65th Academy Awards

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65th Academy Awards
65th Academy Awards.jpg
Official poster
Date March 29, 1993
Site Dorothy Chandler Pavilion
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Host Billy Crystal
Producer Gil Cates
Director Jeff Margolis
Highlights
Best Picture Unforgiven
Most awards Unforgiven (4)
Most nominations Howard's End and Unforgiven (9)
TV in the United States
Network ABC
Duration 3 hours, 33 minutes[1]
Ratings 45.85 million
32.33% (Nielsen ratings)
 < 64th Academy Awards 66th > 

The 65th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored films released in 1992 in the United States and took place on March 29, 1993, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Gil Cates and directed by Jeff Margolis.[2][3] Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the fourth consecutive year.[4] Three weeks earlier, in a ceremony held at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles on March 6, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Sharon Stone.[5]

Unforgiven won four Oscars including Best Director for Clint Eastwood and Best Picture.[6] Other winners included Bram Stoker's Dracula and Howards End with three awards, Aladdin with two, and The Crying Game, Death Becomes Her, Educating Peter, My Cousin Vinny, Indochine, The Last of the Mohicans, Mona Lisa Descending a Staircase, Omnibus, The Panama Deception, A River Runs Through It and Scent of a Woman with one. The telecast garnered almost 46 million viewers in the United States.

Winners and nominees[edit]

The nominees for the 65th Academy Awards were announced on February 17, 1993, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Rehme, president of the Academy, and the actress Mercedes Ruehl.[7] Howards End and Unforgiven led all nominees with nine nominations each.[8]

The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 29, 1993.[9] Best Director winner Clint Eastwood became the seventh person nominated for lead acting and directing for the same film.[10] Best Actor winner Al Pacino was the sixth performer to receive nominations in the lead and supporting categories in the same year.[11] He also became the first person to win in the lead acting category after achieving the aforementioned feat.[12] By virtue of his second straight win in both music categories, Alan Menken became the third person to two Oscars in two consecutive years.[13]

Awards[edit]

Headshot of a man in his early sixties. He is wearing a white tuxedo and a black bowtie.
Clint Eastwood, Best Picture and Best Director winner
A man in his mid-fifties is wearing a necklace and a  black blazer over a black t-shirt.
Al Pacino, Best Actor winner
Upper torso of a blond-haired woman who is wearing a white coat over a black shirt.
Emma Thompson, Best Actress winner
Portrait of a grey-haired Caucasian male wearing a black t-shirt underneath a red collared shirt that is completely unbuttoned.
Gene Hackman, Best Supporting Actor winner
A photo of a brown-haired woman wearing a white dress.
Marisa Tomei, Best Supporting Actress winner
A man is standing in front of a poster. He is wearing a beige coat over an unbuttoned light blue collared shirt.
Neil Jordan, Best Original Screenplay winner
A headshot of a Caucasian male with grey hair. He is seen wearing glasses, a black shirt, and a black coat.
Alan Menken, Best Original Score winner

Winners are listed first and highlighted with boldface[14]

Best Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Original Screenplay Best Adapted Screenplay
Best Foreign Language Film
Best Documentary Feature Best Documentary Short
Best Live Action Short Best Animated Short
Best Original Score Best Original Song
Best Sound Editing Best Sound Mixing
Best Art Direction Best Cinematography
Best Makeup Best Costume Design
Best Film Editing Best Visual Effects

Academy Honorary Award[edit]

Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Awards[edit]

Films with multiple nominations and awards[edit]

Presenters and performers[edit]

The following individuals (in order of appearance) presented awards or performed musical numbers:[18]

Presenters[edit]

