624 Hektor

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624 Hektor
624Hektor-LB1-mag15.jpg
Star field showing Hektor (apmag 15)
Discovery
Discovered by August Kopff
Discovery date 10 February 1907
Designations
Pronunciation /ˈhɛktɔr/ HEK-tor
Named after
Hector
1907 XM; 1948 VD
Minor planet category Trojan asteroid
Adjectives Hektorian
Orbital characteristics[2]
Epoch 22 October 2004 (JD 2453300.5)
Aphelion 5.349 AU (800.220 Gm)
Perihelion 5.095 AU (762.145 Gm)
5.222 AU (781.183 Gm)
Eccentricity 0.024
11.93 a (4358.521 d)
13.03 km/s
94.752°
Inclination 18.198°
342.791°
183.579°
Known satellites S/2006 (624) 1[1]
(15km diameter)
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 370 × 195 × 195 km[3]
226.68 ± 15.15[4] km
Mass (9.95 ± 0.12) × 1018[4] kg
Mean density
1.63 ± 0.32[4] g/cm3
~0.067 m/s²
~0.13 km/s
0.2884 d (6.92 h)[5]
Albedo 0.025 (geometric)[2]
Temperature ~122 K
Spectral type
D
13.79 to 15.26
7.49[2]
0.078" to 0.048"

624 Hektor is the largest Jupiter trojan. It was discovered in 1907 by August Kopff.

Hektor is a D-type asteroid, dark and reddish in colour. It lies in Jupiter's leading Lagrangian point, L4, called the 'Greek' node after one of the two sides in the legendary Trojan War. Hektor is named after the Trojan hero Hektor and is thus one of two trojan asteroids that is "misplaced" in the wrong camp (the other one being 617 Patroclus in the Trojan node).

Contact binary plus moon[edit]

Hektor is one of the most elongated bodies of its size in the Solar System, being 370 × 200 km. It is thought that Hektor might be a contact binary (two asteroids joined by gravitational attraction) like 216 Kleopatra. Hubble Space Telescope observations of Hektor in 1993 did not show an obvious bilobate shape because of a limited angular resolution. On 17 July 2006, the Keck-10m II telescope and its Laser guide star Adaptive Optics (AO) system indicated a bilobate shape for Hektor.[6] Additionally, a 12-km-diameter moon of Hektor, S/2006 (624) 1, was detected with an orbit semimajor axis of 623.5 km and an orbit period of 2.9651 days.,[1][7] and was confirmed with Keck observations in November 2011.[8] Hektor is, so far, the only known binary trojan asteroid in the L4 point and the first known trojan with a satellite companion. 617 Patroclus, another large trojan asteroid located in the L5, is composed of two same-sized components.[6]

Hektor in fiction[edit]

See Asteroids in fiction.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "IAUC 8732: S/2006 (624) 1 (Satellite Discovery)". Retrieved 23 July 2006. 
  2. ^ a b c "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 624 Hektor (1907 XM)" (5 September 2008 last obs). Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  3. ^ Storrs, Alex; Weiss, B.; Zellner, B. et al. (1998). "Imaging Observations of Asteroids with Hubble Space Telescope". Icarus 137 (2): 260–268. Bibcode:1999Icar..137..260S. doi:10.1006/icar.1999.6047. Retrieved 22 May 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c Carry, B. (December 2012), "Density of asteroids", Planetary and Space Science 73: 98–118, arXiv:1203.4336, Bibcode:2012P&SS...73...98C, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2012.03.009.  See Table 1.
  5. ^ Detal, A.; Hainaut, O.; Pospieszalska-Surdej, A.; Schils, P.; Schober, H. J.; Surdej, J. (1994). "Pole, albedo and shape of the minor planets 624 Hektor and 43 Ariadne". Astronomy and Astrophysics 281: 269. Bibcode:1994A&A...281..269D. ISSN 0004-6361. 
  6. ^ a b Franck Marchis. "Searching and Characterizing Multiple Trojan Asteroids with LGS AO Systems". 
  7. ^ Marchis, Frank; Durech, Josef; Castillo-Rogez, Julie; Vachier, Frédéric; Ćuk, Matija; Berthier, Jérôme; Wong, Michael H.; Kalas, Paul; Duchene, Gaspard; van Dam, Marcos A.; Hamanowa, H.; Viikinkoski, M. (28 February 2014). "The Puzzling Mutual Orbit of the Binary Trojan Asteroid (624) Hektor". The Astrophysical Journal Letters L37 (2014). doi:10.1088/2041-8205/783/2/L37. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Tiny moon of (624) Hektor observed with Keck-AO NGS". 

External links[edit]