640th Bombardment Squadron

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640th Bombardment Squadron
409bg-a20.jpg
Douglas A-26 Invader of the 640th BombardmentSquadron
Active 1943-1945
Country  United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Role Light Bombardment
Part of 409th Bombardment Group
Insignia
640th Bombardment Squadron Emblem (approved 14 March 1944)[1] 640th Bombardment Squadron - Emblem.png

The 640th Bombardment Squadron is an inactive United States Army Air Forces unit. After training with Douglas A-20 Havocs in the United States the squadron deployed to the European Theater of World War II, where it engaged in combat until the Surrender of Germany. It was last assigned to the 409th Bombardment Group at Westover Field, Massachusetts, where it was inactivated on 7 November 1945.

History[edit]

The 640th Bombardment Squadron was activated in June 1943 at Will Rogers Field, Oklahoma[1] as one of the four original squadrons of the 409th Bombardment Group.[2] The squadron trained under Third Air Force in Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana with A-20 Havoc light bombardment aircraft.[2]

The squadron deployed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO) in March 1944, where it became part of IX Bomber Command of Ninth Air Force.[2]

The 640th initially flew sweeps over Occupied France from its base in England, attacking coastal defenses, V-1 flying bomb and V-2 rocket sites, airfields, and other targets in France in preparation for Operation Overlord, the invasion of Normandy. After D-Day, the squadron supported ground forces during the Battle of Normandy by hitting gun batteries, rail lines, bridges, communications, and other objectives. During July 1944, it aided the Allied offensive at Caen and the breakthrough at Saint-Lô with attacks on enemy troops, flak positions, fortified villages, and supply dumps.[2]

The squadron moved to Advanced Landing Grounds in France in September 1944, providing Third Army with close air support in its advance toward Germany through November.[2]

In December, the squadron converted to Douglas A-26 Invaders. It then participated in the Battle of the Bulge by attacking lines of communications and logistics. The squadron continued combat operations until May, flying its last combat mission against an ammunition dump in Czechoslovakia on 3 May.[2]

The unit returned to the United States and initially was assigned to Seymour Johnson Field, North Carolina where it prepared to deploy to the Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO) for operations against the Japanese Home Islands. The deployment to the Pacific Theater was cancelled with the Surrender of Japan in August.[citation needed] The 640th was inactivated at Westover Field, Massachusetts in early November.[1]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted 640th Bombardment Squadron (Light) and activated on 1 June 1943
Redesignated 640th Bombardment Squadron, Light in 1944
Inactivated on 7 Nov 1945[1]

Assignments[edit]

  • 409th Bombardment Group, 1 June 1943 - 7 November 1945[1]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

Campaigns[edit]

Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Air Offensive, Europe 7 March 1944-5 June 1944 [1]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Normandy 6 June 1944-24 July 1944 [1]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Northern France 25 July 1944-14 September 1944 [1]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Rhineland `5 September 1944-21 March 1945 [1]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Ardennes-Alsace 16 December 1944-25 January 1945 [1]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Central Europe 22 March 1944-21 May 1945 [1]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Air Combat, EAME Theater 7 March 1944-11 May 1945 [1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 690. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 294–295. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. 
  3. ^ Station number in Anderson, Capt. Barry (1985). Army Air Forces Stations: A Guide to the Stations Where U.S. Army Air Forces Personnel Served in the United Kingdom During World War II. Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Retrieved July 7, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Station number in Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day. Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. 

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]