Name(s) Role
Thomas, RandiRandi Thomas Announcer for the 65th annual Academy Awards
Rehme, RobertRobert Rehme (AMPAS president) Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony
Davis, GeenaGeena Davis Presenter of the "Women in the Movies" Montage
Palance, JackJack Palance Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress
Huston, AnjelicaAnjelica Huston Presenter of the film Unforgiven during the Best Picture segment
Robbins, TimTim Robbins
Susan Sarandon
Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing
Ruehl, MercedesMercedes Ruehl Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor
Pesci, JoeJoe Pesci
Marisa Tomei
Presenters of the award for Best Makeup
Peck, GregoryGregory Peck Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Audrey Hepburn
Parker, Sarah JessicaSarah Jessica Parker
David Paymer
Presenters of the award for Best Live Action Short Film
Snow White Snow White Presenter of the award for Best Animated Short Film
Bates, KathyKathy Bates Presenter of the film A Few Good Men on the Best Picture segment
Close, GlennGlenn Close Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film
Stone, SharonSharon Stone Presenter of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and Gordon E. Sawyer Award
Gere, RichardRichard Gere Presenter of the award for Best Art Direction
Goldberg, WhoopiWhoopi Goldberg Presenter of the film Howards End on the Best Picture segment
MacDowell, AndieAndie MacDowell Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects
Lovitz, JonJon Lovitz Presenter of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing
Hanks, TomTom Hanks
Denzel Washington
Presenters of the awards for Best Documentary Short Subject and Best Documentary Feature
Loren, SophiaSophia Loren
Marcello Mastroianni
Presenters of the Academy Honorary Award to Federico Fellini
Juliá, RaúlRaúl Juliá Presenter of the award for Best Original Score
Bancroft, AnneAnne Bancroft
Dustin Hoffman
Presenters of the awards for Best Original Screenplay and Best Adapted Screenplay
Keaton, DianeDiane Keaton Presenter of the film The Crying Game on the Best Picture segment
Downey Jr, RobertRobert Downey Jr
Alfre Woodard
Presenter of the award for Best Sound
Horne, LenaLena Horne
Quincy Jones
Presenters of the award for Best Original Song
Hopkins, AnthonyAnthony Hopkins Presenter of the award for Best Actress
Freeman, MorganMorgan Freeman
Gene Hackman
Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography
Deneuve, CatherineCatherine Deneuve Presenter of the award Best Costume Design
Lansbury, AngelaAngela Lansbury Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Elizabeth Taylor
Foster, JodieJodie Foster Presenter of the award for Best Actor
Fonda, JaneJane Fonda Presenter of the film Scent of a Woman on the Best Picture segment
Streisand, BarbraBarbra Streisand Presenter of the award for Best Director
Nicholson, JackJack Nicholson
Presenters of the award for Best Picture

Performers[edit]

Name(s) Role Performed
Conti, BillBill Conti Musical Arranger Orchestral
Crystal, BillyBilly Crystal Host Opening number:
Scent of a Woman (to the tune of "I'm a Woman" by Peggy Lee)
Howard's End (to the tune of "Hooray for Hollywood" from Hollywood Hotel)
A Few Good Men (to the tune of "Sound Off!")
The Crying Game (to the tune of "(Love Is) The Tender Trap" from The Tender Trap)
Unforgiven to the tune of ("Unforgettable" by Nat King Cole)[19]
Kane, BradBrad Kane
Lea Salonga
Performers "A Whole New World" from Aladdin
Domingo, PlácidoPlácido Domingo
Sheila E.
Performers "Beautiful Maria of My Soul" from The Mambo Kings
Cole, NatalieNatalie Cole Performer "I Have Nothing" from The Bodyguard
"Run to You" from The Bodyguard
Minnelli, LizaLiza Minnelli Performer "Ladies' Day" during the musical tribute to women in the film
Carter, NellNell Carter Performer "Friend Like Me" from Aladdin

Ceremony information[edit]

A picture of a man in his early sixties who is wearing a navy blue blazer and an unbuttoned light blue shirt.
Billy Crystal hosted the 65th Academy Awards.

Riding on the success of last year's ceremony which won several Emmys and critical acclaim, the Academy rehired producer Gil Cates for the fourth consecutive year.[20] In February 1993, actor and comedian Billy Crystal was chosen by Cates as host also for the fourth straight time.[21] Cates justified the decision to hire him saying, "He is a major movie star with a talent for moving the evening's entertainment along."[22] According to an article by Army Archerd published in Variety, Crystal initially declined to host again citing his busy film schedule that included Mr. Saturday Night and City Slickers II: The Legend of Curly's Gold.[23] However, after Cates sent him a funeral wreath wreath with a poem declaring "The show and I are dead without you" followed by a head of a fake dead horse similar to one featured in the film The Godfather, Crystal accepted the role as emcee.[24]

