62nd NHK Cup (shogi)

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The 62nd NHK Cup, or as it is officially known the 62nd NHK Cup TV Shogi Tournament (第62回NHK杯テレビ将棋トーナメント dairokujūnikai enueichikeihai terebi shōgi tōnamento?) was a professional shogi tournament organized by the Japan Shogi Association(ja) (日本将棋連盟 Nihon Shōgi Renmei?), or JSA, and sponsored by Japan's public broadcaster NHK (日本放送協会 the Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai?). Play began on April 8, 2012 and ended on March 17, 2013. The 50-player single elimination tournament was won by Akira Wantanabe. All of the tournament games were shown on NHK-E. The host (司会者 shikaisha?) during the NHK-E broadcasts was women's professional (女流棋士 joryūkishi?) Rieko Yauchi.[1]

Participants[edit]

Preliminary tournaments[edit]

A total of 127 shogi professionals (棋士 kishi?)[a] competed in 18 preliminary tournaments to qualify for the main tournament. These tournaments were one-day tournaments held at both the Tokyo Shogi Kaikan(ja) and the Kansai Shogi Kaikan(ja) and were not televised. Each tournament consisted of seven or eight players. The initial time control for each player was 20 minutes followed by a 30 second byōyomi.[2] A "piece toss" (振り駒 furigoma?) was performed prior to each game to determine "the player who moves first" (先手 sente?).[3]

The women's professional[b] seed is normally determined by a playoff or qualifying tournament among the reigning women's major titleholders.[c] Since two of the four reigning titleholders− Kana Satomi 3 crown[d] (Women's Meijin, Women's ōshō, and Kurashiki Tōka) and Momoko Katō (Women's ōza)−were also "apprentice professionals" (奨励会員 shōreikaiin?), they were ineligible to qualify; therefore, the women's professional seed was determined by a single-game playoff between Hatsumi Ueda (Mynavi Open) and Tomomi Kai (Women's ōi), which was won by Kai.[e]

Below are the bracket from two of the preliminary tournaments.

7-player preliminary tournament won by Atsushi Miyata 6d
8-player preliminary tournament won by Akira Inaba 5d

Main tournament[edit]

The first time control for main tournament games was ten minutes per player. Once this was used up, a second time control of 10 one-minute periods of "thinking time" (考慮時間 kōryō jikan?) began. Each player was given 30 seconds to make their move. If they did so, then no thinking time periods were used. If, however, they did not, a thinking time period began and they then had up to one minute (more specifically 59 seconds) to make a move before entering the next thinking time period. This process was repeated until a player had used all ten thinking time periods. Then, the final byōyomi time control of 30 seconds per move then began.[7] Sente was determined prior to each game by piece toss.

The 50 players listed below qualified for the main tournament.

No. Player Rank/Title
A1 Yoshiharu Habu NHK Cup
A2 Atsushi Miyata 6d
A3 Takanori Hashimoto 8d
A4 Kensuke Kitahama 7d
A5 Takayuki Yamasaki 7d
A6 Shōji Seigawa 4d
A7 Hiroki Nakata 8d
A8 Toshiyuki Moriuchi Meijin
A9 Chikara Akutsu 7d
A10 Shingo Hirafuji 7d
A11 Osamu Nakamura 9d
A12 Kenjirō Abe 5d
A13 Takeshi Fujii 9d
A14 Hiroyuki Miura 8d
A15 Tatsuya Sugai 5d
A16 Masataka Sugimoto 7d
A17 Hiroshi Kamiya 7d
A18 Takuya Nagase 4d
A19 Kazuki Kimura 8d
A20 Masataka Gōda Kiō
A21 Kōru Abe 4d
A22 Mitsunori Makino 4d
A23 Yoshikazu Minami 9d
A24 Hisashi Namekata 8d
A25 Toshiaki Kubo 9d
No. Player Rank/Title
B1 Akira Watanabe Ryūō
B2 Keita Kadokura 4d
B3 Kōichi Fukaura 9d
B4 Hiroshi Kobayashi 7d
B5 Taichi Nakamura 5d
B6 Toshiyuki Nakao 5d
B7 Ayumu Matsuo 7d
B8 Tadahisa Maruyama 9d
B9 Tadashi Ōishi 4d
B10 Akira Inaba 5d
B11 Amahiko Satō 6d
B12 Kazutoshi Satō 5d
B13 Yasumitsu Satō ōshō
B14 Kōji Tanigawa 9d
B15 Sakio Chiba 6d
B16 Daisuke Suzuki 8d
B17 Akira Shima 9d
B18 Keita Inoue 9d
B19 Michio Takahashi 9d
B20 Nobuyuki Yashiki 9d
B21 Tomomi Kai W4d[f]
B22 Hirotaka Nozuki 7d
B23 Shinya Satō 6d
B24 Masayuki Toyoshima 6d
B25 Mamoru Hatakeyama 7d

