5th New Zealand Parliament

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament

Coat of arms of New Zealand.svg
1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th
51st

The fifth New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.

Elections for this term were held in 68 European electorates between 14 January and 23 February 1871. Elections in the four Māori electorates were held on 1 and 15 January 1871. A total of 78 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in December 1875. During the term of this Parliament, six Ministries were in power.

Sessions[edit]

The fifth Parliament opened on 14 August 1871, following the 1871 general election. It sat for five sessions, and was prorogued on 6 December 1875.[1]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 14 August 1871 16 November 1871
second 16 July 1872 25 October 1872
third 15 July 1873 3 October 1873
fourth 3 July 1874 31 August 1874
fifth 20 July 1875 21 October 1875

Historical context[edit]

Political parties had not been established yet; this only happened after the 1890 election. Anyone attempting to form an administration thus had to win support directly from individual MPs. This made first forming, and then retaining a government difficult and challenging.[2]

Ministries[edit]

Since June 1869, the third Fox Ministry was in power, led by Premier William Fox. On 10 September 1872, the third Stafford Ministry was formed, which lasted 13 months. This was followed by the Waterhouse Ministry, from 11 October 1872 to 3 March 1873. The fourth Fox Ministry was short lived, from 3 March 1873 to 8 April 1873. The first Vogel Ministry was in power from 8 April 1873 to 6 July 1875. It was succeeded by the Pollen Ministry, which lasted into the term of the sixth Parliament.[3][4]

Initial composition of the fifth Parliament[edit]

78 seats were created across the electorates.[5] 68 European electorates and 4 Māori electorates were defined by the Representation Act 1870. Six of the general electorates had two representatives, the rest were single member electorates. Hence, 78 MPs were elected.[6]

This compares to 61 electorates used in the previous general election in 1866, and 65 electorates after the Māori electorates were created in 1867. Electorates that were first formed for the 1871 elections were East Coast, Eden, Rodney, Thames, Waikato, Waitemata, Egmont, Manawatu, Buller, Grey Valley, Christchurch East, Christchurch West, Hokitika, Totara, Dunstan, Mount Ida, Tuapeka, Waitaki, Waikaia, and Wakatipu.[7]

