63rd Ohio Infantry
|63rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry|
|Active||January 23, 1862 – July 8, 1865|
|Country||United States of America|
|Size||~1,000 soldiers at organization|
|Part of||Army of the Mississippi Jan. - Nov. 1862;
Army of the Tennessee Nov. 1862 - Jul. 1865
|John W. Sprague
Oscar L. Jackson
The 63rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 63rd OVI) was an infantry regiment which served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was a part of the Union forces in the Western Theater of operations.
The original 63rd OVI was organized on December 1, 1861, at Camp Worthington in Columbus and at Camp Marietta in Marietta, but only enough men were available to fill four companies. Hence, the 63rd was not officially designated as a regiment.
The 63rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry was organized January 23, 1862, in Marietta, Ohio, by consolidation of a battalion of the 22nd Ohio and the four companies of the old 63rd Regiment. Governor David Tod appointed John W. Sprague as the regiment's colonel. Its ten individual companies had been raised in southern Ohio.
The 63rd immediately took the field and joined Major General John Pope in Missouri. At New Madrid, the 63rd was brigaded with other Ohio regiments in what became known as the Ohio Brigade. It took part in all the operations resulting in the surrender of Island No. 10.
In April 1862, the 63rd OVI joined Maj. Gen. Henry Halleck's forces near Corinth, Mississippi. After the evacuation, it operated in Northern Alabama, and participated in the battles of Iuka and Corinth in the army of William S. Rosecrans. Colonel Sprague was promoted to brigadier general, and Oscar L. Jackson assumed command of the regiment.
During 1863, the 63rd operated mostly in Northern Alabama and Tennessee. In January 1864, most of the men re-enlisted for three years, and the regiment went to Ohio on veteran furlough. In May it joined Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and shared in all the battles to the end of the campaign. In the autumn, the 63rd took part in Sherman's March to the Sea.
In early 1865, the 63rd participated in the Carolinas Campaign. It took part in the Grand Review of the Armies in Washington, D.C. in May and then went by train to Louisville, Kentucky, where the men mustered out on July 8, 1865.
The regiment lost during its term of service 2 officers and 91 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded; and 5 officers and 259 enlisted men by disease, for a total of 357 fatalities.
- Reid, Whitelaw, Ohio In The War, Volume II. Cincinnati: Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin, 1868.
- Helmers, Lois, 63rd Ohio Infantry webpage (Archived 2009-10-22)
- Stevens, Larry, 63rd Ohio Infantry webpage
- Lowery, 63rd Ohio Infantry webpage