Tennessee's 5th congressional district

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Tennessee's 5th congressional district
Tennessee's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Tennessee's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Jim Cooper (DNashville)
Population (2000) 632,143
Median income $40,419
Ethnicity 70.0% White, 23.6% Black, 2.0% Asian, 4.2% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% other
Cook PVI D+5[1]

The 5th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in Middle Tennessee. The most regularly drawn of the state's nine districts, it includes all of Davidson and Dickson counties and most of Cheatham County. Nearly two-thirds of the district's voting population lives in the state capital, Nashville.

Democrat Jim Cooper, who represented the 4th District in southern middle Tennessee for six terms, has represented the 5th since 2003.

Political characteristics[edit]

The 5th is historically a very safe seat for the Democratic Party, due almost entirely to the influence of heavily Democratic Nashville. Some pockets of Republican influence exist in Belle Meade, and portions of neighboring Cheatham and Wilson counties undergoing rapid suburbanization. However, they are no match for the overwhelming Democratic trend in most of Nashville. While Republicans made several strong bids for the district in the late 1960s and early 1970s (largely over racial issues such as a 1971 busing order), they have only put up token candidates since 1972.

Demographics are a major factor behind the Democrats' near-absolute dominance of the political scene. Many conservative white voters (including Nashville natives) have increasingly moved out of Metro Nashville/Davidson County to more Republican suburban counties such as Williamson and Sumner. They have been replaced largely by liberal-oriented constituencies such as students (and alumni) of the Nashville area's several colleges and universities, music industry professionals, and white-collar professionals, in a manner similar to that of cities such as Atlanta, Houston, Charlotte, Raleigh/Durham, and Austin. In the entire state, only Memphis has a comparable constituency of liberal-minded whites. The clout of Nashville's African-American electorate, a traditionally Democratic constituency, has grown steadily in recent years as well.

Although the district's Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+5 suggests a marginally Democratic district, Davidson County has more people than the rest of the district combined. For this reason, the 5th is one of two seats in Tennessee that are usually not seriously contested by Republicans (the other being the 9th district).

History of district boundaries[edit]

Tennessee has had at least five congressional districts since 1827. The district's current configuration dates from 1951, when Tennessee lost a seat in redistricting. The Tennessee General Assembly shifted most of the territory of the former 6th District to neighboring districts, creating a 5th District located entirely in Davidson County. While other areas around Nashville have been added in subsequent years, the 5th has been drawn as a Nashville-based district ever since.

Below are the counties included in Tennessee District 5 from 1921 to 2000:

  • 1921-1930: Bedford, Cannon, Coffee, DeKalb, Lincoln, Marshall, Moore, Rutherford
  • 1931-1940: Davidson, Macon, Montgomery, Robertson, Stewart, Sumner, Trousdale
  • 1941-1950: Bedford, Cannon, Coffee, DeKalb, Franklin, Giles, Lincoln, Marshall, Moore, Rutherford, Wilson
  • 1951-1970: Davidson
  • 1971-1980: Cheatham, Davidson, Robertson
  • 1981-1990: Davidson and Robertson
  • 1991-2000: Davidson and most of Robertson

Source: Tennessee Blue Books

List of representatives[edit]