Notes:

  • "No." represents the bracket position of the player in their respective block and "Rank/Title" represents the rank or title(s) held by the player when the original bracket was finalized. A dan/kyū (段級 dankyū?) grading system is used for ranking players.
  • Players whose names are in bold were seeded directly into the main tournament and are as follows:[g]
  1. 61st NHK Cup (four players): Habu (champion), Watanabe (runner-up), Kubo (semifinalist) and Hatakeyama (semifinalist).
  2. Seven major titleholders (two players): Moriuchi (Meijin) and Gōda (Kiō) [h]
  3. Class A (six players): Y. Satō, Miura, Tanigawa, Yashiki, Takahashi, and Maruyama
  4. Class B1 (twelve players): Kimura, Fujii, Fukaura, Matsuo, Namekata, Yamasaki, Suzuki, Nakata, Inoue, Nakamura, Hashimoto and Akutsu
  5. Other tournament winners (two players): A. Satō (Shinjin-Ō) and Sugai (Daiwa Cup)
  6. Women's professional (one player): Kai Women's 4 dan (Women's ōi)
  7. Others with outstanding records (five players): Toyoshima (Class C1), Nakamura (Class C2), Ōishi (Class C2), Nagase (Class C2) and Makino (Class C2) [i]
Among these 32 seeds, the following 14 were given byes in round 1 and began play in round 2: Habu, Watanabe, Kubo, Hatakeyama, Moriuchi, Gōda, Y. Satō, Miura, Tanigawa, Yashiki, Takahashi, Maruyama, Kimura and Fujii.
  • The remaining players qualified by winning preliminary tournaments.

The bracket at the start of the tournament in shown below.

62nd NHK Cup TV Shogi Tournament bracket (start)

Results[edit]

Winners are listed in bold. "Date" refers to the date the game was broadcast. Dan and titles are as of the date the game was broadcast. "Guest Analyst" refers to the kishi who provided commentary during the broadcast.[1] "No. of moves" refers to the total number of moves played in the game.[j]

Round 1[edit]

A total of 18 games were played in round 1. Play began on April 8, 2012 and ended on August 12, 2012. The 18 preliminary tournament winners were paired against 18 seeded players.