Member Electorate Province MP's term Election date
Rhodes, RobertRobert Rhodes Akaroa Canterbury First 26 January[8]
Evans, JohnJohn Evans Ashley Canterbury First 17 February[9]
Vogel, JuliusJulius Vogel Auckland East Auckland Third 30 January[10]
Gillies, ThomasThomas Gillies Auckland West Auckland Fourth 6 February[11]
Williamson, JohnJohn Williamson Auckland West Auckland Fourth 6 February[12]
Rolleston, WilliamWilliam Rolleston Avon Canterbury Second 13 January[13]
Murray, WilliamWilliam Murray Bruce Otago First 28 January[14]
O'Conor, EugeneEugene O'Conor Buller Canterbury First 4 February[15]
Cantrell, RichardRichard Cantrell Caversham Otago First 25 January[16]
Ingles, Henry AnthonyHenry Anthony Ingles Cheviot Canterbury First 27 January[17]
Wakefield, JerninghamJerningham Wakefield Christchurch East Canterbury Second 18 January[10]
Richardson, EdwardEdward Richardson Christchurch West Canterbury First 19 January[8]
Ormond, John DaviesJohn Davies Ormond Clive Hawke's Bay Third 26 January[15]
Thomson, James WilliamJames William Thomson Clutha Otago First 31 January[18]
Karslake, John KarslakeJohn Karslake Karslake Coleridge Canterbury First 4 February[19]
Collins, ArthurArthur Collins Collingwood Nelson Second 16 February[20]
Reynolds, William HunterWilliam Hunter Reynolds DunedinCity of Dunedin Otago Third 20 January[8]
Bathgate, JohnJohn Bathgate DunedinCity of Dunedin Otago First 20 January[21]
Shepherd, Thomas LutherThomas Luther Shepherd Dunstan Otago First 7 February[22]
Kelly, WilliamWilliam Kelly East Coast Auckland First 16 February[23]
Takamoana, KaraitianaKaraitiana Takamoana X-01Eastern Maori First 1 February[24]
Creighton, Robert JamesRobert James Creighton Eden Auckland Third 31 January[25]
Gisborne, WilliamWilliam Gisborne Egmont Taranaki First 18 January[11]
Buckland, William ThorneWilliam Thorne Buckland Franklin Auckland Second 23 February[26]
Clark, ArchibaldArchibald Clark Franklin Auckland Third 23 February[27]
Parker, George BabingtonGeorge Babington Parker Gladstone Canterbury First 7 February[28]
Carrington, Frederic AlonzoFrederic Alonzo Carrington Grey and Bell Taranaki Second 17 January[27]
Harrison, William HenryWilliam Henry Harrison Grey Valley Canterbury Second 26 January[29]
Hall, JohnJohn Hall Heathcote Canterbury Third 14 January[30]
White, JohnJohn White Hokitika Canterbury First 25 January[31]
Fitzherbert, WilliamWilliam Fitzherbert Hutt Wellington Fourth 16 January[32]
Calder, William HendersonWilliam Henderson Calder Invercargill Southland First 24 January[16]
Studholme, JohnJohn Studholme Kaiapoi Canterbury Second 27 January[33]
Peacock, John Thomas LytteltonTown of Lyttelton Canterbury Second 16 January[34]
Johnston, Walter WoodsWalter Woods Johnston Manawatu Wellington First 4 February[19]
Munro, JohnJohn Munro Marsden Auckland Third 30 January[14]
Bell, DillonDillon Bell Mataura Southland Fourth 11 February[21]
McLeod, JohnJohn McLeod Mongonui and Bay of Islands Auckland First 10 February[35]
Monro, DavidDavid Monroa Motueka Nelson Fifth 10 February[36]
Mervyn, DavidDavid Mervyn Mount Ida Otago Second 16 February[37]
McLean, DonaldDonald McLean Napier Hawke's Bay Second 19 January[35]
Lightband, MartinMartin Lightband Nelson CityCity of Nelson Nelson First 6 February[38]
Curtis, OswaldOswald Curtis Nelson CityCity of Nelson Nelson Second 6 February[25]
Richardson, RalphRalph Richardson Nelson SuburbsSuburbs of Nelson Nelson First 7 February[8]
Kelly, ThomasThomas Kelly New Plymouth Taranaki Second 28 January[23]
Swanson, WilliamWilliam Swanson Newton Auckland First 25 January[33]
Katene, WiWi Katene X-02Northern Maori First 15 February[23]
O'Rorke, MauriceMaurice O'Rorke Onehunga Auckland Third 20 February[15]
Wood, ReaderReader Wood Parnell Auckland Third 23 January[39]
Kenny, Courtney Picton Marlborough Second 27 January[23]
Macandrew, JamesJames Macandrew Port Chalmers Otago Fifth 15 February[40]
Fox, WilliamWilliam Fox Rangitikei Wellington Fourth 3 February[41]
McGillivray, LauchlanLauchlan McGillivray Riverton Southland Second 27 January[42]
Farnall, HenryHenry Farnall Rodney Auckland Second 13 February[43]
Driver, HenryHenry Driver Roslyn Otago Second 30 January[44]
Reeves, WilliamWilliam Reeves Selwyn Canterbury Second 1 February[45]
Taiaroa, Hori KereiHori Kerei Taiaroa X-03Southern Maori First 13 February[24]
Reid, Donald Donald Reid Taieri Otago Second 3 February[45]
O'Neill, Charles GordonCharles Gordon O'Neill Thames Auckland Second 9 February[15]
Stafford, EdwardEdward Stafford Timaru Canterbury Fourth 20 January[46]
Tribe, George HenryGeorge Henry Tribe Totara Westland First 8 February[47]
Brown, James ClarkJames Clark Brown Tuapeka Otago Second 13 February[9]
Bradshaw, James BennJames Benn Bradshaw Waikaia Otago Second 9 February[48]
McPherson, JamesJames McPherson Waikato Auckland First 10 February[35]
McLean, GeorgeGeorge McLean Waikouaiti Otago First 23 January[35]
Shephard, JosephJoseph Shephard Waimea Marlborough First 13 February[22]
Bunny, HenryHenry Bunny Wairarapa Wellington Third 28 January[26]
Andrew, JohnJohn Andrew Wairarapa Wellington First 28 January[49]
Eyes, William HenryWilliam Henry Eyes Wairau Marlborough Third 24 January[43]
Steward, WilliamWilliam Steward Waitaki Otago First 3 February[46]
Henderson, ThomasThomas Henderson Waitemata Auckland Fourth 8 February[50]
Haughton, Charles EdwardCharles Edward Haughton Wakatipu Otago Third 25 January[29]
Webster, GeorgeGeorge Webster Wallace Otago Second 20 February[31]
Bryce, JohnJohn Bryce Wanganui Wellington Second 30 January[9]
Hunter, GeorgeGeorge Hunter WellingtonCity of Wellington Wellington First 7 February[51]
Pearce, EdwardEdward Pearce Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington Wellington First 7 February[34]
Brandon, AlfredAlfred Brandon Wellington Country Wellington Fourth 17 January[9]
Parata, WiremuWiremu Parata X-04Western Maori First 13 February[28]

