62nd United States Congress

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62nd United States Congress
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1911 – March 4, 1913

Senate President: James S. Sherman (1911–1912)
Vacant (1912–1913)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Augustus O. Bacon
Charles Curtis
Jacob H. Gallinger
Frank B. Brandegee
Henry Cabot Lodge
House Speaker: Champ Clark
Members: 96 Senators
394 Representatives
7 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: April 4, 1911 – August 22, 1911
2nd: December 4, 1911 – August 26, 1912
3rd: December 2, 1912 – March 3, 1913
<61st 63rd>

The Sixty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1911 to March 4, 1913, during the third and fourth years of William H. Taft's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Additional House seats were assigned to the two new states of New Mexico and Arizona. The size of the House was to be 435 starting with the new Congress coming into session in 1913. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Constitutional amendments[edit]

  • May 13, 1912: 17th Amendment passed Congress and sent to the states for ratification. It would create a popularly elected U.S. Senate instead of the original process of appointment by state legislatures.
  • February 3, 1913: 16th Amendment was ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect income taxes.

States admitted and territories created[edit]

President of the Senate
James S. Sherman
Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 62nd Congress. Red states are represented by two Republicans and blue by two Democrats. Purple states are represented by one senator from each party.

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Progressive (1912)
(P)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 32 0 60 92 0
Begin 43 0 48 91 1
End 47 95
Final voting share 49.5% 0.0% 50.5%
Beginning of the next congress 49 1 42 92 4

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 394

Leaders[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

At this time, most Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. A few senators were elected directly by the residents of the state. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

Senate[edit]

There were 20 changes: 6 deaths, 2 resignations, 1 invalidated election, 6 appointees replaced by electees, 4 seats added from new states, and 1 seat vacant from the previous Congress. Democrats had a 4-seat net gain, and no other parties had a net change.

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for vacancy Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Colorado
(3)
Vacant Incumbent Charles J. Hughes, Jr. (D) died January 11, 1911, before the end of the previous Congress. Winner was elected to finish term ending March 4, 1915. Charles S. Thomas (D) January 15, 1913
Arizona
(1)
Vacant New State
Winners were elected March 27, 1912.
Henry F. Ashurst (D) April 2, 1912[1]
Arizona
(3)
Marcus A. Smith (D)
New Mexico
(1)
New State
Winners were elected March 27, 1912.
Thomas B. Catron (R)
New Mexico
(2)
Albert B. Fall (R)
Iowa
(2)
Lafayette Young (R) Appointment expired April 11, 1911 upon successor's special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. William S. Kenyon (R) April 12, 1911
Georgia
(3)
Joseph M. Terrell (D) Resigned July 14, 1911, due to health reasons. Successor was elected in a special election. Hoke Smith (D) November 16, 1911
Maine
(2)
William P. Frye (R) Died August 8, 1911. Successor was elected in a special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. Obadiah Gardner (D) September 23, 1911
Tennessee
(2)
Robert L. Taylor (D) Died March 31, 1912. Successor was appointed until a special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. Newell Sanders (R) April 11, 1912
Nevada
(1)
George S. Nixon (R) Died June 5, 1912. Successor was appointed until a special election. William A. Massey (R) July 1, 1912
Illinois
(3)
William Lorimer (R) Senate invalidated election July 13, 1912. Vacant until next Congress
Idaho
(3)
Weldon B. Heyburn (R) Died October 17, 1912. Successor was appointed until a special election. Kirtland I. Perky (D) November 18, 1912
Maryland
(1)
Isidor Rayner (D) Died November 25, 1912. Successor was appointed. William P. Jackson (R) November 29, 1912
Arkansas
(2)
Jeff Davis (D) Died January 3, 1913. Successor was appointed until a special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. John N. Heiskell (D) January 6, 1913
Texas
(2)
Joseph W. Bailey (D) Resigned January 3, 1913 due to investigations brought to light suspicious income and financial ties to the oil industry. Successor was appointed until a special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. Rienzi Melville Johnston (D) January 29, 1913
Tennessee
(2)
Newell Sanders (R) Appointment expired January 24, 1913 upon successor's special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. William R. Webb (D) January 24, 1913
Nevada
(1)
William A. Massey (R) Appointment expired January 29, 1913 upon successor's special election. Key Pittman (D) January 29, 1913
Arkansas
(2)
John N. Heiskell (D) Appointment expired January 29, 1913 upon successor's special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. William M. Kavanaugh (D)
Texas
(2)
Rienzi M. Johnston (D) Morris Sheppard (D)
Idaho
(3)
Kirtland I. Perky (D) Appointment expired February 5, 1913 upon successor's special election. James H. Brady (R) February 6, 1913

House of Representatives[edit]

Sorted Chronologically by date of vacancy

House vacancies are only filled by elections. State laws regulate when (and if) there will be special elections.

Date seat became vacant District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's installation
February 12, 1912 Arizona At-large Ralph H. Cameron (Territorial delegate) New State Carl Hayden (D) February 19, 1912[2]
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Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Senate Now Numbers 96". New York Times. April 3, 1912. 
  2. ^ Rice, Ross R (1994). Carl Hayden: Builder of the American West. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. p. 40. ISBN 0-8191-9399-2.