6-phosphofructo-2-kinase

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6-phosphofructo-2-kinase
Identifiers
EC number 2.7.1.105
CAS number 78689-77-7
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO
6PF2K
PDB 1k6m EBI.jpg
crystal structure of human liver 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase
Identifiers
Symbol 6PF2K
Pfam PF01591
Pfam clan CL0023
InterPro IPR013079
PROSITE PDOC00158
SCOP 1bif
SUPERFAMILY 1bif

In enzymology, a 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (EC 2.7.1.105) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + beta-D-fructose 6-phosphate \rightleftharpoons ADP + beta-D-fructose 2,6-bisphosphate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and beta-D-fructose 6-phosphate, whereas its two products are ADP and beta-D-fructose 2,6-bisphosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those transferring phosphorus-containing groups (phosphotransferases) with an alcohol group as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:beta-D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-phosphotransferase. Other names in common use include phosphofructokinase 2, 6-phosphofructose 2-kinase, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (phosphorylating), fructose 6-phosphate 2-kinase, and ATP:D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-phosphotransferase. This enzyme participates in fructose and mannose metabolism. The enzyme is important in the regulation of hepatic carbohydrate metabolism and is found in greatest quantities in the liver, kidney and heart. In mammals, several genes often encode different isoforms, each of which differs in its tissue distribution and enzymatic activity.[1] The family described here bears a resemblance to the ATP-driven phospho-fructokinases, however, they share little sequence similarity, although a few residues seem key to their interaction with fructose 6-phosphate.[2]

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 8 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1BIF, 1K6M, 2AXN, 2BIF, 2DWO, 2DWP, 2I1V, and 3BIF.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heine-Suñer D, Díaz-Guillén MA, Lange AJ, Rodríguez de Córdoba S (May 1998). "Sequence and structure of the human 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase heart isoform gene (PFKFB2)". Eur. J. Biochem. 254 (1): 103–10. doi:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1998.2540103.x. PMID 9652401. 
  2. ^ Wang X, Deng Z, Kemp RG (September 1998). "An essential methionine residue involved in substrate binding by phosphofructokinases". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 250 (2): 466–8. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1998.9311. PMID 9753654. 
  • Van Schaftingen E, Hers HG (1981). "Phosphofructokinase 2: the enzyme that forms fructose 2,6-bisphosphate from fructose 6-phosphate and ATP". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 101 (3): 1078–84. doi:10.1016/0006-291X(81)91859-3. PMID 6458291. 

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR013079