65th Academy Awards
|65th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 29, 1993|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion
Los Angeles, California
|Most awards||Unforgiven (4)|
|Most nominations||Howard's End and Unforgiven (9)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 33 minutes|
The 65th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored films released in 1992 in the United States and took place on March 29, 1993, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Gil Cates and directed by Jeff Margolis. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the fourth consecutive year. Three weeks earlier, in a ceremony held at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles on March 6, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Sharon Stone.
Unforgiven won four Oscars including Best Director for Clint Eastwood and Best Picture. Other winners included Bram Stoker's Dracula and Howards End with three awards, Aladdin with two, and The Crying Game, Death Becomes Her, Educating Peter, My Cousin Vinny, Indochine, The Last of the Mohicans, Mona Lisa Descending a Staircase, Omnibus, The Panama Deception, A River Runs Through It and Scent of a Woman with one. The telecast garnered almost 46 million viewers in the United States.
- 1 Winners and nominees
- 2 Presenters and performers
- 3 Ceremony information
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Bibliography
- 7 External links
Winners and nominees
The nominees for the 65th Academy Awards were announced on February 17, 1993, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Rehme, president of the Academy, and the actress Mercedes Ruehl. Howards End and Unforgiven led all nominees with nine nominations each.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 29, 1993. Best Director winner Clint Eastwood became the seventh person nominated for lead acting and directing for the same film. Best Actor winner Al Pacino was the sixth performer to receive two acting nominations in the same year. By virtue of his second straight win in both music categories, Alan Menken became the third person to two Oscars in two consecutive years.
Winners are listed first and highlighted with boldface
Academy Honorary Award
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Awards
Films with multiple nominations and awards
The following 22 films received multiple nominations:
The following four films received multiple awards:
Presenters and performers
The following individuals (in order of appearance) presented awards or performed musical numbers:
|Thomas, RandiRandi Thomas||Announcer for the 65th annual Academy Awards|
|Rehme, RobertRobert Rehme (AMPAS president)||Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony|
|Davis, GeenaGeena Davis||Presenter of the "Women in the Movies" Montage|
|Palance, JackJack Palance||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Huston, AnjelicaAnjelica Huston||Presenter of the film Unforgiven during the Best Picture segment|
|Robbins, TimTim Robbins
|Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Ruehl, MercedesMercedes Ruehl||Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Pesci, JoeJoe Pesci
|Presenters of the award for Best Makeup|
|Peck, GregoryGregory Peck||Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Audrey Hepburn|
|Parker, Sarah JessicaSarah Jessica Parker
|Presenters of the award for Best Live Action Short Film|
|Snow White Snow White||Presenter of the award for Best Animated Short Film|
|Bates, KathyKathy Bates||Presenter of the film A Few Good Men on the Best Picture segment|
|Close, GlennGlenn Close||Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Stone, SharonSharon Stone||Presenter of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and Gordon E. Sawyer Award|
|Gere, RichardRichard Gere||Presenter of the award for Best Art Direction|
|Goldberg, WhoopiWhoopi Goldberg||Presenter of the film Howards End on the Best Picture segment|
|MacDowell, AndieAndie MacDowell||Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Lovitz, JonJon Lovitz||Presenter of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing|
|Hanks, TomTom Hanks
|Presenters of the awards for Best Documentary Short Subject and Best Documentary Feature|
|Loren, SophiaSophia Loren
|Presenters of the Academy Honorary Award to Federico Fellini|
|Juliá, RaúlRaúl Juliá||Presenter of the award for Best Original Score|
|Bancroft, AnneAnne Bancroft
|Presenters of the awards for Best Original Screenplay and Best Adapted Screenplay|
|Keaton, DianeDiane Keaton||Presenter of the film The Crying Game on the Best Picture segment|
|Downey Jr, RobertRobert Downey Jr
|Presenter of the award for Best Sound|
|Horne, LenaLena Horne
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Song|
|Hopkins, AnthonyAnthony Hopkins||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Freeman, MorganMorgan Freeman
|Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Deneuve, CatherineCatherine Deneuve||Presenter of the award Best Costume Design|
|Lansbury, AngelaAngela Lansbury||Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Elizabeth Taylor|
|Foster, JodieJodie Foster||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Fonda, JaneJane Fonda||Presenter of the film Scent of a Woman on the Best Picture segment|
|Streisand, BarbraBarbra Streisand||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Nicholson, JackJack Nicholson
|Presenters of the award for Best Picture|
|Conti, BillBill Conti||Musical Arranger||Orchestral|
|Crystal, BillyBilly Crystal||Host||Opening number:
Scent of a Woman (to the tune of "I'm a Woman")
Howard's End (to the tune of "Hooray for Hollywood")
A Few Good Men (to the tune of "Sound Off!")
The Crying Game (to the tune of "(Love Is) The Tender Trap")
Unforgiven to the tune of "Unforgettable"
|Kane, BradBrad Kane
|Performers||"A Whole New World" from Aladdin|
|Domingo, PlácidoPlácido Domingo
|Performers||"Beautiful Maria of My Soul" from The Mambo Kings|
|Cole, NatalieNatalie Cole||Performer||"I Have Nothing" from The Bodyguard
"Run to You" from The Bodyguard
|Minnelli, LizaLiza Minnelli||Performer||"Ladies' Day" during the musical tribute to women in the film|
|Carter, NellNell Carter||Performer||"Friend Like Me" from Aladdin|
Box office performance of nominees
At the time of the nominations announcement on February 17, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $252 million, with an average of $50.4 million per film. A Few Good Men was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $120 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Unforgiven ($75.2 million), Scent of a Woman ($34.1 million), The Crying Game ($14 million), and finally Howards End ($8.7 million).