No. Block Sente Gote[k] No. of moves Date Guest Analyst
1 B Tadashi Ōishi 4d Akira Inaba 5d 96 April 8, 2012 Takayuki Yamasaki 7d
2 A Kōru Abe 4d Mitsunori Makino 4d 167 April 15, 2012 Osamu Nakamura 9d
3 B Shinya Satō 6d Masayuki Toyoshima 7d 106 April 22, 2012 Amahiko Satō 7d
4 B Hiroshi Kobayashi 7d Taichi Nakamura 6d 80 April 29, 2012 Eiji Iijima 7d
5 B Sakio Chiba 6d Daisuke Suzuki 8d 184 May 6, 2012 Tadao Kitajima 6d
6 A Yoshikazu Minami 9d Hisashi Namekata 8d 112 May 13, 2012 Bungo Fukazaki 9d
7 A Takuya Nagase 4d Hiroshi Kamiya 7d 67 May 20, 2012 Akira Shima 9d
8 A Hiroki Nakata 8d Shōji Seigawa 4d 103 May 27, 2012 Takahiro Toyokawa 7d
9 A Osamu Nakamura 9d Kenjirō Abe 5d 106 June 3, 2012 Hirouki Miura 8d
10 B Ayumu Matsuo 7d Toshiyuki Nakao 5d 129 June 10, 2012 Teruichi Aono 9d
11 B Kōichi Fukaura 9d Keita Kadokura 4d 85 June 17, 2012 Kazuo Ishida 9d
12 B Amahiko Satō 7d Kazutoshi Satō 5d 131 June 24, 2012 Makoto Tobe 6d
13 B Keita Inoue 9d Akira Shima 9d 86 July 1, 2012 Yoshikazu Minami 9d
14 B Tomomi Kai W-4d Hirotaka Notsuki 7d 86 July 8, 2012 Yūsuke Toyama 5d
15 A Masataka Sugimoto 7d Tatsuya Sugai 5d 115 July 15, 2012 Takashi Abe 8d
16 A Takanori Hashimoto 8d Atsushi Miyata 6d 133 July 22, 2012 Akira Watanabe Ryūō
17 A Shingo Hirafuji 7d Chikara Akutsu 7d 112 July 29, 2012 Mamoru Hatakeyama 7d
18 A Kensuke Kitahama 7d Takayuki Yamasaki 7d 86 August 5, 2012 Masayuki Toyoshima 7d

Round 2[edit]

A total of 16 games were played in round 2. Play began on August 12, 2012 and ended on November 25, 2012. The 18 winners from round 1 were joined by the 14 players who had received round 1 byes.

No. Block Sente Gote No. of moves Date Guest Analyst
1 A Kenjirō Abe 5d Takeshi Fujii 9d 94 August 12, 2012 Kazuyoshi Nishimura 9d
2 B Akira Watanabe Ryūō Kōichi Fukaura 9d 87 August 19, 2012 Nobuyuki Yashiki 9d
3 B Daisuke Suzuki 8d Kōji Tanigawa 9d 89 August 26, 2012 Masataka Sugimoto 7d
4 A Hisashi Namekata 8d Toshiaki Kubo 9d 131 September 2, 2012 Masahiko Urano 7d
5 A Kōru Abe 4d Masataka Gōda Kiō 94 September 9, 2012 Yasumitsu Satō ōshō
6 B Masayuki Toyoshima 7d Mamoru Hatakeyama 7d 130 September 16, 2012 Akira Inaba 6d
7 B Taichi Nakamura 6d Ayumu Matsuo 7d 117 September 23, 2012 Kazuki Kimura 8d
8 B Nobuyuki Yashiki 9d Hirotaka Nozuki 7d 87 September 30, 2012 Makoto Chūza 7d
9 A Kazuki Kimura 8d Takuya Nagase 5d 87 October 7, 2012 Akihito Hirose 7d
10 B Amahiko Satō 7d Yasumitsu Satō ōshō 115 October 14, 2012 Manabu Senzaki 8d
11 B Michio Takahashi 9d Akira Shima 9d 95 October 21, 2012 Toshiyuki Moriuchi Meijin
12 A Takanori Hashimoto 8d Yoshiharu Habu NHK Cup 134 October 28, 2012 Chikara Akutsu 7d
13 B Akira Inaba 6d Tadahisa Maruyama 9d 179 November 4, 2012 Keita Inoue 9d
14 A Hiroyuki Miura 8d Masataka Sugimoto 7d 157 November 11, 2012 Daisuke Suzuki 8d
15 A Takayuki Yamasaki 7d Hiroki Nakata 8d 123 November 18, 2012 Michio Takahashi 9d
16 A Chikara Akutsu 7d Toshiyuki Moriuchi Meijin 106 November 25, 2012 Yasumitsu Satō ōshō

Round 3[edit]

Play began on December 2, 2012 and ended on January 27, 2013. Out of the 18 preliminary tournament winners, only Akira Inaba 6d made it as far as round 3.