a Unseated on petition.

Changes during term[edit]

There were numerous changes during the term of the fifth Parliament.

By-election Electorate Date Incumbent Reason Winner
1871 City of Auckland West 1 September John Williamson Election Invalid[52] John Williamson
1871 Roslyn 12 September Henry Driver Resignation Edward McGlashan
1872 Wairau 19 February William Henry Eyes Resignation Arthur Seymour
1872 Waikato 1 March James McPherson Resignation William Jackson
1872 Wakatipu 13 March Charles Edward Haughton Resignation Bendix Hallenstein
1872 Rodney 16 March Harry Farnall Resignation John Sheehan
1872 City of Nelson 27 May Martin Lightband Resignation David Luckie
1872 Waikouaiti 12 June George McLean Resignation David Monro
1872 Coleridge[53] 23 July John Karslake Resignation William Bluett
1872 Heathcote[54] 30 July John Hall Resignation John Wilson
1872 Caversham 28 August Richard Cantrell Resignation William Tolmie
1872 Egmont 3 October William Gisborne Resignation Harry Atkinson
1873 Suburbs of Nelson 14 May Ralph Richardson Resignation Andrew Richmond
1873 Lyttelton[55] 19 May John Peacock Resignation Henry Webb
1873 Invercargill 22 May William Henderson Calder Resignation John Cuthbertson
1873 Waikouaiti 23 July David Monro Resignation John Lillie Gillies
1873 Mongonui and
Bay of Islands
24 July John McLeod Resignation John Williams
1873 Wakatipu 19 August Bendix Hallenstein Resignation Vincent Pyke
1873 Collingwood 9 December Arthur Collins Resignation William Gibbs
1874 Franklin 9 April Archibald Clark Resignation Joseph May
1874 (1st) Akaroa 20 April Robert Rhodes Resignation William Montgomery[56]
1874 City of Dunedin 23 April John Bathgate Resignation Nathaniel Wales
1874 Waitemata 3 August Thomas Henderson Resignation Gustav von der Heyde
1874 (2nd) Akaroa[57] 10 August William Montgomery Election invalid[58] William Montgomery
1874 Waitemata 16 September Gustav von der Heyde unseated on petition Gustav von der Heyde
1875 Kaiapoi 22 January John Studholme Resignation Charles Bowen
1875 (1st) City of Auckland West[59] 27 March Thomas Gillies Appointed to
Supreme Court
George Grey
1875 (2nd) City of Auckland West 14 April John Williamson Death Patrick Dignan
1875 Rangitikei 24 April William Fox Resignation John Ballance
1875 Waikouaiti 3 May John Lillie Gillies Resignation George McLean
1875 Wairau 21 June Arthur Seymour Resignation Joseph Ward
1875 Wallace 6 August George Webster Death Christopher Basstian
1875 Caversham 20 August William Tolmie Death Robert Stout
Akaroa