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 38 nominations went to 13 films on the list. Only A Few Good Men (6th), Unforgiven (17th), Malcolm X (30th) and Scent of a Woman (38th) were nominated for directing, acting, screenwriting, or Best Picture. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Aladdin (1st), Batman Returns (3rd), Basic Instinct (8th), The Bodyguard (9th), Under Siege (12th), Bram Stoker's Dracula (14th), The Last of the Mohicans (16th), Death Becomes Her (22nd), and Alien³ (26th).
The show received a negative reception from most media publications. Associated Press television critic Frazier Moore lamented that Crystal "seemed incredibly listless." He also questioned the purpose of the "Year of the Woman" theme writing, "The Oscar show itself seemed at odds with its own feminist theme." Robert Bianco from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette bemoaned, "It was terrible. It was ghastly. It was tasteless. It was mesmerizing." He also derided Allen's musical production numbers comparing it to the disastrous opening number at the 61st ceremony held in 1989. Columnist Matt Roush of USA Today complained, "Crystal, in a by-now-familiar performance, has, in four years, taken a plum assignment and, by repetition, reduced it to shtick." He also wrote that, "The song medley is getting old hat," and the "smug references to his flop Mr. Saturday Night were out of an improv amateur night."
Other media outlets received the broadcast and more positively. Howard Rosenberg of the Los Angeles Times gave a lackluster review of the ceremony but praised Crystal's performance writing that like his previous hosting stints, "He can reel off one-liners from a teleprompter with the best of them.' He added, "Crystal's delivery is usually so seamless that it's often hard to tell."
Ratings and reception
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 45.85 million people over its length, which was a 3% increase from the previous year's ceremony. The show also drew higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 32.33% of households watching over a 49.35 share. In addition, it also drew a higher 18–49 demo rating with a 20.24 rating over a 40.55 share among viewers in that demographic.
- 13th Golden Raspberry Awards
- 35th Grammy Awards
- 45th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 46th British Academy Film Awards
- 47th Tony Awards
- 50th Golden Globe Awards
- List of submissions to the 65th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- MacMinn, Aleene (February 10, 1993). "Morning Report: Movies". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Marx, Andy (November 11, 1992). "4th Oscarcast for Cates". Variety (PMC). Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Osborne 2013, p. 418
- Scott, Tony (March 29, 1993). "Review: ‘The 65th Annual Academy Awards’". Varietypublisher=PMC. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- "Past Scientific & Technical Awards Ceremonies". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 21, 2013.
- Fox, David J. (March 31, 1993). "'Unforgiven' Top Film; Pacino, Thompson Win : Academy Awards: Eastwood named best director. Oscars for supporting roles go to Hackman and Tomei.". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- Weinraub, Bernard (February 18, 1993). "3 Films Dominate Nominees In Oscar Contest". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Fox, David J. (February 18, 1993). "The 65th Academy Award Nominations: The Declaration of Independents : The nominations: 'Howards End' and 'Unforgiven' get nine apiece, 'The Crying Game' six. Non-studio and maverick filmmakers have a field day.". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 18, 2014.
- "Nominees & Winners for the 65th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- McAlister, Nancy (March 26, 2993). "Women are honored at this year's Oscars". The Post and Courier (Evening Post Industries). Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- Rea, Steven (February 18, 1993). "In Line For Oscars "Howards End" And Clint Eastwood's "Unforgiven" Got Nine Academy Award Nominations Each. And Makers Of "The Crying Game" May Get The Last Laugh, With Six Shots At The Statuette.". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- Osborne 2013, p. 424
- "The 65th Academy Awards (1993) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved 2011-10-22.
- Marx, Andy (January 18, 1993). "Acad Award in picture for Fellini". Variety (PMC). Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- MacMinn, Aleene (January 14, 1993). "Morning Report: Movies". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- Marx, Andy (January 13, 1993). "Hepburn, Taylor get Hersholt". Variety (PMC). Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 877
- "1992 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- "1992 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- Moore, Frazier (March 30, 1993). "Billy Crystal's Performance Lame". The Daily Gazette (The Daily Gazette Co.). Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- Bianco, Robert (March 30, 1993). "Crystal Can't Save Disastrous Oscars Show". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Crain Communications). Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 892
- Rosenberg, Howard (March 30, 1993). "Calendar Goes to the Oscars: Oscar Sets New Record for Hype : Crystal Is Funny, but Salute to Women Comes Up Short in Bloated Telecast". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- Johnson, Greg (March 18, 1999). "Call It the Glamour Bowl". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- Gorman, Bill (March 8, 2010). "Academy Awards Averages 41.3 Million Viewers; Most Since 2005". TV by the Numbers (Tribune Company). Archived from the original on March 10, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
- "Academy Awards ratings" (PDF). Television Bureau of Advertising. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- Osborne, Robert (2013). 85 Years of the Oscar: The Complete History of the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Abbeville Publishing Group. ISBN 0-7892-1142-4.
- Wiley, Mason; Bona, Damien (1996). Inside Oscar: The Unofficial History of the Academy Awards (5 ed.). New York, United States: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-40053-4. OCLC 779680732.
- Official websites
- Academy Awards Official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Official website
- Oscar's Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Video Highlights
- Other resources