5th California Infantry Regiment

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5th California Volunteer Infantry
1stBearFlag.svg
California flag
Active September 12, 1861 to December 14, 1864
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements

American Civil War

The 5th Regiment California Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It spent its entire term of service in the western United States,[1] attached to the Department of the Pacific and Department of New Mexico.

5th California Regiment of Infantry Commanders[edit]

Company assignments[edit]

  • Headquarters: At Camp Union from September 1861 to March 1862 when it moved to Camp Wright, then for a short time was at Drum Barracks before joining the California Column's march across southern New Mexico Territory to Texas. There it occupied Franklin, Texas until the regiment was mustered out in December 1864.
  • Company A: Was enrolled at Yreka by Captain Joseph Smith. It was mustered into the United States service at Camp Union, October 2, 1861. It was sent to the southern part of the State in January, 1862, arriving at Fort Yuma during the month of February. During the month of March, 1862, it started for New Mexico, arriving at Tucson in July, and at Fort Fillmore, N. M., in August. It was stationed at Fort Fillmore and Mesilla, six miles above, until January, 1863; then at Pinos Altos until March, 1863; then at Fort Stanton, N. M., to May, 1864. It then formed part of an expedition to the headwaters of the Gila River, and was stationed at Fort Goodwin, Arizona, until it was ordered in to be finally mustered out, which took place at Mesilla, N. M., November 30, 1864.
  • Company B: Was mustered into the United States service at Camp Union, October 18, 1861. It remained at that post until the latter part of February, 1862, when it was sent to join the "California Column." It was on the steamer "Senator" en route to San Pedro, February 28, 1862; at Camp Wright, March 31, 1862; at Pimos Villages, April 30, 1862; at Tucson during May and June; at Cienega de Sauz, July 31, 1862; at Fort Fillmore, August 31, 1862; en route to Fort Craig, Sept. 30,1862; stationed at Fort Craig from October, 1862, to September, 1863; scouting on Rio de los Animas and the Gila during September, October, and November, 1863; at Fort Craig, December, 1863, and January, 1864; and at Franklin, Texas, from February, 1864, to December 12, 1864, on which date the company was finally mustered out
  • Company C: Was raised in Grass Valley by Captain John S. Thayer. It was mustered into the United States service at Camp Union, October 7, 1861. There is no record of the stations occupied by this company from date of organization to April, 1863. The company was at Las Cruces, N. M., from April, 1863, to June, 1863; at Franklin, Texas, June 30, 1863; at Las Cruces, N. M., during July, August, and September, 1863; at La Mesilla from October, 1863, to February, 1864; at Las Cruces to May, 1864; at Fort Goodwin until ordered in to be mustered out, which event took place at Mesilla, November 30, 1864.
  • Company D: Was organized at Sacramento, and was mustered into the United States service at same place September 17, 1861. It was soon sent south and joined the "California Column." There is no record of the stations it occupied until April 30, 1863, when it was at Mission Camp, on the Gila River, en route for Tucson. It was stationed at Tucson during nearly all the balance of its term of service, and was finally mustered out at Las Cruces, N. M., November 27, 1864, the officers and members whose terms of service had not expired going into Company D, First Veteran Infantry.
  • Company E: This company was raised in Sacramento by Captain S. P. Ford. The exact date of the muster in of the company cannot be found. The Captain and a large number of the men were mustered in October 30, 1861, and that is probably the date of the muster in of the company. The company was stationed at Camp Union, near Sacramento, until January, 1862. It was at Camp Latham, near Los Angeles, until March, 1862; at Camp Wright, San Diego County, March 31, 1862; at Fort Yuma, April 30, 1862; at Grassy Camp, Arizona, May 31, 1862; at Fort Barrett (Pimos Villages), June 30, 1862; and at Tucson from July until December, 1862. It was at San Pedro River, December 31, 1862; and at Fort Bowie, Arizona, in January, 1863, where it remained until May, 1863. It was then at Franklin, Texas, until August, 1863; at Rio Miembres, N. M., August 31, 1863; at Las Cruces, September 30, 1863, to May, 1864. It then went on the Gila River expedition, and was at Fort Goodwin until November, 1864, when it marched back to Mesilla, where it was finally mustered out November 30, 1864.
  • Company F: This company was raised in Quincy, Plumas County, by Captain James H. Whitlock, and was mustered into the United States service at Camp Union, October 23, 1861. The company was stationed at Camp Union until January, 1862; then at Camp Kellogg until March; at Camp Wright during the months of April and May; at Fort Yuma, June 30, 1862; at Maricopa Wells, July and August; en route to Tucson, September 30, 1862; at Tucson until April, 1863; at Las Cruces, N. M., May 31, and June 30, 1863; in the field near Cooks Canon, N. M., July 31, 1863; in camp on Rio Miembres, N. M., August 31, 1863; at Fort West. N. M., from September, 1863, to January, 1864; then on Rio Miembres until September, 1864; at Fort Cummings, N. M., during the months of September, October, and November, 1864. Mustered out at Las Cruces, November 30, 1864.
  • Company G: This company was raised by Captain Hugh L. Hinds in Placerville. It was mustered into the United States service at Camp Union, October 30, 1861, where it was stationed until February, 1862. En route to Camp Latham, February 28, 1862; at Camp Wright, March 31, 1862; at Tucson from April to August, 1862; at Fort Bowie, Arizona, from August, 1862, to January, 1863; en route to Fort Craig, N. M., January 31, 1863; at Fort Craig from January to June, 1863; then at Franklin, Texas, to July, 1864; at Las Cruces from July, 1864, to date of muster out, November 27, 1864.
  • Company H: Was raised by Captain Sylvester Soper at Placerville, and mustered' in at Camp Union. The exact date of muster in cannot be found, but it was probably November 14, 1861, as most of the men were mustered in on that day. The company was at San Diego, February 28 and March 31, 1862; at Camp Wright, April 30, 1862; at Fort Yuma, from May, 1862, to January, 1863; en route to Tucson, January 31, 1863; at Tucson until May, 1863; at Cook's Springs, N. M., May 31, 1863; at Franklin, Texas, June 30, 1863; at Las Cruces, July, 1863, to February, 1864; and at Franklin from February, 1864, to date of muster out, December 12, 1864.
  • Company I: Was organized in Benicia by Captain Joseph Tuttle. It was mustered into the service at Camp Union, November 11, 1861, where it remained until January, 1862. It was at Drum Barracks, January 31, 1862; at Camp Kellogg, February 28 and March 31, 1862; at Camp Wright, April 30, 1862; at Fort Yuma from May to October, 1862; at Drum Barracks, October 31, 1862, where the company remained until February, 1863; at Gifthaler Ranch, February 28, 1863; at Fort Yuma, March 31, 1863; at Tucson from April, 1863, to March, 1864; at Camp Miembres, N. M., March 31, 1864; at Fort Cummings, N. M., from April to November, 1864. Mustered out at Mesilla, November 30, 1864.
  • Company K: Was organized at Santa Cruz by Captain Thomas T. Tidball, and was mustered into the service at Camp Union, November 22, 1861. There is no record of the stations occupied by the company until March 31, 1863, at which time it was at Casa Blanco, Arizona. It was at Tucson, April 30, 1863; Tidball Expedition against Apache Indians May 2–11, 1863, Skirmish at Canyon de Aravaipa May 7, 1863; and at Fort Bowie, A. T., from May, 1863, to September, 1864; then at Las Cruces, N. M., to date of muster out, November 27, 1864.

References[edit]

See also[edit]