5th Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF

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5th Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles
5CMR.JPG
Cap badge of the 5th Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles
Active 1914-1919
Country Canada
Branch Canadian Expeditionary Force
Type Mounted infantry
Size Battalion
Part of 8th Infantry Brigade
Insignia
Battle patch 5th CMR CEF.svg

The 5th Battalion Canadian Mounted Rifles were a mounted infantry unit of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) during World War I. The unit was raised from volunteers of the 7th and XIth (Canadian) Hussars from the Eastern Townships of Quebec.[1]

Formed in 1915, they were transported to England later that year. In 1916, they converted to an infantry battalion attached to the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, CEF (later the Canadian Corps). The battalion saw action in France and Flanders between 1916 and 1918.[1]

Battle honours[edit]

In 1929-31, well after World War I had ended, Canada assigned battle honours to those units involved in pivotal battles and campaigns during the war. The 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles were accorded the following battle honours:

Battle honours[1]
1916 1917 1918
Mount Sorrel Arras 1917-18 Amiens
Somme 1916 Vimy 1917 Scarpe 1918
Flers-Courcelette Hill 70 Hindenburg Line
Ancre Heights Ypres 1917 Canal du Nord
Passchendaele Cambrai 1918
Valenciennes
Sambre
France and Flanders 1915-18

During the Battle of Passchendale, the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles fighting strength was reduced by 60% in a single day.

Two members of the battalion were awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for bravery in the British Empire. These individuals were: George Pearkes, VC, and Charles Smith Rutherford, VC.[1][2]

Perpetuation[edit]

Following World War I, the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles were perpetuated by the later merged 7th/XIth Hussars, which themselves were eventually merged into the Sherbrooke Hussars, which perpetuates the unit today.

The memory of the original unit was also perpetuated by its original members in the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Association. The Association met annually from its formation in 1934 until it disbanded in 1969. The records of the Association may still be found at the Eastern Townships Research Centre at Bishop's University library, Lennoxville, Quebec.[3]

Notes and references[edit]

"Canada's Crack Cavalry Corps"
World War I recruitment poster.
  1. ^ a b c d Regiments.org; 5th CMR[dead link]
  2. ^ Canadian Department of National Defence[dead link]
  3. ^ 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Association

External links[edit]

  • Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth.[2][dead link]
  • Brief history of the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Association.[3]
  • Photo of the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles on parade in Sherbrooke, 4 June 1915.[4][dead link]