65th Aggressor Squadron

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65th Aggressor Squadron
F-15E-80-0010-64as-nellis.jpg
Active 1940–present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Fighter-Agressor
Engagements European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Streamer.jpg
World War II (EAME Theater)
Decorations Streamer PUC Army.PNG
Distinguished Unit Citation (3x)
US Air Force Outstanding Unit Award - Stremer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (3x)
French Croix De Guerre Streamer (World War II).jpg
French Croix De Guerre with Palm
Insignia
65th Aggressor Squadron emblem 65thag-emblem.jpg

The 65th Aggressor Squadron (65 AGRS) was a United States Air Force unit. It was assigned to the 57th Adversary Tactics Group and stationed at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada.

Overview[edit]

The 65th AGRS was assigned 24 F-15 aircraft, painted in camouflage schemes identical to those observed on Russian-manufactured Su-27 Flanker fighters and operated in conjunction with the 64th Aggressor Squadron, which performs a similar task using F-16s.

On 30 July 2008, one pilot was killed and another injured when their F-15 crashed into the ground during a training mission.[1]

The Air Force inactivated[2] the unit on September 26, 2014. It's fleet was maintained by Flanker Aircraft Maintenance Unit, a section of the 757th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron.

History[edit]

See also: 4477th Tactical Evaluation Flight

World War II[edit]

Formed as a P-40 Warhawk pursuit squadron in January 1941 as part of the Army Air Corps Northeast Defense Sector (later I Fighter Command) at Mitchel Field, New York. Trained in New England and provided air defense of the northeast after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

P-40 Warhawk fighters of the 65th Fighter Squadron in North Africa, 1943.

Was reassigned to the U.S. Army Middle East Force in Egypt, July 1942, becoming part of IX Fighter Command. Took part in the British Western Desert Campaign, engaged in combat during the Battle of El Alamein and, as part of Ninth Air Force, supported the Commonwealth Eighth Army's drive across Egypt and Libya, escorting bombers and flying strafing and dive-bombing missions against airfields, communications, and troop concentrations until Axis defeat in Tunisia in May 1943. The unit participated in the reduction of Pantelleria (May–June 1943) and the conquest of Sicily (July–August 1943).

The squadron supported the British Eighth Army's landing at Termoli and subsequent operations in Italy, being reassigned to Twelfth Air Force in August 1943. It flew dive-bombing, strafing, patrol, and escort missions.

In 1944, converted to P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft and flew interdiction operations in Italy. They moved to Corsica on 30 March 1944 to operate as a separate task force. It flew interdiction missions against railroads, communication targets, and motor vehicles behind enemy lines, providing a minimum of 48 fighter-bomber sorties per day.

Participated in the French campaign against Elba in June 1944 and in the invasion of Southern France in August. It engaged in interdiction and support operations in northern Italy from September 1944 to May 1945.

The 65th flew its last combat mission on 2 May 1945. Remained in northern Italy after the end of the European War, demobilizing throughout the summer of 1945. It was reassigned to the United States in August 1945 without personnel or equipment and was inactivated at the end of August.

Cold War[edit]

Reactivated in August 1946 as part of Eleventh Air Force (Later Alaskan Air Command) as part of the air defense forces in the northwest Pacific. Squadron began training new P-51 pilots at Ladd Field, Alaska. Later, it was equipped with F-80Bs in March–April 1948, F-80Cs in October–December 1948, F-94Bs in the summer of 1951, and F-89Cs in September 1953. With these aircraft, the squadron provided fighter aircraft defense in support of the Alaska Area until late in the 1950s.

In October 1969, the 65th Fighter Weapons Squadron took over the F-100D/F Super Sabre aircraft, personnel, and facilities of the 4536th Fighter Weapons Squadron at Nellis AFB. F-100s tail coded "WB", only to become non-operational early in 1970. On reactivation was equipped with A-7D Corsair II ground attack aircraft, operating from Luke AFB, Arizona and Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona. Conducted fighter weapons training with the A-7D until June 1975 when aircraft sent to Air National Guard units.

Aggressor training[edit]

65th Aggressor Squadron F-5E Tiger II "Aggressors" aircraft, about 1980

Re-equipped in October 1975 with F-5E Tiger IIs, the aircraft having been originally destined for delivery to South Vietnam and became available when the nation Collapsed. Since the F-5E had approximately the size and performance characteristics of a Soviet MiG-21, it was used throughout US and overseas to teach adversarial tactics and provide dissimilar air combat training to US Air Force flying units, eventually becoming the 65th Aggressor Squadron. F-5s carried no tail codes, although did carry Nellis black/yellow check tail stripe and TAC emblem on tail. The aircraft were painted in Soviet Air Forces motif, with subdued USAF markings. Last two digits of the F-5's tail number painted in red on front fuselage, highlighted in white.

Deployed throughout US and overseas to teach adversarial tactics and provide dissimilar air combat training to US Air Force flying units. Re-designated 65th Tactical Fighter Aggressor Squadron on 30 December 1981. Added subdued "WA" tail code in early 1987. Re-designated again as 64th Aggressor Squadron on 4 January 1983.

Operated until 1989 when the F-5s began having structural problems with the airframes. As the Cold War ended and military budgets adjusted, the unit flew their last aggressor flight on 7 April 1989.

Modern era[edit]

F-15C Eagle 57th Wg 65th Aggressor Squadron AW 080010 - Nellis AFB NV - 2007

The squadron was reactivated in September 2005. Flying F-15Cs as an Aggressor Squadron (65 AGRS). Participated in USAF Red Flag and Canadian Forces Maple Flag exercises, provided USAF Weapons School syllabus support, priority test mission support and road shows that visited various units throughout the CONUS to ACC units for training.

Lineage[edit]

65th FIS (Air Defense Command) emblem
  • Constituted 65th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
Activated on 15 January 1941
Re-designated 65th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
Inactivated on 7 November 1945
  • Activated on 15 August 1946
Re-designated 65th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 20 January 1950
Inactivated on 8 January 1958
  • Re-designated 65th Fighter Weapons Squadron on 22 August 1969
Activated on 15 October 1969
Re-designated: 65th Tactical Fighter Training Aggressor Squadron on 30 December 1981
Re-designated: 65th Aggressor Squadron on 1 April 1983
Inactivated on 7 April 1989
  • Activated on 15 September 2005
  • Inactivated on 26 September 2014

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ "F-15 crashes in Nevada desert; 1 pilot dead". Military on msnbc.com. Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "Nellis aggressor squadron inactivated". af.mil. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 

External links[edit]