No. Block Sente Gote No. of moves Date Guest Analyst
1 A Yoshiharu Habu NHK Cup Takayuki Yamasaki 7d 85 December 2, 2012 Taku Morishita 9d
2 B Nobuyuki Yashiki 9d Mamoru Hatakeyama 7d 119 December 9, 2012 Hiroyuki Miura 8d
3 B Amahiko Satō 7d Akira Inaba 6d 123 December 16, 2012 Taichi Nakamura 6d
4 A Hiroyuki Miura 8d Kazuki Kimura 8d 117 December 23, 2012 Hirotaka Nozuki 7d
5 B Michio Takahashi 9d Daisuke Suzuki 8d 100 January 6, 2013 Takeshi Fujii 9d
6 B Taichi Nakamura 6d Akira Watanabe Ryūō 136 January 13, 2013 Yasuaki Murayama 6d
7 A Takeshi Fujii 9d Toshiyuki Moriuchi Meijin 102 January 20, 2013 Kōichi Fukaura 9d
8 A Hisashi Namekata 8d Masataka Gōda Kiō 122 January 27, 2013 Takanori Hashimoto 8d

Quarterfinals[edit]

The eight remaining players were paired off against each other with play beginning on February 3 and ending on February 24, 2013. Four major titleholders (Watanabe, Moriuchi, Habu, and Gōda) as well as four former NHK Cup Champions (Habu, Moriuchi, Miura, and Suzuki) made it as far as the quarterfinals.

No. Block Sente Gote No. of moves Date Guest Analyst
1 A Yoshiharu Habu NHK Cup Toshiyuki Moriuchi Meijin 107 February 3, 2013 Akira Shima 9d
2 B Akira Watanabe Ryūō Amahiko Satō 7d 81 February 10, 2013 Chikara Akutsu 7d
3 B Nobuyuki Yashiki 9d Daisuke Suzuki 8d 142 February 17, 2013 Toshiaki Kubo 9d
4 A Hiroyuki Miura 8d Masataka Gōda Kiō 100 February 24, 2013 Tadahisa Maruyama 9d

Semifinals[edit]

The two remaining players from each block with paired against each other to determine the respective block winners. The 1st semifinal game between Daisuke Suzuki 8d (sente) and Akira Watanabe Ryūō (gote) was broadcast on March 3, 2013. Watanabe won the game in 122 moves. The guest analyst was Taku Morishita 9d. The 2nd semifinal game was between Masataka Gōda Kiō (sente) and Yoshiharu Habu NHK Cup (gote). The game was broadcast on March 10, 2013 and won by Habu in 116 moves. The guest analyst was Manabu Senzaki 8d.

Finals[edit]

After 109 preliminary tournament games and 48 main tournament games involving 160 players, Yoshiharu Habu NHK Cup and Akira Watanabe Ryūō met in the final which was broadcast on March 17, 2013. Habu had won the tournament the previous four years and was on 24 NHK Cup game winning streak; Watanabe, on the other hand, was looking for his first NHK Cup championship and also to avoid losing to Habu in the finals for the second year in a row. [l] The piece toss before the game resulted in Watanabe being sente and he won the game in 109 moves, thus becoming the 62nd NHK Cup Champion.[11] The guest analyst for the final match were Takeshi Fujii 9 dan and the hosts were NHK announcer Nobuhiro Hori and women's professional Rieko Yauchi. A radio broadcast of the final aired on May 3, 2013. The host was NHK announcer Taiga Sekiguchi and the guest analysts were Akira Shima 9d, Kazuki Kimura 8d and Takanori Hashimoto 8d.[12]

62nd NHK Cup Final (109. P-8c+)
Gote: Yoshiharu Habu NHK Cup
Pieces-in-hand: (2)
Shogi zhor 22.png
91 81 71 61 51 41 31 21 11
92 82 72 62 52 42 32 22 12
93 83 73 63 53 43 33 23 13
94 84 74 64 54 44 34 24 14
95 85 75 65 55 45 35 25 15
96 86 76 66 56 46 36 26 16
97 87 77 67 57 47 37 27 17
98 88 78 68 58 48 38 28 18
99 89 79 69 59 49 39 29 19
Shogi ranks(a-i).png
Sente: Akira Watanabe Ryūō
Pieces-in-hand:


