60th parallel north

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Line across the Earth
60°
60th parallel north

The 60th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 60 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

Although it lies approximately twice as far away from the Equator as from the North Pole, the 60th parallel is half as long as the Equator line. This is where the Earth bulges halfway as much as on the Equator.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 18 hours, 52 minutes during the summer solstice and 5 hours, 52 minutes during the winter solstice.[1] On 21 June, the sun is at 53.83 degrees up in the sky and 6.17 degrees on 21 December.[citation needed]

Around the world[edit]

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 60° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
60°0′N 0°0′E / 60.000°N 0.000°E / 60.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian) North Sea
60°0′N 5°2′E / 60.000°N 5.033°E / 60.000; 5.033 (Norway)  Norway Islands of Møkster, Selbjørn, Huftarøy, Reksteren and Tysnesøy, and the mainland
Passing just north of Oslo
60°0′N 12°23′E / 60.000°N 12.383°E / 60.000; 12.383 (Sweden)  Sweden
60°0′N 18°53′E / 60.000°N 18.883°E / 60.000; 18.883 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea
60°0′N 20°8′E / 60.000°N 20.133°E / 60.000; 20.133 (Åland Islands)  Åland Islands
60°0′N 20°58′E / 60.000°N 20.967°E / 60.000; 20.967 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea
60°0′N 22°22′E / 60.000°N 22.367°E / 60.000; 22.367 (Finland)  Finland
60°0′N 23°56′E / 60.000°N 23.933°E / 60.000; 23.933 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Passing just south of Helsinki,  Finland
60°0′N 24°26′E / 60.000°N 24.433°E / 60.000; 24.433 (Finland)  Finland Porkkala peninsula
60°0′N 24°30′E / 60.000°N 24.500°E / 60.000; 24.500 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland - passing just south of the island of Gogland,  Russia
60°0′N 27°48′E / 60.000°N 27.800°E / 60.000; 27.800 (Russia)  Russia Island of Moshchnyy
60°0′N 27°54′E / 60.000°N 27.900°E / 60.000; 27.900 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland
60°0′N 29°44′E / 60.000°N 29.733°E / 60.000; 29.733 (Russia)  Russia Island of Kotlin (city of Kronstadt)
60°0′N 29°47′E / 60.000°N 29.783°E / 60.000; 29.783 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland
60°0′N 30°5′E / 60.000°N 30.083°E / 60.000; 30.083 (Russia)  Russia Passing just north of Saint Petersburg
Passing through Lake Ladoga
60°0′N 154°30′E / 60.000°N 154.500°E / 60.000; 154.500 (Sea of Okhotsk) Sea of Okhotsk Shelikhov Gulf
60°0′N 161°28′E / 60.000°N 161.467°E / 60.000; 161.467 (Russia)  Russia Kamchatka Peninsula
60°0′N 165°14′E / 60.000°N 165.233°E / 60.000; 165.233 (Bering Sea) Bering Sea
60°0′N 166°10′E / 60.000°N 166.167°E / 60.000; 166.167 (Russia)  Russia
60°0′N 166°33′E / 60.000°N 166.550°E / 60.000; 166.550 (Bering Sea) Bering Sea Olyutorsky Gulf
60°0′N 170°9′E / 60.000°N 170.150°E / 60.000; 170.150 (Russia)  Russia
60°0′N 170°26′E / 60.000°N 170.433°E / 60.000; 170.433 (Bering Sea) Bering Sea
60°0′N 167°8′W / 60.000°N 167.133°W / 60.000; -167.133 (United States)  United States Alaska - Nunivak Island
60°0′N 165°39′W / 60.000°N 165.650°W / 60.000; -165.650 (Etolin Strait) Etolin Strait
60°0′N 164°9′W / 60.000°N 164.150°W / 60.000; -164.150 (United States)  United States Alaska
60°0′N 152°38′W / 60.000°N 152.633°W / 60.000; -152.633 (Cook Inlet) Cook Inlet
60°0′N 151°44′W / 60.000°N 151.733°W / 60.000; -151.733 (United States)  United States Alaska - Kenai Peninsula, Evans Island, Elrington Island, Latouche Island and Montague Island
60°0′N 147°24′W / 60.000°N 147.400°W / 60.000; -147.400 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Gulf of Alaska
60°0′N 144°24′W / 60.000°N 144.400°W / 60.000; -144.400 (United States)  United States Alaska - Wingham Island, Kayak Island and a small section of mainland
60°0′N 143°50′W / 60.000°N 143.833°W / 60.000; -143.833 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Gulf of Alaska
60°0′N 141°53′W / 60.000°N 141.883°W / 60.000; -141.883 (United States)  United States Alaska
60°0′N 139°3′W / 60.000°N 139.050°W / 60.000; -139.050 (Canada)  Canada Yukon / British Columbia border
Northwest Territories / British Columbia border
Northwest Territories / Alberta border
Northwest Territories / Saskatchewan border
Northwest Territories / Manitoba border - for about 400m
Nunavut / Manitoba border
60°0′N 94°49′W / 60.000°N 94.817°W / 60.000; -94.817 (Hudson Bay) Hudson Bay Passing just north of the Ottawa Islands, Nunavut,  Canada
60°0′N 77°17′W / 60.000°N 77.283°W / 60.000; -77.283 (Canada)  Canada Quebec
60°0′N 69°46′W / 60.000°N 69.767°W / 60.000; -69.767 (Ungava Bay) Ungava Bay
60°0′N 65°7′W / 60.000°N 65.117°W / 60.000; -65.117 (Canada)  Canada Quebec
Newfoundland and Labrador
60°0′N 64°9′W / 60.000°N 64.150°W / 60.000; -64.150 Atlantic Ocean Border between the Davis Strait (to the north) and the Labrador Sea (to the south)[2]
60°0′N 44°52′W / 60.000°N 44.867°W / 60.000; -44.867 (Greenland)  Greenland
60°0′N 43°9′W / 60.000°N 43.150°W / 60.000; -43.150 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean
60°0′N 1°21′W / 60.000°N 1.350°W / 60.000; -1.350 (United Kingdom)  United Kingdom Scotland - Islands of Mainland and Mousa, Shetland Islands
60°0′N 1°11′W / 60.000°N 1.183°W / 60.000; -1.183 (North Sea) North Sea

Canada[edit]

The 60th parallel north in Canada, marking the southern borders of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and the Nunavut mainland.

In Canada, the 60th parallel constitutes the mainland boundary between the northern territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut to the north, and the western provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba to the south.

Accordingly, "north of 60" is an expression often used for the territories, although parts of Nunavut (the islands of Hudson Bay and James Bay) are located south of the 60th parallel, and parts of Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador are located north, to the east of Hudson Bay. A 1990s TV show on CBC about life in the Northwest Territories was called North of 60.

Canada's only four corners are located at the intersection of the 60th parallel and the 102nd meridian west, between the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. However, this is not a true quadripoint as the Saskatchewan / Manitoba border actually runs slightly west of the meridian.

Greenland[edit]

Between 1776 and 1950, the 60th parallel formed the southern limit of the Royal Greenland Trade Department's exclusive monopoly on trade near the Dano-Norwegian and later Danish colonies of Greenland (1776–1782) and South Greenland (1782–1950).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Dur_OneYear.php
  2. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  3. ^ Marquardt, Ole. "Change and Continuity in Denmark's Greenland Policy" in The Oldenburg Monarchy: An Underestimated Empire?. Verlag Ludwig (Kiel), 2006.