As with previous ceremonies he produced, Cates centered the show around a theme. Inspired by the Year of the Woman in which a record four women were elected to the United States Senate, Cates christened the 1993 show with the theme "Oscar Celebrates Women and the Movies".[25] In tandem with the theme, AMPAS gathered 67 female Oscar winners of every category for a photo that was later shown at the start of the telecast.[26] Actress and singer Liza Minnelli performed "Ladies' Day", a song written by Fred Ebb and John Kander specifically for the broadcast.[27] Oscar winning documentarian Lynne Littman assembled a montage highlighting women in film.[28]

Several other people participated in the production of the ceremony. Bill Conti served as conductor and musical supervisor for the ceremony.[29] Choreographer Debbie Allen supervised the Best Song nominee performances and the "Ladies' Night" musical number.[30] Voice actress Randy Thomas served as announcer of the telecast becoming the first woman to do so.[31]

Box office performance of nominees[edit]

At the time of the nominations announcement on February 17, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $252 million, with an average of $50.4 million per film.[32] A Few Good Men was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $120 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Unforgiven ($75.2 million), Scent of a Woman ($34.1 million), The Crying Game ($14 million), and finally Howards End ($8.7 million).[32]

Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 38 nominations went to 13 films on the list. Only A Few Good Men (6th), Unforgiven (17th), Malcolm X (30th) and Scent of a Woman (38th) were nominated for directing, acting, screenwriting, or Best Picture.[33] The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Aladdin (1st), Batman Returns (3rd), Basic Instinct (8th), The Bodyguard (9th), Under Siege (12th), Bram Stoker's Dracula (14th), The Last of the Mohicans (16th), Death Becomes Her (22nd), and Alien³ (26th).[33]

Critical reviews[edit]

The show received a negative reception from most media publications. Associated Press television critic Frazier Moore lamented that Crystal "seemed incredibly listless." He also questioned the purpose of the "Year of the Woman" theme writing, "The Oscar show itself seemed at odds with its own feminist theme."[34] Robert Bianco from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette bemoaned, "It was terrible. It was ghastly. It was tasteless. It was mesmerizing." He also derided Allen's musical production numbers comparing it to the disastrous opening number at the 61st ceremony held in 1989.[35] Columnist Matt Roush of USA Today complained, "Crystal, in a by-now-familiar performance, has, in four years, taken a plum assignment and, by repetition, reduced it to shtick." He also wrote that, "The song medley is getting old hat," and the "smug references to his flop Mr. Saturday Night were out of an improv amateur night."[36]

The telecast also received unfavorable reaction from various public feminist figures. In an interview with Los Angeles Daily News author and activist Betty Friedan condemned the "Year of the Woman" theme commenting, "It had no basis in reality. On behalf of women directors, cinematographer, and producers, I resent the travesty of calling that a tribute."[37] Likewise, President of the National Organization for Women's Los Angeles chapter Tammy Bruce chastised ceremony's feminist tribute as "one of the most hypocritical, patronizing things I saw in my whole life."[38] In response, Gil Cates responded towards the criticism of the theme stating, "The theme developed and raised consciousness in a way that I think is positive, not only for the individual in general but for individual women specifically."[37] He also quoted an ancient Chinese proverb later made famous by former U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt saying, "It is better to light one candle than to curse the darkness"[39]

Ratings and reception[edit]