The game score and a diagram showing the final position is given below.[13]
Sente: Akira Watanabe Ryūō
Gote: Yoshiharu Habu NHK Cup
Opening: Yagura (irregular)(ja)
1.P-7f, 2. P-3d, 3. P-2f, 4. P-4d, 5. P-2e, 6. B-3c, 7. S-3h, 8. P-8d, 9. S-7h, 10. P-8e, 11. S-7g, 12. S-2b, 13. P-5f, 14. B-4b, 15. B-7i, 16. S-3c, 17. G-7h, 18. G-3b, 19. K-6i, 20. P-5d, 21. P-3f, 22. G-5b, 23 S-3g, 24. G5b-4c, 25. P-3e, 26. B-6d, 27. Px3d, 28. Sx3d, 29. P-4f, 30. K-4a, 31. P-2d, 32. Px2d, 33. Rx2d, 34. K-3a, 35. R-2h, 36. P*3d, 37. B-6h, 38. N-3c, 39. K-7i, 40. S-6b, 41. K-8h, 42. P-7c, 43. P-6f, 44. P-7e, 45. Px7e, 46. Bx7e, 47. P*7f, 48. B-6d, 49. G-5h, 50. S-7c, 51. G5h-6g, 52. S-3d, 53. P*3f, 54. Px3f, 55. Sx3f, 56. P*3e, 57. S-4g, 58. N-7c, 59. N-3g, 60. P-9d, 61. P*2d, 62. P*2b, 63. P-9f, 64. L-9c, 65. B-5g, 66. R-9b, 67. P-1f, 68. B-5c, 69. P-6e, 70. Sx6e, 71. B-8d, 72. P*7b, 73. P-5e, 74. Px5e, 75. P*5b, 76. K-4b, 77. S-6f, 78. S-7d, 79. P-5a+, 80. P-8f, 81. Px8f, 82. Kx5a, 83. R-5h, 84. P*8g, 85. K-7i, 86. S-8c, 87. B-7e, 88. Bx7e, 89. Px7e, 90. B*2g, 91. P*5d, 92. B-4i+, 93. Rx5e, 94. P*5b, 95. P-7d, 96. +B-4h, 97. B*5f, 98. R-8b, 99. Px7c+, 100. Px7c, 101. N*6e, 102. K-6b, 103. N-7g, 104. S-8d, 105. P-8e, 106. +Bx3g, 107. Px8d, 108. N*6d, 109. P-8c+, gote resigns (diagram)

The final tournament bracket is shown below.

62nd NHK Cup TV Shogi Tournament bracket (final)

Other[edit]

