5th Flying Training Squadron

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5th Flying Training Squadron
5th Flying Training Squadron - T1 Jayhawk.jpg
5th Flying Training Squadron T-1 Jayhawk
Active 1941–1945; 1946–1988; 1990–1991; 1997–Present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Pilot Training
Part of 340th Flying Training Group
Garrison/HQ Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma
Nickname Spittin' Kittens
Motto Isti Non PenetrabuntLatin They Shall not Penetrate
Engagements
  • European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Streamer.jpg
    World War II EAME Theatre
Decorations
  • Streamer PUC Army.PNG
    Distinguished Unit Citation (2x)
  • Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
    Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (5x)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Jacksel M. Broughton
Insignia
5th Flying Training Squadron emblem (approved 16 January 1951)[1][2] 5th Flying Training Squadron.jpg

The 5th Flying Training Squadron (5 FTS) is part of the 71st Flying Training Wing based at Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma. It operates T-1 Jayhawk aircraft conducting flight training.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Established as an Army Air Corps fighter squadron in January 1941; assigned to the Northeast Air District with P-40s and P-39s as part of the defense buildup prior to the United States entry into World War II.

Was deployed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO), assigned to VIII Fighter Command in August 1942. It's P-39 Aircobras were deemed unsuitable for the environment for escort duty; was re-equipped with Supermarine Spitfires and was trained by the Royal Air Force. Flew some escort missions with VIII Bomber Command B-17 Flying Fortresses and B-24 Liberators during the fall of 1942.

Was sent to North Africa in late 1942 as part of the Operation Torch invasion forces, taking up station in Algeria. Was reassigned to Twelfth Air Force and flew both fighter escort missions for the B-17 Flying Fortresses operating from Algeria as well as tactical interdiction strikes on enemy targets of opportunity in Algeria and Tunisia during the North African Campaign.

Following the German defeat and withdrawal from North Africa the squadron participated in the Allied Invasion of Sicily and Invasion of Italy and subsequent drive of the United States Fifth Army up the Italian Peninsula. Engaged primarily in tactical operations after November 1943, supporting ground forces and attacking enemy targets of opportunity such as railroads, road convoys, bridges, strafing enemy airfields and other targets. Was deployed to Corsica in 1944 to attack enemy targets in support of Free French forces in the liberation of the island and to support Allied Forces in the invasion of Southern France. Continued offensive operations until the German Capitulation in May 1945. Returned to the United States and was demobilized during the summer and fall 1945 and inactivated.

Air Defense Command[edit]

5th Fighter Squadron Northrop P-61B Black Widow 42-39567, December 1947

Reactivated in 1946 as a United States Air Forces in Europe fighter squadron; was primarily an occupation unit at Schweinfurt and Bad Kissingen Airfields. Reassigned from USAFE to Air Defense Command in June 1947, equipped with F-61 Black Widows and assigned to Mitchell Field, New York to perform air defense of the eastern United States.

In June 1948 the unit transitioned into F-82 Twin Mustangs. In the fall of 1949 the unit moved to McGuire AFB, New Jersey. In August 1955 the 5th FIS designation was transferred to Suffolk County AFB, New York. In the spring of 1957 the unit transitioned into F-102A Delta Daggers.

In February 1960 the 5th FIS moved to Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota and transitioned into the Convair F-106 Delta Dart under the 32d Fighter Wing.[3] Although the number of ADC interceptor squadrons remained almost constant in the early 1960s, attrition (and the fact that production lines closed in 1961) caused a gradual drop in the number of planes assigned to typical fighter squadrons, from 24 to typically 18 by 1964 and 12 by 1967. These reductions resulted in the squadron's parent 32d Fighter Wing's inactivation and the transfer of Minot to Strategic Air Command in July 1962.[3][4]

5th FIS F-106As flying past Mt. Rushmore in 1981

On 22 October 1962, before President Kennedy told the nation that missiles were in place in Cuba, the squadron dispersed one third of its force, equipped with nuclear tipped missiles to Hector Field at the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis.[5][6] These planes returned to Minot after the crisis. In late 1962 the 5th FIS acquired two live lynx kittens ("Spitten" and "Kitten") as mascots, with the assistance of the Minot Daily News, after a farmer had killed their mother.[7]

In the mid-1980s the 5th FIS converted to the F-15 Eagles. The F-15s only flew over Minot until the spring of 1988, when the 5th FIS was inactivated. The lynx den in the squadron was one of the few places where Canadian Lynx had bred in captivity in the U.S., prompting both the St. Louis and San Diego Zoos to copy it in an attempt to get their own lynx inhabitants to produce offspring. Several generations of lynx flourished there, and after the unit was inactivated, Delta and Dart, twin kitten descendants of the original two Lynx kitten mascots were donated to the Roosevelt Park Zoo in Minot.

As an Air Defense Command unit, the squadron's motto was Isti Non Penetrabunt, literally "they shall not penetrate", but colloquially to crews as The Bastards Shall Not Pass.[8]

Modern era[edit]

Reactivated in 1990 as an Air Training Command (later AETC) Undergraduate Pilot Training squadron at Vance AFB. The squadron had trained pilots and pilot instructors from February 1990 to December 1991 and since 1997.[9]

Lineage[edit]

5th FIS patch
  • Constituted as the 5th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
Activated on 15 January 1941
Re-designated 5th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
Inactivated on 7 November 1945
  • Activated on 9 November 1946
Re-designated 5th Fighter Squadron, All Weather on 10 May 1948
Re-designated 5th Fighter-All Weather Squadron on 20 January 1950
Re-designated 5th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 1 May 1951
  • Inactivated on 1 July 1988
Re-designated 5th Flying Training Squadron on 1 January 1990
  • Activated on 16 February 1990
  • Inactivated on 15 December 1991
Re-designated 5th Flying Training Flight and activated in the Reserve on 1 April 1997
Re-designated 5th Flying Training Squadron on 1 April 1998[9]

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 34–35. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. 
  2. ^ This emblem was modified to bring the lightning bolts within the disc
  3. ^ a b Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 57–58. ISBN 0-912799-12-9. 
  4. ^ McMullen, Richard F. (1964) "The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964" ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 Mar 2000), pp. 41, 43-45
  5. ^ McMullen, pp. 10-12
  6. ^ NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, Historical Reference Paper No. 8, Directorate of Command History Continental Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO , 1 Feb 63 (Top Secret NOFORN declassified 9 March 1996). p. 16
  7. ^ Broughton, Jack (2007). Rupert Red Two: A Fighter Pilot's Life from Thunderbolts to Thunderchiefs, Zenith Press, ISBN 978-0-7603-3217-7, pp. 276–278
  8. ^ Broughton 2007, p. 274
  9. ^ a b c d e Haulman, Daniel L. (January 8, 2008). "Factsheet 31 Fighter Wing (USAFE)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Broughton, Jack (2007). Rupert Red Two: A Fighter Pilot's Life from Thunderbolts to Thunderchiefs, Zenith Press, ISBN 978-0-7603-3217-7, pp. 276–278
  • Cornett, Lloyd H.; Johnson, Mildred W. (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. 
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. 
  • McMullen, Richard F. (1964) "The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964" ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 Mar 2000)
  • NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, Historical Reference Paper No. 8, Directorate of Command History Continental Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, 1 Feb 63 (Top Secret NOFORN declassified 9 March 1996)

External links[edit]