Robert Heaton Rhodes resigned on 18 February 1874.[8] William Montgomery won the subsequent 24 April 1874 by-election. In July 1874, a select committee declared Montgomery's election to be "null and void", as he had a contract for the supply of railway sleepers with the general government in breach of election rules. The select committee accepted that the breach was inadvertent.[58] Montgomery stood for re-election in a 10 August 1874 by-election[60] and was returned unopposed.[57][36]

Caversham

Richard Cantrell resigned on 31 July 1872.[16] He was succeeded by William Tolmie in a 28 August 1872 by-election, and he served until his death on 8 August 1875.[47] Robert Stout, a later Prime Minister, first entered Parliament through the resulting 20 August 1875 by-election.[33]

Coleridge

John Karslake Karslake resigned on 12 April 1872 to return to England (he drowned on the voyage home on 21 June 1872).[61][62] William Bluett succeeded him through the 22 July 1872 by-election.[48]

Collingwood

Arthur Collins resigned on 8 October 1873.[20] The resulting 9 December 1873 by-election was won by William Gibbs.[11]

City of Dunedin

Bathgate resigned in 1874[21] and was succeeded by Nathaniel Wales.[10]

City of Nelson

Lightband resigned in 1872 to return to England.[10] He was succeeded by David Luckie.

Egmont

Gisborne resigned in 1872[11] and was succeeded by Harry Atkinson.[49]

Franklin

Clark resigned in 1874[27] and was succeeded by Joseph May.[37]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 68.
  2. ^ King 2003, p. ?.
  3. ^ King 2003, p. 533.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 34–35.
  5. ^ "General elections 1853–2005 – dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "Representation Act 1870". Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 33–40.
  8. ^ a b c d e Scholefield 1950, p. 135.
  9. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 97.
  10. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  11. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  12. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  13. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  14. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  15. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
  16. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 99.
  17. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 116.
  18. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  19. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
  20. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  21. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  22. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  23. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  24. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  25. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 102.
  26. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 98.
  27. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 100.
  28. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 131.
  29. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  30. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 111.
  31. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  32. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  33. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  34. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  35. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 124.
  36. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  37. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  38. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  39. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  40. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  41. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 107.
  42. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 122.
  43. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 105.
  44. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
  45. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  46. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 140.
  47. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  48. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  49. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 93.
  50. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 113.
  51. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 115.
  52. ^ "SOUTHERN TELEGRAMS". Daily Southern Cross. 19 August 1871. p. 3. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  53. ^ "COLERIDGE ELECTION". The Star (1375). 24 July 1872. p. 2. Retrieved 14 April 2010. 
  54. ^ "Heathcote Election". The Star (1381). 31 July 1872. p. Page 2. Retrieved 3 March 2010. 
  55. ^ "LYTTELTON ELECTION.". The Star (1634). 20 May 1873. p. 3. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  56. ^ "GENERAL ASSEMBLY". The Star (1912). 21 April 1874. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  57. ^ a b "LATEST TELEGRAMS". The Star (2006). 10 August 1874. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  58. ^ a b "House of Representatives". The Star (1998). 31 July 1874. p. 2. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  59. ^ "AUCKLAND CITY WEST" (5490). Daily Southern Cross. 29 March 1875. p. 5. Retrieved 13 January 2011. 
  60. ^ "MR MONTGOMEEY AT AKAROA". The Star (2005). 8 August 1874. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  61. ^ "Monday, September 9, 1872". The Evening Post VIII (188). 9 September 1872. p. 2. Retrieved 29 September 2010. 
  62. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 1171.

References[edit]

  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Southland". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1906). "Present And Past Members of Parliament". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members of the House of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke's Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  • King, Michael (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand (20 ed.). Auckland: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-301867-1. 
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.