  • Sente won 26 (a little more than 53%) of the 49 games.
  • The average number of moves per main tournament game was 112. The most moves played in a single game was 184 (Rd. 1, Chiba 6d vs. Suzuki 8d) while the fewest number of moves played was 67 (Rd. 1, Nagase 4d vs. Kamiya 7d).
  • There were no replays resulting from repetition (千日手 sennichite?) or impasse (持将棋 jishōgi?), and there were no disqualifications due to illegal moves[14] or time forfeits.
  • The age breakdown (age at start of the tournament) for the players who qualified was as follows: 10–19 years old, 3 players; 20–29 years old, 10 players; 30–39 years old, 19 players; 40–49 years old, 16 players; 50–59 years old, 2 players. The oldest player was Michio Takahashi 9d (51 years old) and the youngest player was Kōru Abe 4d (17 years old).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The word kishi refers to shogi players officially awarded professional status by the JSA. Only amateurs strong enough to join and graduate from the JSA's "apprentice professional training school" (奨励会 shōreikai?) are awarded kishi status and the rank of professional 4 dan.
  2. ^ Women's professionals are recognized by the JSA, but they are only granted kishi status upon completion of the shōrekai. To date, there have been women (including some currently active women's professionals) who have successfully qualified for the shōreikai, but so far not one has successfully graduated. Only three women have made it as far as 1 dan in the shōreikai[4] and of those three only one has made it as far as 3 dan.[5]
  3. ^ There are six women's major titles: the Women's Meijin, the Women's ōshō, the Women's ōi, the Woman's ōza, the Kurashiki Tōka, and the Mynavi Women's Open.
  4. ^ The Japanese character means "crown" and is commonly used as an honorific suffix attached to the names of multiple major titleholders. Therefore, "3 crown" (三冠 sankan?) means that the player currently holds three major titles. Players holding only one major title are commonly referred to by their title. Non major titleholders are referred to by their rank (dan).
  5. ^ Kai lost her Women's ōi title to Satomi 3 crown in May 2012.[6]
  6. ^ "W4d" stands for "Women's professional 4 dan". Women's professionals are ranked differently than regular professionals (kishi) by the JSA. The strongest women's professionals are considered to be roughly equivalent to 1 dan or 2 dan apprentice professionals in playing strength.[8]
  7. ^ Players overlapping multiple categories are only listed once.
  8. ^ The other major titleholders at the end of the previous year were Habu (ōi, and Kisei), Watanabe (Ryūō and ōza), and Kubo (ōshō). Kubo actually lost ōshō title to Y. Satō[9] in the weeks leading up to the tournament, but by then the bracket had been set.
  9. ^ Based upon JSA 2011 calendar year rankings in the following three categories: games played, games won, and winning percentage.[10]
  10. ^ Unlike in chess where moves are numbered in pairs, moves in shogi numbered individually so a game that lasts 51 moves means that sente made 26 moves and gote made 25 moves.[citation needed]
  11. ^ Gote (後手?) refers to "the player who moves second".
  12. ^ This was the second time that Habu had faced the same player in consecutive NHK Cup finals. Habu beat Tetsurō Itodani 5d in the finals of both the 59th and 60th NHK Cup

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "第62回NHKテレビ将棋トーナメント" [62nd NHK TV Shogi Tournament] (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  2. ^ 第62回NHK杯戦予選 [62nd NHK Cup preliminaries] (in Japanese). 日本将棋連盟. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Lesson 4: The Players". 81-square Universe. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  4. ^ 加藤桃子奨励会1級、初段に昇段! [Momoko Katō Apprentice Professional 1 Kyū Promoted to 1 Dan] (in Japanese). 日本将棋連盟. 12 May 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  5. ^ 里見女流三冠、奨励会三段に 女性初の棋士へ最終関門 [Satomi Women's 3 Crown, Promoted to Apprentice Professional 3 Dan, Last Barrier Before Becoming First Woman "Regular" Shogi Professional]. 朝日新聞デジタル (in Japanese) (Tokyo, Japan: The Asahi Shimbun Company). 23 December 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  6. ^ 第23期女流王位戦 [23rd Women's ōi Tournament] (in Japanese). 日本女子プロ将棋協会. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  7. ^ 対局のルール [Game rules] (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Hosking, Tony (1997). The Art of Shogi. Stratford-upon-Avon, England: The Shogi Foundation. p. 6. ISBN 978-0953108909. 
  9. ^ 第61期王将戦 [61st ōshō Tournament] (in Japanese). 日本将棋連盟. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  10. ^ 過去の記録一覧 [List of Past Results] (in Japanese). 日本将棋連盟. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  11. ^ 渡辺が初優勝NHK将棋杯 [Watanabe first championship, NHK Shōgi Cup]. 朝日新聞デジタル (in Japanese) (Tokyo, Japan: The Asahi Shimbun Company). 19 March 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  12. ^ "ラジオNHK杯将棋トーナメント第62回決勝戦" [Radio NHK Shogi Tournament 62nd Final] (in Japanese). NHK. 3 May 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013. [dead link]
  13. ^ "NHK杯テレビ将棋トーナメント棋譜, 2013年3月17日第62回NHK杯決勝" [NHK Cup TV Shogi Tournament game score, 62nd NHK Cup Final (March 17, 2013)] (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  14. ^ 5.反則について [Rules violations] (in Japanese). 日本将棋連盟. Retrieved 22 April 2014.