This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those transferring phosphorus-containing groups (phosphotransferases) with an alcohol group as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:beta-D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-phosphotransferase. Other names in common use include phosphofructokinase 2, 6-phosphofructose 2-kinase, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (phosphorylating), fructose 6-phosphate 2-kinase, and ATP:D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-phosphotransferase. This enzyme participates in fructose and mannose metabolism. The enzyme is important in the regulation of hepaticcarbohydratemetabolism and is found in greatest quantities in the liver, kidney and heart. In mammals, several genes often encode different isoforms, each of which differs in its tissue distribution and enzymatic activity. The family described here bears a resemblance to the ATP-driven phospho-fructokinases, however, they share little sequence similarity, although a few residues seem key to their interaction with fructose 6-phosphate.
^Wang X, Deng Z, Kemp RG (September 1998). "An essential methionine residue involved in substrate binding by phosphofructokinases". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.250 (2): 466–8. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1998.9311. PMID9753654.
Van Schaftingen E, Hers HG (1981). "Phosphofructokinase 2: the enzyme that forms fructose 2,6-bisphosphate from fructose 6-phosphate and ATP". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.101 (3): 1078–84. doi:10.1016/0006-291X(81)91859-3. PMID6458291.