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|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||8th century BC – 7th century BC – 6th century BC|
|Decades:||680s BC 670s BC 660s BC – 650s BC – 640s BC 630s BC 620s BC|
|Years:||655 BC 654 BC 653 BC – 652 BC – 651 BC 650 BC 649 BC|
|652 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||652 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||102|
|Bahá'í calendar||−2495 – −2494|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
2045 or 1985
— to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
2046 or 1986
|Coptic calendar||−935 – −934|
|Ethiopian calendar||−659 – −658|
|- Vikram Samvat||−595 – −594|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2450–2451|
|Igbo calendar||−1651 – −1650|
|Iranian calendar||1273 BP – 1272 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1312 BH – 1311 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2563 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||−108|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 652 BC.|
- Elam withdraws from her alliance with king Shamash-shum-ukin of Babylon, who launches a premature attack on his half brother Ashurbanipal at year's end without waiting for reinforments that have been promised by the Egyptian king Psamtik I.
- Cimmerian forces from Anatolia conquer Sardis and reach the peak of their power. King Gyges of Lydia has spent most of his 28-year reign fighting his southern and western neighbors in an effort to gain suzerainty over all of Western Asia Minor. He has helped the rebellion of Psamtik I, but he receives no support from his erstwhile Assyrian ally Ashurbanipal. Gyges falls in a battle against the Cimmerians under king Tugdamme (approximate date).
- Ardys II succeeds his father Gyges as the twenty-seventh king of Lydia. During his reign he find payment of tribute to Assyria preferable to rule by the Cimmerians, who will be routed a few decades later.
- Guan Zhong, Chinese chancellor, urges Duke Huan of Qi to attack the small neighboring State of Xing which is under attack from Quan Rong nomads. Later, he advises the duke not to ally with a vassal ruler's son who wishes to depose his father.
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