5th Royal Irish Lancers

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5th Royal Irish Lancers
Active 1689–1799
1858–1922
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Cavalry
Role Line Cavalry
Size 1 Regiment
Nickname The Redbreasts
Motto Quis separabit (Who shall separate us?)
March Slow: Let Erin Remember, The Harp That Once Through Tara's Halls
Commanders
Notable
commanders

Field Marshal Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth
General Joseph Yorke, 1st Baron Dover
General Robert Cuninghame, 1st Baron Rossmore
Major General Thomas Arthur Cooke
Major-General Sir Henry Jenner Scobell

Field Marshal Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

The 5th Royal Irish Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British army.

History[edit]

The regiment was originally formed in 1689 as James Wynne's Regiment of Dragoons.

They fought in the Battle of the Boyne and at the Battle of Aughrim under William of Orange. Renamed the Royal Dragoons of Ireland, they went on to serve with the Duke of Marlborough during the Spanish War of Succession and earned three battle honours there.

In 1751, they were retitled 5th Regiment of Dragoons and in 1756 the 5th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Dragoons. As such, they served in Ireland and were active during the Irish Rebellion of 1798. However, they were accused of treachery; their accusers claimed their ranks had been infiltrated by rebels. (According to Continental Magazine, April 1863, the unit refused to attack a group of rebels.[1]) This accusation appears to have been false, but nevertheless they were disbanded at Chatham in 1799.

Again according to Continental Magazine, "The circumstance was commemorated in a curious way. It was ordered that the 5th Royal Irish Light Dragoons should be erased from the records of the army list, in which a blank between the 4th and 6th Dragoons should remain forever, as a memorial of disgrace. For upward of half a century this gap remained in the army list, as anybody may see by referring to any number of that publication of half-a-dozen years back."

The regiment was reformed in 1858, keeping its old number and title, but losing precedence, being ranked after the 17th Lancers. It was immediately converted into a lancer regiment and titled 5th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Dragoons (Lancers). In 1861, it was renamed the 5th (or Royal Irish) Lancers and then the 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers. The regiment served in India and a section served in Egypt in 1885, taking part in the battles at Suakin. It served with distinction in the Second Boer War from 1899 to 1902, gaining battle honours at Battle of Elandslaagte and The Defence of Ladysmith.

The regiment then returned to England where it stayed until the outbreak of World War I, when it became part of the British Expeditionary Force and saw action continually from 1914 to 1918 in some of the war's bloodiest battles. During the battle of Bourlon Wood George William Burdett Clare received the Victoria Cross posthumously. The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers won a total of 20 battle honours during the Great War.

The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers also has the grim honour of being the regiment of the last British soldier to die in the Great War. This was Private George Edwin Ellison from Leeds, who was killed by a sniper as the regiment advanced into Mons a short time before the armistice came into effect.[2][3]

The regiment was renamed 5th Royal Irish Lancers and disbanded in 1921, but a squadron was reconstituted in 1922 and immediately amalgamated with the 16th The Queen's Lancers to become the 16th/5th Lancers (later the 16th/5th Queen's Royal Lancers). In 1993, this regiment was amalgamated with the 17th/21st Lancers to form the Queen's Royal Lancers.

Battle honours[edit]

The regiment was awarded the following battle honours:[4]

  • Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Suakin 1885, Defence of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899–1902
  • The Great War: Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, Messines 1914, Ypres 1914, 1915, Gheluvelt, St. Julien, Bellewaarde, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Cambrai 1917, Somme 1918, St. Quentin, Amiens, Hindenburg Line, Canal du Nord, Pursuit to Mons, France and Flanders 1914–18

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Continental Magazine, April 1863 at Project Gutenberg
  2. ^ "Casualty details—Ellison, George Edwin". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  3. ^ Fowler, Simon, ed. (December 2008). "Voices of the Armistice—The unluckiest man". Ancestors (The National Archives/Wharncliffe Publishing Limited) (76): p. 45. 
  4. ^ 5th Royal Irish Lancers (archive of regiments.org page)

External links[edit]

Preceded by
5th Royal Irish Lancers
1689–1922
Succeeded by
16th/5th Queen's Royal Lancers