Name Years Party District Residence Notes
District created March 4, 1813
Grundy-felix-by-wb-cooper.jpg Felix Grundy Mar 4, 1813 - ??, 1814 Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 3rd district, Resigned
Cannon-newton-by-wb-cooper.jpg Newton Cannon September 16, 1814 - March 4, 1817 Democratic-Republican
Thomas Claiborne March 4, 1817 - March 4, 1819 Democratic-Republican
Cannon-newton-by-wb-cooper.jpg Newton Cannon March 4, 1819 - March 4, 1823 Democratic-Republican
Robert Allen March 4, 1823 - March 4, 1825 Jacksonian D-R Redistricted from the 4th district
March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1827 Jacksonian
Robert Desha March 4, 1827 - March 4, 1831 Jacksonian Gallatin
Hall-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg William Hall March 4, 1831 - March 4, 1833 Jacksonian Sumner County
John B. Forester March 4, 1833 - March 4, 1835 Jacksonian
March 4, 1835 - March 4, 1837 Anti-Jacksonian
HLTurney.jpg Hopkins L. Turney March 4, 1837 - March 4, 1843 Democratic Winchester
Hon. Jones - NARA - 528402.jpg George Washington Jones March 4, 1843 - March 4, 1853 Democratic Fayetteville Redistricted to the 6th district
Charles Ready March 4, 1853 - March 4, 1855 Whig Murfreesboro
March 4, 1855 - Mar 4, 1859 Know Nothing
Hon. Robert Hatton, Tenn - NARA - 528692.jpg Robert H. Hatton March 4, 1859 - March 4, 1861 Opposition Lebanon
American Civil War
Campbell-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg William B. Campbell July 24, 1866 - March 4, 1867 Unionist Wilson County
John Trimble March 4, 1867 - March 4, 1869 Republican Nashville
William f prosser congress.jpg William F. Prosser March 4, 1869 - March 4, 1871 Republican Nashville
Edward I. Golladay March 4, 1871 - March 4, 1873 Democratic Lebanon
Horace Harrison - Brady-Handy.jpg Horace Harrison March 4, 1873 - March 4, 1875 Republican Nashville
JohnMorganBright.jpg John M. Bright March 4, 1875 - March 4, 1881 Democratic Fayetteville Redistricted from the 4th district
Richard Warner March 4, 1881 - March 4, 1885 Democratic Lewisburg
James D Richardson.jpg James D. Richardson March 4, 1885 - March 4, 1905 Democratic Murfreesboro
William C. Houston March 4, 1905 - Mar 4, 1919 Democratic Woodbury
Ewin L. Davis March 4, 1919 - March 4, 1933 Democratic Tullahoma
Joseph Byrns.jpg Jo Byrns March 4, 1933 - June 4, 1936 Democratic Nashville Redistricted from the 6th district, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1935–1936, Died
Richard M. Atkinson January 3, 1937 - January 3, 1939 Democratic Nashville
Jo Byrns, Jr. January 3, 1939 - January 3, 1941 Democratic Nashville
James Percy Priest, Congressional portrait collection.jpg Percy Priest January 3, 1941 - January 3, 1943 Independent Democrat Nashville Redistricted to the 6th district
Mccord-jim-nance.jpg Jim Nance McCord January 3, 1943 - January 3, 1945 Democratic Lewisburg
Harold Earthman January 3, 1945 - January 3, 1947 Democratic Murfreesboro
Joe L. Evins.jpg Joe L. Evins January 3, 1947 - January 3, 1953 Democratic Smithville Redistricted to the 4th district
James Percy Priest, Congressional portrait collection.jpg Percy Priest January 3, 1953 - October 12, 1956 Democratic Nashville Redistricted from the 6th district, Died
J. Carlton Loser January 3, 1957 - January 3, 1963 Democratic Nashville
Richard Fulton.jpg Richard Fulton January 3, 1963 - August 14, 1975 Democratic Nashville Resigned after becoming Mayor of Nashville
Clifford Allen.jpg Clifford Allen November 25, 1975 - June 18, 1978 Democratic Nashville Died
Bill Boner.jpg Bill Boner January 3, 1979 - October 5, 1987 Democratic Nashville Resigned after becoming Mayor of Nashville
BobClement.jpg Bob Clement January 19, 1988 - January 3, 2003 Democratic Nashville
Jimcooper.jpeg Jim Cooper January 3, 2003 - present Democratic Nashville

Election results[edit]

United States House elections, 2004: Tennessee District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 168,970 69.3 +5.5
Republican Scott Knapp 74,978 30.7 -2.5
Write-in candidate Thomas F. Kovach 15 0.0

Source: Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 2, 2004

United States House elections, 2006: Tennessee District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 122,919 69.0 -0.3
Republican Thomas F. Kovach 49,702 27.9 -2.8
Independent Ginny Welsch 3,766 2.1
Independent Scott Knapp 1,755 1.0
United States House elections, 2008: Tennessee District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 181,467 65.8 -3.2
Republican Gerard Donovan 85,471 31.0 +3.1
Independent Jon Jackson 5,464 2.0
Green John Miglietta 3,196 1.2
Write-in candidate Thomas F. Kovach 4 0.0
United States House elections, 2010: Tennessee District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 99,162 56.2 -9.6
Republican David Hall 74,204 42.1 +11.1
Libertarian Stephen Collings 584 .3
Independent John "Big John" Smith 533 .3
Independent Jackie Miller 444 .3
Green John Miglietta 396 .2 -1
Independent Bill Crook 391 .2
Independent James Whitfield 333 .2
Independent Joe Moore 159 .1
Independent Clark Taylor 156 .1

Source: TN Department of State

United States House elections, 2012: Tennessee District 5 (Unofficial)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jim Cooper 171,358 65.22 +9.0
Republican Brad Staats 86,153 32.79 -9.3
Green John Miglietta 5,208 1.98 +1.8

Source: TN Department of State

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°11′14″N 87°04′27″W / 36.18722°N 87.07417°W / 36.18722; -87.07417