60th Corps (German Empire)

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60th Corps
(Generalkommando zbV 60)
Stab eines Generalkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
Active 3 August 1915-1919
Country  German Empire
Branch Army
Engagements World War I
Disbanded 1919

The 60th Corps (German: Generalkommando zbV 60) was a corps formation of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on 20 November 1916 by the establishment of Gruppe Mitau and was still in existence at the end of the war.[1]

Chronicle[edit]

Gruppe Mitau, named for the city of Mitau, was set up on 3 August 1915. It was established as 60th[2] Corps (z.b.V.)[3] on 20 November 1916.[4] It was still in existence at the end of the war.[5]

With the onset of trench warfare, the German Army recognised that it was no longer possible to maintain the traditional Corps unit, that is, one made up of two divisions. Whereas at some times (and in some places) a Corps of two divisions was sufficient, at other times 5 or 6 divisions were necessary. Therefore, under the Hindenburg regime (from summer 1916), new Corps headquarters were created without organic divisions.[6] These new Corps were designated General Commands for Special Use (German: Generalkommandos zur besonderen Verwendung).

Commanders[edit]

The 60th Corps had the following commanders during its existence:[7][8]

Commander From To
Generalleutnant Günther von Pappritz 25 November 1916 16 March 1918
Generalleutnant Ludwig von Estorff 16 March 1918 end of the war

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 89
  2. ^ Note that Corps (z.b.V.) were designated with Arabic, not Roman, numerals.
  3. ^ General Commands for Special Use Generalkommandos zur besonderen Verwendung (Genkdo z.b.V.)
  4. ^ Cron 2002, p. 88
  5. ^ Cron 2002, p. 89
  6. ^ Cron 2002, p. 87
  7. ^ "The Prussian Machine, GenKdo". Retrieved 30 October 2012. 
  8. ^ "German War History". Retrieved 30 October 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1.