  23. ^ a b "Musical Chronology". The 5th Avenue Theatre. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved Mar 16, 2008. 
  24. ^ a b "5th Avenue Theatre renovation begins". Puget Sound Business Journal. August 5, 2002. Retrieved Mar 29, 2008. 
  25. ^ "Skinner Building Seismic Upgrades". turnerconstruction.com. Archived from the original on 16 April 2008. Retrieved Mar 16, 2008. 
  26. ^ Levesque, John (November 24, 2009). "5th Avenue Theatre gets a little retro branding". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved June 19, 2010. 
  27. ^ a b All data relating to seasons prior to 2004–2005 from "Show Archives". 5th Avenue Theatre. Retrieved Sep 1, 2007. 
  28. ^ 24, 2005 "5th Avenue Theatre emits silver sparks". The Seattle Times. May 24, 2005. Retrieved Mar 16, 2008. 
  29. ^ a b c d e "5th Avenue Theatre 2005–2006 Season Report To The Community" (PDF). The 5th Avenue Theatre. May 15, 2006. Archived from the original on 10 April 2008. Retrieved Mar 10, 2008. 
  30. ^ a b c "About Us". The 5th Avenue Theatre. Archived from the original on 12 February 2007. Retrieved Feb 28, 2007. 
  31. ^ a b c Berson, Misha (Dec 13, 1996). 13, 2000 "New York director is hired for top job at 5th Avenue". Houston Business Journal. Retrieved Mar 28, 2008. 
  32. ^ Berson, Misha (October 24, 1999). 24, 1999 "The Time Is Right For Changes At 5Th Avenue". The Seattle Times. Retrieved Mar 28, 2008. 
  33. ^ Perin, Monica (October 24, 1999). "The Time Is Right For Changes At 5Th Avenue". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 20 April 2008. Retrieved Mar 28, 2008. 
  34. ^ Freeman, Paul (Jan 20, 2006). "National spotlight shines on Seattle stages". Puget Sound Business Journal. Archived from the original on 20 April 2008. Retrieved Mar 29, 2008. 
  35. ^ "5th Avenue to launch 'Princesses'". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. April 9, 2004. Retrieved Mar 16, 2008. 
  36. ^ Payne, Patti (July 20, 2007). "Seattle welcomes 'Hairspray' the movie with a boisterous, bawdy premiere". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved Mar 29, 2008. 
  37. ^ a b Berson, Misha (Jan 17, 2008). "Musical "Shrek" to debut in Seattle". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 20 January 2008. Retrieved Jan 20, 2008. 
  38. ^ Berson, Misha (August 10, 2009). "Great performances shine in 5th Avenue's 'Catch Me If You Can,' but it's still a bumpy ride". The Seattle Times. Retrieved Nov 10, 2009. 
  39. ^ Goodnow, Cecelia (June 8, 2007). "5th Avenue Theatre awards honor Washington state's best musical theater stars". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved Mar 16, 2008. 
  40. ^ a b Berson, Misha (February 14, 2011). "'Les Miz,' 'Rent,' Kathie Lee top 5th Ave's next season". The Seattle Times. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  41. ^ Berson, Misha (March 6, 2010). "5th Avenue's new season in Seattle: Tony winners and classic favorites". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 18, 2010. 
  42. ^ a b Berson, Misha (January 13, 2011). "Dates set for world premiere of Disney's 'Aladdin' at 5th Avenue". The Seattle Times. Retrieved January 31, 2011. 
  43. ^ a b Berson, Misha (March 1, 2009). "5th Avenue season's unique "Catch": a musical based on Spielberg film". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009. 
  44. ^ "This is BIG! The 5th Avenue Announces An Extra Large 2008–2009 Season With Huge Laughs, Colossal Talent, Epic Love Stories and A World Premiere". The 5th Avenue Theatre. February 4, 2008. Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved Feb 5, 2008. 
  45. ^ "SHREK THE MUSICAL Exclusive World Premiere at Seattle's 5th Avenue Theatre August 14 – September 21, 2008". The 5th Avenue Theatre. Jan 17, 2008. Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved Jan 20, 2008. 
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Further reading[edit]

  • Boerschmann, Ernst. (1925). Chinesische Architektur, Berlin: E. Wasmuth, AG. OCLC 935622
  • Kreisman, Lawrence. (1992). The Stimson Legacy: Architecture in the Urban West, Seattle: Willows Press/University of Washington Press. ISBN 978-0-9631630-0-4
  • Breeze, Carla. (2003). American Art Deco: Modernistic Architecture and Regionalism, New York: W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-01970-4

External links[edit]