5th arrondissement of Paris

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5th arrondissement of Paris
French municipal arrondissement
The Panthéon, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris.
The Panthéon, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris.
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Commune Paris
Government
 • Mayor Jean Tiberi
Area
 • Total 2.54 km2 (0.98 sq mi)
Population (8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total 58,849
 • Estimate (2005) 60,600
 • Density 23,000/km2 (60,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

The 5th arrondissement of Paris (also known as "arrondissement du Panthéon") is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of the capital city of France.

Situated on the left bank of the River Seine, it is one of the central arrondissements of the capital. The arrondissement is notable for being the location of the Quartier Latin, a district dominated by universities, colleges, and prestigious high schools.

The 5th arrondissement is also one of the oldest districts of the city, dating back to ancient times. Traces of the area's past survive in such sites as the Arènes de Lutèce, a Roman amphitheatre, and the Thermes de Cluny, a Roman thermae.

Geography[edit]

The 5th arrondissement covers some 2.541 km² (0.981 sq. miles, or 628 acres) in central Paris.

Demography[edit]

The population of the arrondissement peaked in 1911 when the population density reached almost 50,000 inhabitants per km². In 1999, the population was 58,849, while 48,909 worked in the arrondissement.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)
1872 96,689 38,052
1911 (peak of population) 121,378 47,768
1954 106,443 41,890
1962 96,031 37,793
1968 83,721 32,948
1975 67,668 26,630
1982 62,173 24,468
1990 61,222 24,094
1999 58,849 23,160
2009 61,531 24,225

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 5th arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
80.0% 20.0%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.8% 4.5% 5.4% 9.3%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

History[edit]

The Ve arrondissement is the oldest arrondissement in Paris, and was first built by the Romans.

The construction of the Roman town Lutetia dates back from the 1st century BC, which was built after the conquest of the Gaulish site, situated on the île de la Cité by the Romans.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Ministry of Higher Education and Research has its head office in the arrondissement.[1]

Map[edit]

Map of the 5th arrondissement

Cityscape[edit]

University of the Sorbonne.

Colleges and universities[edit]

As part of the Latin Quarter, the 5th arrondissement is known for its high concentration of educational and research establishments.

Main streets and squares[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mentions légales - Crédits." Ministry of Higher Education and Research. Retrieved on 6 May 2011. "Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche DELCOM - Département de la communication (DEPCOM) (organigramme) Adresse : 1, rue Descartes - 75231 Paris Cedex 05"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°50′50″N 2°20′40″E / 48.84722°N 2.34444°E / 48.84722; 2.34444