666 Fifth Avenue
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|666 Fifth Avenue|
|Location||666 Fifth Avenue, New York City|
|Roof||483 ft (147 m)|
|Floor area||1,500,000 sq ft (140,000 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Carson & Lundin|
|Developer||Tishman Realty and Construction|
The Tishman family via Tishman Realty and Construction built the 1,500,000-square-foot (140,000 m2) tower in 1957. It was designed by Carson & Lundin and the building was called the Tishman Building. One of its most famous exterior features was the prominent 666 address emblazoned on the top of the building. The other distinctive exterior features are embossed aluminum panels.
The original design included lobby sculptures by Isamu Noguchi including the "Landscape of the Cloud" which consists of sinuously cut thin railings in the ceiling to create a cloud effect. The cloud is also carried into a ceiling to floor waterfall.
The penthouse was occupied by the Top of the Sixes restaurant. For many years the building had a distinctive feature of a T-shaped atrium walk-through open to the sidewalks on 52nd Street, 53rd Street and Fifth Avenue with glass storefronts inside the walk-through. This included a bookstore and another area used for years by Alitalia Airlines. The entrance to 666 Fifth Avenue was inside this walk-through.
Sumitomo Realty ownership
Tishman Realty dissolved in 1976 and the building was sold for $80 million. In the late 1990s Japanese firms bought both Rockefeller Center and 666 Fifth Avenue. The new owner of 666 Fifth was Sumitomo Realty & Development Company. Major changes included replacing the Top of the Sixes restaurant with the Grand Havana Room, a cigar bar private club.
The newly reconstituted Tishman Speyer Properties bought the building for $518 million in 2000. At about the same time Tishman also bought Rockefeller Center. Shortly after the purchase, Tishman enclosed the atrium walk-through and added a third tenant, Hickey Freeman. The enclosure cut off the Fifth Avenue entrance. Access is now via 52nd or 53rd Street. In 2002 the 666 address on the side of the building was replaced with a Citigroup logo. Citigroup is now the building's largest tenant.
The 2006 sale was the third blockbuster deal involving Tishman in two years. In 2005 Tishman bought the MetLife Building for $1.72 billion, setting the previous record. A month before the 666 sale, Tishman bought Stuyvesant Town and Peter Cooper Village for $5.4 billion, which was the biggest real estate deal in U.S. history.
In December 2006, Tishman Speyer Properties along with the German investment firm TMW announced the sale of the building to the Kushner Properties for $1.8 billion, the highest price ever paid for an individual building in Manhattan.
The deal turned heads since at 483 ft (147 m) the building is not even on the list of tallest buildings in New York City. However, it is considered a trophy building because of its location on Fifth Avenue across from Rockefeller Center.
Kushner sold the retail condominium portion of 666 Fifth to a Stanley Chera led group for $525 million.
Brooks Brothers and the National Basketball Association store became the initial ground-floor tenants. Brooks Brothers moved out in 2009, as well as Hickey Freeman (in May 2009). The new Hollister Co. Epic New York flagship moved in in 2010, and Uniqlo occupies 90,000 square feet (8,400 m2) on the ground, second, and third floors. The Hollister flagship opened in the later part of 2010 and features a live video feed from Huntington Beach, California displayed on 179 flat-screen TVs outside the store along with wave pools. Polished gray columns were placed in the lobby near the elevators and changes were made to the subway entrance at the base of the building; the building is directly above the Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street station, which is served by the E M trains. The NBA Store closed in February 2011. The building has also become an attractive location for law firms, hosting the New York offices of Vinson & Elkins, Phillips Nizer, Fulbright & Jaworski, and Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe. It also houses the hedge fund Atlantic Investment Management, the private equity firm AEA Investors and the retailer Henri Bendel. In addition, the real estate developer Rockrose also moved in mid-2009. In Klaus Nomi's self-titled 1981 record, 666 Fifth Avenue Room 2220 is listed as the contact address in the liner notes. DC Comics has been one of the two largest American comic book companies (the other being Marvel Comics). For many years, its headquarters were located at 666 Fifth Avenue in New York City, in the 1990s, they moved to 1700 Broadway. The initials "DC" are an abbreviation for Detective Comics, after one of the company's flagship titles.
In popular culture
- The construction of the building can be seen in Shirley Clarke's film Skyscraper (1960).
- A high POV shot from behind St. Patrick's Cathedral looking at the intersection of 52nd Street and Fifth Avenue appears in the film Godspell (1973).
- The roof of the building can be seen (fittingly) in John Boorman's Exorcist II: The Heretic (1977).
- Klaus Nomi used the address on his self-titled album, Klaus Nomi (1981).
- The building is referenced in Allan Sherman's song, "If I were a Tishman".
- This building is featured in the novel Good Omens (1990) as the headquarters for Famine.
- This building is noted in Susan Sontag's Notes on Camp (1964) as being kitsch, but not camp, because of an absence of love going into its production.
- Official Tishman description
- The Midtown Book: The Tishman Building
- Top Price for Top of the Sixes - National Real Estate Investor - December 12, 2006
- Big Deal, Even in Manhattan: A Tower Goes for $1.8 Billion, New York Times, December 7, 2006
- Cheap, Chic, And Made For All: How Uniqlo Plans To Take Over Casual Fashion
- Feran, Tim (December 7, 2010). "Surf's up at newest Hollister store in NYC". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved December 26, 2010.