The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 45.85 million people over its length, which was a 3% increase from the previous year's ceremony.[40][41] The show also drew higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 32.33% of households watching over a 49.35 share.[42] In addition, it also drew a higher 18–49 demo rating with a 20.24 rating over a 40.55 share among viewers in that demographic.[42]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A^ : The Academy revoked the Best Foreign Language Film nomination of Uruguay's A Place in the World after an investigation that determined the film as an Argentine production and therfore violated the Academy's rules which require that there be "substantial filmmaking input from the country that submits the film."[43]
B^ : Hepburn died on January 20, 1993, shortly after AMPAS announced the honor.[44] Her son Sean accepted the award at the ceremony on her behalf.[45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 889
  2. ^ Marx, Andy (November 11, 1992). "4th Oscarcast for Cates". Variety (PMC). Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  3. ^ Osborne 2013, p. 418
  4. ^ MacMinn, Aleene (February 10, 1993). "Morning Report: Movies". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Past Scientific & Technical Awards Ceremonies". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ Fox, David J. (March 31, 1993). "'Unforgiven' Top Film; Pacino, Thompson Win : Academy Awards: Eastwood named best director. Oscars for supporting roles go to Hackman and Tomei.". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ Weinraub, Bernard (February 18, 1993). "3 Films Dominate Nominees In Oscar Contest". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ Fox, David J. (February 18, 1993). "The 65th Academy Award Nominations: The Declaration of Independents : The nominations: 'Howards End' and 'Unforgiven' get nine apiece, 'The Crying Game' six. Non-studio and maverick filmmakers have a field day.". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Nominees & Winners for the 65th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  10. ^ McAlister, Nancy (March 26, 2993). "Women are honored at this year's Oscars". The Post and Courier (Evening Post Industries). Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  11. ^ Rea, Steven (February 18, 1993). "In Line For Oscars "Howards End" And Clint Eastwood's "Unforgiven" Got Nine Academy Award Nominations Each. And Makers Of "The Crying Game" May Get The Last Laugh, With Six Shots At The Statuette.". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  12. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 1173
  13. ^ Osborne 2013, p. 424
  14. ^ "The 65th Academy Awards (1993) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved 2011-10-22. 
  15. ^ Marx, Andy (January 18, 1993). "Acad Award in picture for Fellini". Variety (PMC). Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  16. ^ MacMinn, Aleene (January 14, 1993). "Morning Report: Movies". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  17. ^ Marx, Andy (January 13, 1993). "Hepburn, Taylor get Hersholt". Variety (PMC). Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  18. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 877
  19. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 881
  20. ^ "Cates to Repeat As Oscars Producer". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Corporation). November 13, 1992. p. C2. 
  21. ^ Williams, Jeannie (February 5, 1993). "Bily Crystal, back as Mr. Oscar night". USA Today (Gannett Company). p. 2D. 
  22. ^ "'Perfect host' appointed". The Globe and Mail (The Globe and Mail Inc.). February 6, 1993. p. C6. 
  23. ^ Williams, Jeannie (Febriary 18, 1993). "Roping Crystal into Oscar duty". USA Today (Gannett Com[pa). p. 2D. 
  24. ^ Archerd, Army (February 16, 1993). "Cates ‘convinces’ Crystal to m.c. Oscars again". Variety (PMC). Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  25. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 872
  26. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 875
  27. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 886
  28. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 880
  29. ^ "Oscar watch". Variety (PMC). January 5, 1993. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Oscar Dance Tryouts Sunday". Varierty (PMC). February 22, 1993. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  31. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 879
  32. ^ a b "1992 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  33. ^ a b "1992 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  34. ^ Moore, Frazier (March 30, 1993). "Billy Crystal's Performance Lame". The Daily Gazette (The Daily Gazette Co.). Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  35. ^ Bianco, Robert (March 30, 1993). "Crystal Can't Save Disastrous Oscars Show". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Crain Communications). Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  36. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 892
  37. ^ a b Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 893
  38. ^ Karlak, Pat; Swertlow, Frank. "Hollywood's Hollow Salute Oscars' 'Year of Woman' Patronizing, Many Say". The Plain Dealer (Advance Publications). p. 3C. 
  39. ^ Osborne 2013, p. 313
  40. ^ Johnson, Greg (March 18, 1999). "Call It the Glamour Bowl". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  41. ^ Gorman, Bill (March 8, 2010). "Academy Awards Averages 41.3 Million Viewers; Most Since 2005". TV by the Numbers (Tribune Company). Archived from the original on March 10, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  42. ^ a b "Academy Awards ratings" (PDF). Television Bureau of Advertising. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  43. ^ Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 873
  44. ^ Kehr, Dace (January 21, 1993). "Screen Legend Audrey Hepburn, 63". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Company). Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  45. ^ Rickey, Carrie (March 30, 1993). "In Like Clint Oscar's Tribute Was Fitting, Given That Women Garnered A Surprising Share Of Awards. (for Al Pacino, The Magic Even Trickled Down To The Title "Scent Of A Woman".)". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved June 20, 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Official websites
Analysis
Other resources